3 Cell Wall (plants only) LOCATION: outside of cell membrane in plant cellsSTRUCTURE: rigid, porous; made of celluloseFUNCTION: provides support and protection for cell
4 Cell Wall (plants only) The cell wall is like the walls of a factory because they both provide surrounding structure.
5 CytoplasmLOCATION: fills interior of cell between cell membrane and nucleusSTRUCTURE: viscous fluidFUNCTION: provides structure and transport
6 CytoplasmThe cytoplasm is like the floor of a factory because they both fill the space inside.
7 Cell Membrane LOCATION: outside barrier of cell STRUCTURE: lipid bi-layerFUNCTION: allows materials into and out of cell; provides support
8 Cell MembraneThe cell membrane is like the doors and windows of a factory because they both allow things in and out.
9 Cytoskeleton LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: network of protein filamentsFUNCTION: provides support and transport; involved in cell movement
10 CytoskeletonThe cytoskeleton is like the support beams in a factory because they both provide extra support.
11 Nucleus LOCATION: towards center of cell STRUCTURE: large membrane-enclosed structure that contains the genetic materialFUNCTION: “Control Center” of cell; contains instructions for all cell functions
12 NucleusThe nucleus is like the main office of a factory because they both control what is happening.
13 Mitochondria LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: enclosed by two membranes, inner membrane is foldedFUNCTION: “Power Plant” of cell; convert chemical energy stored in food into useful compounds
14 MitochondriaThe mitochondria are like the power lines in a factory because they both provide energy.
15 Chloroplasts (plants only) LOCATION: Throughout plant cellsSTRUCTURE: surrounded by two membranes, contains chlorophyllFUNCTION: Captures energy fromSunlight, and converts it into chemicalenergy
16 Chloroplasts (plants only) The chloroplasts are like solar cells in a factory because they both provide energy from sunlight.
17 RibosomesLOCATION: on rough endoplasmic reticulum and free-floating in cellSTRUCTURE: small particles of RNA and proteinFUNCTION: Protein “factory” in cell; assemble proteins
18 RibosomesThe ribosomes are like the machines of a factory because they both make parts.
19 Endoplasmic Reticulum LOCATION: surrounding nucleusSTRUCTURE: highly folded membrane networkFUNCTION: assembles lipid, protein and other molecules
20 Endoplasmic Reticulum The endoplasmic reticulum is like the assembly line of a factory because they both put parts together.
21 Golgi Apparatus LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: stacks of sac-like membranesFUNCTION: modify, sort, and package materials form ER for storage or secretion
22 Golgi ApparatusThe Golgi apparatus is like the shipping area of a factory because they both package and ship materials.
23 Vacuoles LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: Sac-like structure FUNCTION: storage
24 VacuolesThe vacuoles are like storage areas in a factory because they both store things.
25 Lysosomes LOCATION: throughout cell STRUCTURE: small sac-like membranes containing digestive enzymesFUNCTION: break down waste materials in cell
26 LysosomesThe lysosomes are like the clean-up crews in a factory because they both get rid of waste.
29 Your Turn!!Assignment: Complete the chart for your cell metaphor, then draw and label a picture of your cell metaphor.A eukaryotic cell is like a _______________Suggestions:RestaurantSchoolCityNationFarmAircraft Carrier