2 Brazil Federal Republic President– Head of government & Chief of state Divides power between a national (federal) and local (state) governments.Document (constitution) may describe the rights and responsibilities of each group.Decisions made by elected officials who represent the people.President– Head of government & Chief of stateElected by the citizensServes a 4 year termOnly allowed to serve 2 termsVoting RequirementsCitizens vote at the local and national levelMANDATORY for ALL citizens ages who can readBetween & Over 70 years old – voting is optional
3 Personal Freedoms Granted to Citizens Freedom of Speech and AssemblyPersonal property laws are not always protected.The courts cannot be trusted to help the people in all situationsBasic EconomicsAllows for free trade and free enterprisePeople can work where they want or start their own businessOther InfoEach of the 26 states has its own constitution and legislatureVote for governor and legislatureNational Congress = 2 housesChamber of Deputies = 8-70 representative from each state electedFederal Senate = 3 senators elected
4 Mexico Federal Republic Very similar structure to the United States Variety of political partiesPresident – Head of government & Chief of StateElected by the peopleServes a 6 year termIs only allowed to serve 1 termHas much more power than the other branches of governmentVoting RequirementsCitizens vote at the local and national levelMANDATORY voting once you turn 18.
5 Personal Freedoms Granted to Citizens Freedom of Speech and AssemblyThe court system is managed by the central government.It is NOT totally independent of the President.Basic EconomicsAllows for free trade and free enterprisePeople can work where they want or start their own businessOther InfoMexico has 31 statesLegislative (lawmaking) branch has 2 parts, the Senate and the Chamber of DeputiesSenate: 128 members; serve 6 year termsChamber of Deputies: 500 members; serve 3 yearsMexicans also vote for state governors (6 years) and city mayors (3 years).
6 Cuba Unitary Socialist Republic Dictatorship Technically a PresidentHead of Government & Chief of StateHas absolute authorityServes a 5 year term Elected by the legislatureRaul Castro = DictatorFidel Castro’s brother, Raul, assumed duties when Castro fell ill in 2006Voting RequirementsVoters only have 1 political party to choose from The Communist PartyMANDATORY voting in elections beginning at age 16.
7 Personal FreedomsDictator controls ALL aspects of Cuban life through the Communist PartyCitizens can be put in prison for criticizing the Communist Party or the “President”Basic EconomicsNo free trade or free enterpriseCommand System Government owns and controls everythingOther InfoNational Assembly – 1 house legislature of 600 membersMeets two times a year and is lead by the president (Castro)Appoints the Council of State which has 31 membersControls the economy with the Communist PartyVoters in the 14 Cuban provinces elect members of the municipal assemblies - who choose members for the provincial assembliesMembers of both assemblies server for 2 1/2 years - unpaid