Presentation on theme: "EQ: What were the causes and effects of Texas’ fight for independence?"— Presentation transcript:
1 EQ: What were the causes and effects of Texas’ fight for independence? Friday, March 14th, 2014Explain three historical facts you learned yesterday about the Oregon Trail that you could include in your dairy!EQ: What were the causes and effects of Texas’ fight for independence?
2 Objective and Scales:The student will be able to summarize the causes and effects of the Texas War for Independence with 80% accuracyWhere does today’s objective fit into our UNIT LEARNING GOAL SCALE?Objective MWhat do you need to be able to accomplish with objective M to reach MASTERY LEVEL or SCALE EVEREST?TOC: Pg. 93: Texas Independence Cornell Notes
3 1. Vocabulary Stephen Austin-led a group of 300 Americans into Texas Dictatorship-one person ruleSiege-attracts in which one force surrounds a city or fortSam Houston-led a surprise attack against Santa Anna’s armyAnnex-incorporate or add on toJames K. Polk-President during Mexican-American War
4 2. Conflict in TexasAfter Mexico became independent from Spain in 1821, thousands of Americans flooded into TexasThis soon caused a conflict with the Mexican GovernmentThe new settlers were Protestants, not following Mexico’s Roman Catholic ChurchAlso, Americans had brought slaves with them from the South and Mexico had abolished slaveryIn 1830, Mexico banned further American settlementBut…..Americans kept moving into Texas
5 3. Declaring Independence I will not live under a dictator!In 1833, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna became president of MexicoHe wanted a strong central government so he overturned Mexico’s democratic constitution and started a dictatorshipStephen Austin (who was living in Texas) urged Texans to revolt against the Mexican governmentIn 1836, Texans declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas
6 4. Remember the ALAMO!!!!Santa Anna responded with force, his troops laid siege on the Alamo which was a mission in San AntonioThe Americans held out for 12 days under heavy cannon fire from Anna’s troopsBut, the Mexican forces overran the AlamoAll the Americans were captured and executedThe bravery and courage of the Alamo defenders inspired many Americans to volunteer for the Texan ArmyThe commander of the Texan Army was Sam Houston and in April of 1836 he led a small army in a surprise attach against Mexican forces in San JacintoWithin 18 minutes the Americans had captured Santa Anna and forced him to sign a treaty recognizing Texas’ Independence from Mexico
7 5. Republic of TexasSam Houston became president of the new Republic of TexasHe hoped the US would annex or incorporate Texas into the UnionBut support for this was divided…why?Southerners supported annexation of Texas as a slave state, Northerners opposed this, but still hoped for westward expansionPresidents Jackson and Martin Van Buren refused to support annexation fearing it would cause a huge fight and divide the Union
8 6. Annexing Texas and Oregon Congress voted for admission of Texas as a state in 1845President Polk negotiated a treaty with Britain to divide Oregon at the 49 degrees North.Britain received the Northern part of the Oregon Country and U.S. received the southern part (eventually to become the states of WA, OR, and part of ID)The annexation of Texas increased tensions with MexicoMexico never fully recognized the independence of Texas because Santa Anna was forced to sign itMexico’s government claimed that the Southern boundary of Texas was the Nueces River while Polk claimed it was the Rio GrandeWar with MEXICO IS COMING!!!!
9 Summary and Progress Chart Describes the causes of Mexico’s fight for Independence and how they will led the US to war with MexicoComplete progress chart for objective M