2Mining, like every occupation or activity comes with inherent hazards.
3It’s obvious then that the first step must be to recognize the hazard! A primary goal of any safety action is to remove, reduce, or otherwise manage hazards.It’s obvious then that the first step must be to recognize the hazard!What you can’t see CAN hurt you!
4Hazard Factors to Recognize EnvironmentalEquipment/FacilityHumanManagement
5Environmental Factors NoiseVibrationTemperature ExtremesIlluminationWeather ConditionsConfined SpaceExplosive or Toxic GasesGeological
6Equipment/ Facility Factors GuardsPoorly MaintainedDefectsArrangement of EquipmentWarning Signs and SignalsPoor or Substandard ConstructionImproper Storage
7Human Factors Inadequate Training Insufficient Skill Fatigue Physical AbilitiesHealthMotivationAttitude
8Management Factors Time Allotted for Task Production Pressures Assignment of ResponsibilityImproper Equipment ProvidedInsufficient Funds Allocated
9Many times hazards may be easy to recognize. Other times they are more subtle and difficult to recognize in complex and evolving mining operations.
10Recognizing hazards requires a thorough understanding of: The Overall Mining Process.Each Individual Operation.Other Workers and Their Capabilities.The Changing Nature of the Equipment.While this requires much experience to accomplish well, bad habits can just as easily develop when the experienced worker successfully ignores hazards without consequences.
11Hazard Recognition Skills can be developed by thoroughly integrating them into: Job Descriptions and ExpectationsTask TrainingPre-shift InspectionsPerformance ReviewsDisciplinary Actions
12Many types of hazards in mining are suggested by topics required or suggested by Part 46 and 48 Refresher Training.Changes at the mine that affect health and safety.Applicable health and safety requirements.Physical and health hazards of chemicals.Transportation controls and communication systems.Escape and emergency evacuation plans.Firewarning and firefighting.Ground conditions and control.Traffic patterns and control.Working in areas of highwalls.Water hazards, pits, and spoil banks.Illumination and night work.First aid.Electrical hazards.Explosives.Respiratory devices.Hazards associated with equipment used at the mine.Maintenance and repair.Hand tools and welding equipment.Material handling.Fall prevention and protection.Working around moving objects (machine guarding).
13While it is extremely important to identify hazards in the planning stage of mining tasks…
14Hazards are not static, they change over time as environmental, equipment, human, and management factors change!
15Hazard Recognition is a never ending necessity at all stages and levels in each and every task!
16SummaryHazard Recognition involves the following factorsEnvironmentalEquipment / FacilitiesHumanManagementRecognizing Hazards requires an understanding ofThe Overall Mining ProcessEach Individual OperationOther Workers and Their CapabilitiesChanging Nature of EquipmentHazard Recognition is an ongoing process as hazards change over time.
17Review Questions (Answers on the next slide) Match the example with the type of Hazard Factor it best represents:Insufficient skill 1. EnvironmentalDefects 2. Equipment / FacilityTime allotted for task 3. HumanNoise ManagementAttitudeWhich of the following statements about Hazard Recognition is most accurate?Hazards are always easy to recognize.Experienced miners always recognize hazards.Hazard Recognition skills can be developed.Topics in MSHA-required training do not address hazards of mining.All hazards can be recognized in the planning stage of tasks.Recognizing hazards requires a thorough understanding of which of the following? (more than one answer is correct)The Changing Nature of the EquipmentEach Individual OperationThe Overall Mining ProcessStatistical AnalysisOther Workers and Their Capabilities
18Answers to the Review Questions Match the example with the type of Hazard Factor it best represents:a. (3) Insufficient skill = Human Factorb. (2) Defects = Equipment Factorc. (4) Time allotted for task = Management Factord. (1) Noise = Environmental Factore. (3) Attitude = Human FactorWhich of the following statements about Hazard Recognition is most accurate?c. Hazard Recognition skills can be developed.Recognizing hazards requires a thorough understanding of which of the following? (more than one answer is correct).a. The Changing Nature of the Equipmentb. Each Individual Operationc. The Overall Mining Processd. Other Workers and Their Capabilities
19ReferencesTextGrayson, R. Larry (2001). Hazard Identification, Risk Management, and Hazard Control. In Michael Karmis (Ed.), Mine Safety and Health Management (pp ). Littleton, Colorado: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.North, Carol and Patricia Laing. Public Employee Safety and Health Management. National Safety Council, 1990.
20References Figures and Illustrations Microsoft Clip Gallery Version 5.0, Microsoft Corporation, 1998Rohrer’s Quarry, Inc., Randy E. Newcomer,