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THE EUKARYOTIC CELL IS LIKE A _________________. THE EUKARYOTIC CELL IS LIKE A FACTORY.

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Presentation on theme: "THE EUKARYOTIC CELL IS LIKE A _________________. THE EUKARYOTIC CELL IS LIKE A FACTORY."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE EUKARYOTIC CELL IS LIKE A _________________

2 THE EUKARYOTIC CELL IS LIKE A FACTORY

3 Cell Wall (plants only) LOCATION: outside of cell membrane in plant cells STRUCTURE: rigid, porous; made of cellulose FUNCTION: provides support and protection for cell

4 Cell Wall (plants only) The cell wall is like the walls of a factory because they both provide surrounding structure.

5 Cytoplasm LOCATION: fills interior of cell between cell membrane and nucleus STRUCTURE: viscous fluid FUNCTION: provides structure and transport

6 Cytoplasm The cytoplasm is like the floor of a factory because they both fill the space inside.

7 Cell Membrane LOCATION: outside barrier of cell STRUCTURE: lipid bi-layer FUNCTION: allows materials into and out of cell; provides support

8 Cell Membrane The cell membrane is like the doors and windows of a factory because they both allow things in and out.

9 Cytoskeleton LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: network of protein filaments FUNCTION: provides support and transport; involved in cell movement

10 Cytoskeleton The cytoskeleton is like the support beams in a factory because they both provide extra support.

11 Nucleus LOCATION: towards center of cell STRUCTURE: large membrane-enclosed structure that contains the genetic material FUNCTION: Control Center of cell; contains instructions for all cell functions

12 Nucleus The nucleus is like the main office of a factory because they both control what is happening.

13 Mitochondria LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: enclosed by two membranes, inner membrane is folded FUNCTION: Power Plant of cell; convert chemical energy stored in food into useful compounds

14 Mitochondria The mitochondria are like the power lines in a factory because they both provide energy.

15 Chloroplasts (plants only) LOCATION: Throughout plant cells STRUCTURE: surrounded by two membranes, contains chlorophyll FUNCTION: Captures energy from Sunlight, and converts it into chemical energy

16 Chloroplasts (plants only) The chloroplasts are like solar cells in a factory because they both provide energy from sunlight.

17 Ribosomes LOCATION: on rough endoplasmic reticulum and free-floating in cell STRUCTURE: small particles of RNA and protein FUNCTION: Protein factory in cell; assemble proteins

18 Ribosomes The ribosomes are like the machines of a factory because they both make parts.

19 Endoplasmic Reticulum LOCATION: surrounding nucleus STRUCTURE: highly folded membrane network FUNCTION: assembles lipid, protein and other molecules

20 Endoplasmic Reticulum The endoplasmic reticulum is like the assembly line of a factory because they both put parts together.

21 Golgi Apparatus LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: stacks of sac-like membranes FUNCTION: modify, sort, and package materials form ER for storage or secretion

22 Golgi Apparatus The Golgi apparatus is like the shipping area of a factory because they both package and ship materials.

23 Vacuoles LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: Sac-like structure FUNCTION: storage

24 Vacuoles The vacuoles are like storage areas in a factory because they both store things.

25 Lysosomes LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: small sac-like membranes containing digestive enzymes FUNCTION: break down waste materials in cell

26 Lysosomes The lysosomes are like the clean-up crews in a factory because they both get rid of waste.

27 Cell

28 Cell Factory Lysosomes Cell Wall Cell Membrane Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Nucleus Chloroplasts Mitochondria Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Apparatus Ribosomes Vacuole

29 Your Turn!! Assignment: Complete the chart for your cell metaphor, then draw and label a picture of your cell metaphor. A eukaryotic cell is like a _______________ Suggestions: Restaurant School City Nation Farm Aircraft Carrier


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