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INSTITUTIONAL HYGIENE Promotion of Safety and Health in the Workplace.

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Presentation on theme: "INSTITUTIONAL HYGIENE Promotion of Safety and Health in the Workplace."— Presentation transcript:

1 INSTITUTIONAL HYGIENE Promotion of Safety and Health in the Workplace

2 GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE Public Law 91-596, Section 5(a) states: Employers shall furnish to each employee, employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or is likely to cause death or serious harm to their employees.

3 GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE Public Law 91-596, Section 5(b) states: Each employee shall comply with Occupational Safety and Health Act standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to the OSHA act, which are applicable to his/her own actions and conduct.

4 INSTITUTIONAL HYGIENE Anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of environmental factors or stresses (hazards) arising in or from the workplace which may cause injury, impaired health or well-being, or significant discomfort among employees.

5 DEFINITIONS Safety - Endeavors to assure all possible is being done to prevent occupational injury or illness to the College’s human resource. Hazard - An unsafe condition or an unsafe act by employees.

6 CLASSES OF HAZARDS Air Contaminates Particulates - Dusts, Mists, Fumes, Aerosols, and Fibers. Gases and Vapors - Microscopic, Atomic, or Molecular Sized Particles.

7 CLASSES OF HAZARDS Chemicals Chemical exposure is not necessarily hazardous. The degree of exposure determines the degree of the hazard and is a function of: –Toxicity or action on the body. –Rate or intensity of the exposure. –Duration of the exposure. –Susceptibility of the person to the chemical.

8 CLASSES OF HAZARDS Biological Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, and other living organisms that cause infections. Greatest contributor to lost work time is respiratory infection. Usually caused by viruses or bacteria. Allergies are generally biologically induced.

9 CLASSES OF HAZARDS Physical Noise (unappreciated sound) Slipping, tripping, and falling Extreme temperatures Vibrations Electrical Unnatural, awkward, or unstable positions Kinetic or potential energy Extended excessive force

10 CLASSES OF HAZARDS Ergonomic Body posture Injurious lighting Repetitive motion Improper lifting and carrying Continued force Overhead work Confined spaces

11 TYPICAL HAZARDS Physical Actions Excessive force Awkward position Unstable position Repetitive motion Deviated appendages Poor posture Heavy lifting Pushing or pulling Slick surfaces Improper Carrying Mash or Squeeze Sharp Objects Falling Objects Extended Near Focus Obscured Vision Pinched Grip Extended Exertion Extreme Temperatures

12 TYPICAL HAZARDS Equipment Improper controls Inaccessible switches Lock/out required Potential energy Electrical hazards Sliding or rolling Inadequate tools Improper or no PPE Machine controlled Guards missing Poor state of repair Vibrating Noise

13 TYPICAL HAZARDS Materials Toxic (poisonous) Flammable Combustible Reactive Carcinogen Corrosive Irritant Sensitizer Mutagen Teratogen Bulky to handle Hot or cold

14 TYPICAL HAZARDS Conditions Inadequate lighting Inadequate air quality Uncomfortable temperatures Adverse weather Stress (job related) Slipping or tripping

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