Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Lesson 2 Input, Output, and Processing Computer Literacy BASICS: A Comprehensive Guide to IC 3, 3 rd Edition Morrison / Wells.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Lesson 2 Input, Output, and Processing Computer Literacy BASICS: A Comprehensive Guide to IC 3, 3 rd Edition Morrison / Wells."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Lesson 2 Input, Output, and Processing Computer Literacy BASICS: A Comprehensive Guide to IC 3, 3 rd Edition Morrison / Wells

2 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 222 Objectives Identify and describe standard and specialized input devices. Identify and describe standard and specialized output devices. Identify and describe how input and output devices are connected to the computer. Consider computer performance factors.

3 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 333 Vocabulary audio input biometrics digital camera expansion slot FireWire inkjet printer input keyboard laser printer modem monitor mouse

4 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 444 Vocabulary (continued) output plug-and-play pointing device port printer scanner trackball Universal Serial Bus (USB)

5 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 555 Introduction Input, which is data or instructions, must be entered into the computer and then stored on a storage media device. To turn the data into information, the CPU process the data. After data is processed, it is presented to the user through an output device.

6 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 666 Standard Input Devices Input devices enable you to enter data and commands into the computer. Keyboard: Most commonly used input device. Besides a traditional keyboard, popular types include: – Security – Foldable or flexible – Laser virtual keyboard

7 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Standard Input Devices Other types of Keyboards: 7 – Ergonomic – Provides a more natural, comfortable hand, wrist, and arm position – Cordless or wireless – Specialized

8 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Mouse: Most commonly used pointing device. Types include: 888 Standard Input Devices (continued) Pointing Devices: An input device that allows you to position the pointer on the screen. – Mechanical – Optomechanical – Optical- detects movement with a laser – Wireless Optical mouse

9 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 999 Standard Input Devices (continued) Trackball: A pointing device that works like a mouse turned upside down; the ball is on top, operated by your thumb and fingers. Touchpad: Common feature on laptops; a specialized surface that converts the motion and position of your fingers to a position on the screen.

10 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 10 Standard Input Devices (continued) Pointing Stick: A pressure-sensitive device located on the keyboard of many notebook computers and moved with the forefinger. Looks like a pencil eraser Audio Input: The process of inputting sound into the computer, including speech, sound effects, and music.

11 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Standard Output Devices Output is data that has been processed into a useful format. Output devices display information. 11 Monitors: Display device for a desktop computer. Varieties include CRT, LCD(liquid crystal display), and gas plasma. CRT monitor

12 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Standard Output Devices (continued) Printers: Used to produce a paper or hard copy of the processing result. Consider speed (pages per minute), print quality(dpi or dots per inch), and price when choosing. Laser Printers: Produces high-quality output using the same technology as copier machines. 12

13 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Standard Output Devices (continued) Inkjet Printers: Uses a nonimpact process to provide good- quality color printing for less expense than a laser printer. Speakers: Generate sound such as music. Individuals can use headsets or earphones to hear privately. 13

14 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 14 Specialized Input Devices Digital Cameras: Pictures are stored digitally and then transferred to the computers memory. 14 Game Controllers: Joysticks and wheels are most often used for games. Joystick

15 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 15 Specialized Input Devices (continued) Scanners/Bar Code Readers: Can change images into codes for input into the computer. Various types include: – Image scanners – Bar code scanners – Magnetic scanners – Wireless scanners – Optical character recognition (OCR) and optical mark recognition (OMR) 15 Optical scanner

16 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Touch Display Screen: Special screen with pictures or shapes; you use your fingers to make selections. Stylus: Pen-like writing instruments to input information to a PDA or other mobile device. 16 Specialized Input Devices (continued) 16

17 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 17 Specialized Input Devices (continued) Environmental Probes and Sensors: Used with a Web browser to monitor elements of the work area such as humidity, pollution, or security. Remote Controls: Used for televisions, lights, and fans as well as for industry and business applications. 17

18 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 18 Specialized Input Devices (continued) Security Devices: Biometric devices consist of a reader or scanning device and software that converts the scanned information into a digital format. The way biometric technology works: – Enrollment: User establishes baseline measurement – Submission: User presents proof of identity – Verification: System compares samples 18

19 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 19 Specialized Input Devices (continued) Virtual Devices: Use the synchronized positioning of light- emitting and sensing devices to detect user input; for example, a virtual computer keyboard. 19

20 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 20 Specialized Input Devices (continued) Touch-Sensitive Pads: On a portable device, enable you to scroll through a list and make choices. Input Devices for the Physically Challenged: Various special devices are available that can be operated in different ways, such as a keyboard that can be operated with the feet. 20

21 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 21 Specialized Output Devices Projectors: Mostly used for presentations. Fax machines and fax modems: Transmit and receive documents through phone lines or computer. Multifunction printer: Combines various output options such as printing, scanning, and copying. Control devices/robots: Robotics is the study, design, and use of robot systems for manufacturing. 21

22 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 22 Specialized Output Devices (continued) Specialized Printers: Line printer: High-speed printer attached primarily to large computers. Thermal: Forms characters by heating paper. Mobile: Small, battery-powered printer. Label and postage: Prints labels, including postage, on adhesive-type paper. Plotters/large-format: For drawing and drafting output; used by engineers, architects, and artists. 22

23 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 23 Specialized Output Devices (continued) Output Devices for the Physically Challenged: Various special devices are available: – Screen magnifiers: Enlarge information on the computer screen. – Screen readers: Use speech synthesizers to read content for people who are blind or visually impaired. – Voice synthesizers: A voice changes written computer text into synthetic speech. 23

24 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Connecting Input and Output Devices to the Computer Ports and Connectors: A port, or jack, is an interface to which a peripheral device attaches to or communicates with the system unit. Besides traditional, FireWire, and USB ports, special- purpose ports include SCSI, IrDA, and Bluetooth. 24

25 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 25 Connecting Input and Output Devices to the Computer (continued) Hardware Installation: For most hardware devices to work, they need a set of instructions that communicates with the computers operating system, called a driver. If the operating system already contains the driver, it performs an automatic plug-and- play installation for newly connected devices. 25

26 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E Computer Performance Factors A variety of factors affect a computers performance: – Microprocessor: The higher the generation, the faster and better the processing speed. – Random access memory (RAM): Helps increase the processing cycle and enhance performance. – Hard disk: Bigger and faster process data faster. – Video: Can enhance or slow down performance. 26

27 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 27 Summary In this lesson, you learned: Input devices enable you to input data and commands into the computer. The most common input devices are the keyboard and mouse. Other types of input devices include the trackball, joystick, wheel, pointing stick, graphics tablet, touch display screen, stylus, voice recognition devices, touchpad, scanner, digital camera, video input, and biometric input. 27

28 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 28 Summary (continued) Monitors and printers are examples of output devices. Monitors produce soft copy. Printers are used to produce a paper or hard copy of the processed result. Criteria for selecting a printer include speed, print quality, and cost. 28

29 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 29 Summary (continued) Input and output devices must be connected to the computer. Some input and output devices communicate with the computer through a physical connection. Wireless devices communicate with the computer through infrared or radio waves. Peripheral devices are connected to the computer through serial, parallel, and Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports. USB is a newer standard expected to replace serial and parallel ports. 29

30 Lesson 2 Morrison / WellsCLB: A Comp Guide to IC 3 3E 30 Summary (continued) FireWire is a type of external bus that can connect up to 63 external devices. SCSI, IrDA, and Bluetooth are special- purpose ports. A computers performance is affected by the speed of the processor, the amount of RAM, hard disk size and speed, capability of monitor, and disk organization. 30


Download ppt "1 Lesson 2 Input, Output, and Processing Computer Literacy BASICS: A Comprehensive Guide to IC 3, 3 rd Edition Morrison / Wells."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google