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Unit 1Computer Basics Lesson 5 Input, Output, and Storage.

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1 Unit 1Computer Basics Lesson 5 Input, Output, and Storage

2 Computer Concepts BASICS - 2 Objectives Identify and describe the most common input devices. Identify and describe the most common output devices. Identify and describe storage devices. Identify and describe how input and output devices are connected to the computer.

3 Computer Concepts BASICS - 3 Input and Output Devices Input devices enable a user to input data and commands to the computer to be processed. Output devices enable the computer to give or show you the results of its processing. Some devices can perform both input and output operations.

4 Computer Concepts BASICS - 4 Input DevicesThe Keyboard The keyboard is the most widely used input device. As you press keys on the keyboard, an electrical signal representing that key is sent to the computer. Keyboards are divided into sections.

5 Computer Concepts BASICS - 5 Input DevicesThe Keyboard (cont.) Typewriter keys: The standard alphabetic and numeric characters you would find on a typewriter Function keys: Special keys that perform some specific function for the application being run Numeric keypad: Used for mathematical operations Directional keys: Used to move the cursor around the screen

6 Computer Concepts BASICS - 6 Input DevicesThe Mouse The mouse performs the following functions: Pointing: Placing the on-screen pointer at a specific place Clicking: Pressing and releasing the mouse button Dragging: Holding down the mouse button and dragging an object to a new location by dragging the mouse Double-clicking: Pressing and releasing the mouse button twice very quickly Right-clicking: Pressing the right mouse button

7 Computer Concepts BASICS - 7 Other Pointing Devices (cont.) Joystick and wheel: Joysticks consist of a metal or plastic handle mounted on a base that you can move in any direction to move the pointer or other object. These typically are used for video games. Most have buttons that can be pushed or clicked to control input/output.

8 Computer Concepts BASICS - 8 Other Input Devices Pointing stick: A pressure-sensitive device that resembles a pencil eraser; found mostly on notebook computers Graphics tablet: A flat drawing surface connected to the computer The user draws on the surface, and the figures or writing on the tablet can be input to the computer for processing.

9 Computer Concepts BASICS - 9 Other Input Devices (cont.) Touch display: Screens that contain pictures or shapes that the user can press to input that data Stylus/digital pen: Used with mobile devices to input data Touchpad: Used mostly in laptop/notebook computers

10 Computer Concepts BASICS - 10 Other Input Devices (cont.) Audio/voice input: Inputting sound and/or voice These usually require a microphone and special voice recognition software to be installed on the computer.

11 Computer Concepts BASICS - 11 Other Input Devices (cont.) Scanners: Devices that can convert a graphical image into a digital image and input it to the computer Types of scanners include Image scanners for scanning images and text Bar code scanners to read product bar codes Magnetic scanners to read the magnetic strip on a credit card

12 Computer Concepts BASICS - 12 Other Input Devices (cont.) Digital cameras: Used to take pictures and store them on a magnetic disk instead of on film Their images can be input directly into the computer. Video input: Input from a camcorder or VCR using video capture cards

13 Computer Concepts BASICS - 13 Other Input Devices (cont.) Biometric input: Uses fingerprint, face, handwriting, and voice for identification

14 Which of the following is NOT a computer input device? Computer Concepts BASICS Mouse 2. Keyboard 3. Printer 4. Microphone Countdown 10

15 Computer Concepts BASICS - 15 Magnetic Storage Devices Floppy disks: Small, portable disks that hold a limited amount of data Hard disks: Large-capacity and fast-access storage devices Zip disks: Auxiliary storage devices that can hold large quantities of data and can be portable Magnetic tape drives: Used for making system backups and storing large quantities of data

16 Computer Concepts BASICS - 16 Optical Storage Devices CD-DA: Audio CD CD-R: This drive allows you to read and to write to a compact disk CD-ROM: Can hold large amounts of data, but is read-only access

17 Computer Concepts BASICS - 17 Optical Storage Devices (cont.) CD-RW: Can be written on several times DVD-ROM: Read-only DVD format DVD-R: Similar to CD, but holds more data; read-only DVD-RW: Can be written on several times Blu-ray: High capacity DVD

18 Computer Concepts BASICS - 18 Solid-State Storage Media Non-volatile removable media Miniature mobile media Uses integrated circuits USB flash drive Connects to the computer via a USB port

19 The Cloud Data is stored on a remote server Initial space is often free with upgrades for a fee Examples: Google Drive, iCloud, SugarSync, Amazon EC2, Microsoft Advantages & Disadvantages Computer Concepts BASICS - 19

20 Computer Concepts BASICS - 20 Caring for Storage Media To safeguard your data from damage, follow these tips when dealing with removable media: Keep away from magnetic fields. Avoid extreme temperatures. Remove media from drive when not being used.

21 Computer Concepts BASICS - 21 Caring for Storage Media (cont.) Tips for dealing with storage media (cont.) Hold optical disks at their edges. Never remove the media from the drive if the access light is on. Use Safely Remove Hardware icon before ejecting USB devices Keep disks in a sturdy case when transporting them.

22 A DVD is classified as what type of storage? Computer Concepts BASICS Optical 2. Magnetic 3. Solid state Countdown 10

23 To which of the following could you write data multiple times? Computer Concepts BASICS DVD-ROM 2. CD-RW 3. CD-R 4. CD-DA Countdown 10

24 Computer Concepts BASICS - 24 Output DevicesMonitors Monitors are used to display video output to a user. Monitors may be monochromatic or color. Monochromatic monitors display output in a single-color display.

25 Computer Concepts BASICS - 25 Output DevicesMonitors (cont.) Factors that influence the quality of a monitor Screen size: The diagonal measurement in inches of the display area Resolution: The number of pixels that can be displayed in the display area Dot pitch: The distance between each pixel in the display area

26 Computer Concepts BASICS - 26 Typical Computer Monitor This figure shows a typical computer monitor on a swivel stand that can be adjusted for viewing comfort. LCD Gas plasma

27 Computer Concepts BASICS - 27 Output DevicesPrinters Printers are used to create a hard copy of a document or image. Printers vary by speed, quality, and price.

28 Computer Concepts BASICS - 28 Output DevicesPrinters (cont.) The most popular types of printers are Laser: Produce images using the same techniques as copier machines Ink jet: Use fine nozzles to spray ink onto the page as the paper passes through Dot matrix: Work similarly to a typewriter in that ink is transferred to the paper by some part of the printer striking a ribbon to transfer an image Dot matrix

29 Computer Concepts BASICS - 29 Laser Printer This figure provides an overview of a laser printer.

30 Computer Concepts BASICS - 30 Ink Jet Printer This figure provides an overview of an ink jet printer.

31 Computer Concepts BASICS - 31 Other Types of Output Devices Speakers and headsets Fax machines and fax modems Multifunctional devices Contain a variation of output options Data projectors

32 Which of the following is NOT an output device? Computer Concepts BASICS Printer 2. Modem 3. Scanner 4. Speaker Countdown 10

33 Computer Concepts BASICS - 33 Connecting I/O Devices to the Computer Input and output devices must be connected to the computer before they can be used. Connecting I/O devices to the computer: Plug the device into an existing socket or port on the back of the computer. Install an expansion card with the port you need included on the back of the card. Connect wirelessly.

34 Computer Concepts BASICS - 34 Summary Input devices enable you to input data and commands into the computer. The most common input devices are the keyboard and mouse. Other types of input devices include trackball, joystick and wheel, pointing stick, graphics tablet, touch display screen, stylus, voice recognition devices, touchpad, scanner, digital camera, video input, and biometric input.

35 Computer Concepts BASICS - 35 Summary (cont.) To maintain a permanent copy of data, you should store it on some type of storage medium. The three categories of storage media are magnetic storage, optical storage, and solid-state storage. Monitors and printers are examples of output devices.

36 Computer Concepts BASICS - 36 Summary (cont.) Monitors produce soft copy. Printers are used to produce a paper or hard copy of the processed result. Criteria for selecting a printer include speed, print quality, and cost. Input and output devices must be physically connected to the computer.

37 Computer Concepts BASICS - 37 Summary (cont.) Some input devices communicate with the computer through a physical connection. Wireless devices communicate with the computer through infrared or radio waves.

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