Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Clinical Assessment The “FACE” of Cranial Nerves J Carley MSN, MA, CNE Fall 2009 1 22 33 44 5 66 8 8 9 10 12.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Clinical Assessment The “FACE” of Cranial Nerves J Carley MSN, MA, CNE Fall 2009 1 22 33 44 5 66 8 8 9 10 12."— Presentation transcript:

1 Clinical Assessment The “FACE” of Cranial Nerves J Carley MSN, MA, CNE Fall

2 I Olfactory II Optic III Oculomotor IV Trochlear V Trigeminal VI Abducens VII Facial VIII Acoustic IX Glossopharyngeal X Vagus XI Spinal Accessory XII Hypoglossal Cranial Nerves

3 When assessing the cranial nerves, there are 3 items the examiner must know: Function (Motor, Sensory, Mixed) Testing Signs of Dysfunction

4 Cranial Nerves CN I – Olfactory Nerve Function: special sensory Testing: Use 2-3 vials of familiar odors Test one nostril at a time with patient’s eyes closed Use least irritating scent first and allow the patient to rest in between vials Signs of Dysfunction: anosmia O O O T T A F A G V S H

5 Cranial Nerves CN II – Optic Nerve Function: special sensory Testing: Snellen Eye chart Fundus Exam Visual fields via confrontation Pupillary Light reflex Signs of Dysfunction Blindness Loss of pupillary constriction (sensory) O O O T T A F A G V S H

6 Cranial Nerves CN III – Occulomotor Nerve Function: somatic & visceral motor Testing: Six Cardinal Fields of Gaze Pupillary Light reflex: (motor) Accommodation Signs of Dysfunction: Eye turned down & out w/ ptosis Mydriasis, Loss of accommodation, Diplopia O O O T T A F A G V S H

7 Cranial Nerves CN IV – Trochlear Nerve Function: somatic motor Testing: Six Cardinal Fields of Gaze Signs of Dysfunction: Vertical diplopia Excycodeviation of the eye O O O T T A F A G V S H

8 Cranial Nerves CN V – Trigeminal Nerve Function: Branchial motor – mastication General Sensory – sensory to the face O O O T T A F A G V S H

9 Cranial Nerves CN V – Trigeminal Nerve Testing: Sharp & light touch over the three divisions Corneal Blink Reflex (sensory) Clinch teeth & Jaw Jerk Signs of Dysfunction: Weakness Hemianesthesia Absent Corneal Blink Reflex O O O T T A F A G V S H

10 Cranial Nerves CN VI – Abducens Nerve Function: somatic motor Testing: Six Cardinal Fields of Gaze Signs of Dysfunction: Horizontal diplopia Medial deviation of the eye O O O T T A F A G V S H

11 Cranial Nerves CN VII – Facial Nerve Function: Branchial motor – facial muscles Visceral motor – glandular fcn General Sensory – skin of the auricle Special Sensory - taste O O O T T A F A G V S H

12 Cranial Nerves CN VII – Facial Nerve Testing: Branchial motor component: facial expression Special Sensory: taste to the anterior 2/3 of tongue Signs of Dysfunction: Hemiparesis Dry eye Lagophthalmos Dry mouth Loss of taste O O O T T A F A G V S H

13 Cranial Nerves CN VIII – Acoustic (Vestibulocochlear) Nerve Function: special sensory Testing: hearing tests: Rinne, Weber, Audiology, whisper, fingertips Signs of Dysfunction: Vertigo Nystagmus Disequilibrium Sensorineural deafness O O O T T A F A G V S H

14 Cranial Nerves CN IX – Glossopharyngeal Nerve Function: Branchial Motor – elevation of pharynx during swallowing & speech Visceral Motor – parotid gland fcn Visceral Sensory – communication between carotid body & sinus General Sensory - tongue Special Sensory - taste O O O T T A F A G V S H

15 Cranial Nerves CN IX – Glossopharyngeal Nerve Testing: Branchial Motor: swallowing General Sensory: gag reflex Special sensory: taste of posterior 1/3 of tongue O O O T T A F A G V S H

16 Cranial Nerves CN IX – Glossopharyngeal Nerve Signs of Dysfunction Dysphagia Dry mouth Loss of taste Loss of gag reflex TYPICALLY, IX and X are tested together O O O T T A F A G V S H

17 Cranial Nerves CN X – Vagus Nerve Function: Branchial Motor – deglutition & phonation Visceral Motor – smooth muscles of the thoracic & abdominal viscera Visceral Sensory – thoracic & abdominal viscera General Sensory – external ear TYPICALLY, IX and X are tested together O O O T T A F A G V S H

18 Cranial Nerves CN X – Vagus Nerve Testing: Branchial motor: swallowing, gag reflex, soft palate elevation with uvula remaining while saying “Ah” Signs of Dysfunction: Dysphagia Hoarseness Uvula deviation O O O T T A F A G V S H

19 Cranial Nerves CN XI – Spinal Accessory Nerve Function: somatic motor Testing: Resisted shoulder elevation & head rotation Signs of Dysfunction: Atrophy & Weakness Fasciculations Neck or shoulder deviation O O O T T A F A G V S H

20 Cranial Nerves CN XII – Hypoglossal Nerve Function: somatic motor Testing: Stick out tongue Press tongue against check while palpating to test muscle strength Articulation of hard consonants: ‘L’, ‘T’, ‘D’, & ‘N’ Signs of Dysfunction: Atrophy & Weakness Deviation Dysarthria O O O T T A F A G V S H


Download ppt "Clinical Assessment The “FACE” of Cranial Nerves J Carley MSN, MA, CNE Fall 2009 1 22 33 44 5 66 8 8 9 10 12."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google