3How is Central America and the Caribbean culturally diverse? There are 40 million people in Central America.Primary groups of people:Spanish, Native Americans, English and some AfricansCaribbeanThere are 36 million people in the Caribbean1/3 live in Cuba.Primary groups of people:Native Americans, Spanish, African, Asian, Middle Eastern, and other Europeans
4Language Central America Caribbean Spanish Spanish English French Belize onlyNative dialectsCaribbeanSpanishFrenchEnglishCreoleMixture of French and African dialects
5Religion Central America Caribbean Most are Roman Catholic Most practice ChristianityIncluding CatholicismSmall groups of Muslims, Hindus and Jews
6Types of Foods Depends on the culture of each individual country. Most food is a blending of 3 or more cultures.In the Caribbean the main dishes include seafood and tropical fruits.Flying fish, sea urchin eggsSpicy curries from IndiaSausage from EnglandChinese dishes
7Popular forms of MusicCentral American music is very similar to that of Mexico.The CaribbeanCalypsoBrought by slaves as a means of communicationHas humor in the lyricsReggaeJamaicanLyrics deal with social issues.Steel Drums“Tuned” to create specific sounds by hitting the drum with a rubberized drum stick.
8Athletics Baseball Soccer Track and Field Cricket Includes running, throwing, and jumpingCricketSimilar to baseball.
9Diversity of the ArtsDiversity exists in all areas of Latin American culture.Food, music, style of clothing, language, literature and art demonstrate a blending of Native America, African and European cultural elements.At the same time, Catholicism gives the region a unifying set of beliefs and customs.
11Cuba Unitary Socialist Republic Dictatorship Fidel Castro = Dictator What is a unitary government?DictatorshipFidel Castro = DictatorCastro’s brother, Raul, assumed duties when Castro fell ill in 2006Voters only have 1 political party to choose fromCubans MUST vote in elections beginning at age 16.National Assembly – 1 house legislature of 600 membersMeets two times a year and is lead by the president (Castro)Appoints the Council of State which has 31 membersControls the economy with the Communist PartyVoters in the 14 Cuban provinces elect members of the municipal assemblies - who choose members for the provincial assembliesMembers of both assemblies server for 2 1/2 years - unpaid
12Jamaica Constitutional Monarchy Parliament is their legislature = 2 housesSenate, House of RepresentativesVote for 60 members of House of RepresentativesDo NOT vote for members of the SenateCitizens of Jamaica vote when they turn 18 years oldChoose between 2 partiesIn the House of Representatives, the party with the most votes (leading party) chooses the Prime Minister.Prime Minister asks the English monarch to choose a Governor-General for the island (from the leading party).Governor-General selects 13 of 21 of the Senate members from the leading partyThe opposition party asks the Governor-General to select the remaining members of the Senate from their party.
14EconomicsMost countries in Central America and the Caribbean have a mixed economy.However . . .Cuba has a communist economy.Government controls the production and prices of goods.Many countries often choose to adopt another countries currency Like the USA dollar.This provides a stable currency for that country and allows consumers to trade easily.Examples: El Salvador and PanamaThis is especially helpful considering the major source of income in the Caribbean is tourism.