Presentation on theme: "Ancient Coin Project created by Latin teacher Cathy Scaife for"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ancient Coin Project created by Latin teacher Cathy Scaife for Photo by Doug Smith;Ancient Coin Projectcreated by Latin teacher Cathy Scaife forAncient Coins for Educationclassroom attribution project.
2 Part II Production of Roman Coins Photo by Doug Smith;Ancient Coin ProjectPart IIProduction of Roman Coins
3 The Making of a Coin: ---authority to issue and guarantee coin’s worth ---possession of metal---ability to refine metal to desired purity---tools/techniques to fabricate coin frommetal
5 Ability to Refine Metals (Pliny, Natural History Bk. XXXIII) Alloy: the mixing of precious metals with basemetals to create a usable materialElectrum: natural alloy of gold and silverBronze: alloy of copper and tinSilverGold (rare)
6 Juno Moneta Tools and Techniques to Mint a Coin Roman goddess of the mint---a temple toJuno Moneta wasdedicated on the citadelof Rome In 344 B.C.---an adjoining buildingcontained the mint ofRoman state.
11 Striking: Making a Flan ancient coin moldfunnel-shaped bronze for pouring liquid metal into cast
12 Striking: Making of a Flan ---cabo de barro (cob style) cookie dough style(chiseling the end off a rod)Severus Alexander---hammering a bronze wire
13 The Making of a Coin: Tools/techniques to fabricate coin from metal ---flan---dies (obverse & reverse)---tongs---striking process---coin rotationMedieval Striking Rig(but set up is similar to aRoman rig)
16 Much Slave Labor Required Celatores (signatores) = die engravers cut master die from which working dies were made; dies lasted for 10,000 – 50,000 strikesSuppostores = “placers”Malleatores = “strikers”
19 Modern Die and HubAmerican NumismaticAssociation Museum,Colorado Springs
20 The Making of a Coin: Tools/techniques to fabricate coin from metal ---flan---dies (obverse & reverse)---tongs---striking process---coin rotationMedieval Striking Rig(but set up is similar to aRoman rig)
21 Coin DenominationsRoman denominationsduring the Republic
22 Obverse (“heads”)CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES“Constantius Nobilissimus Caesar”Reverse (“tails”)GENIO POPVLI ROMANI“to the genius of the Roman people”
24 Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia PotestasImperatorPater Patriae“Caesar Augustus Nero Claudius, High Priest and Ruler of Rome andGermany, Supreme Commander of the armies of Rome, the father of his country, leader of the Triumviratefor as long as he shall live.”
25 Gold Coins: Fine Coin Craftsmanship Plantation Place, England
26 The Kentucky Quarter What similarities and differences do you see with ancient coins?
27 GOOFSBrockage: the result of a coin sticking in a die when a second coin gets struck.
28 GOOFS Clashed Dies: Dies are hammered together without a coin in place, so that the softer reverse die receives a partialimpression of the obverse.1.Clodius Albinus, AVG.from Lugdunum2.Julia Domna denarii
29 SPECIAL TECHNIQUES:Silvering: technique of soaking coins in salt water to givethem a silvery appearanceDebasement: the weakening of currency by reducing theamount of precious metal content
30 SPECIAL TECHNIQUESCountermark: Small punch mark used by a mint to retariff a coin.
31 COUNTERFEITING ?? Baked Clay Molds used for casting Roman coins made of bronze
32 COUNTERFEITING Fouree: the coating of a copper coin with a silver wash.Serrated Edges: perhapsused to prove coin was nota fouree and edges not shaved
33 Image SourcesMeshorer, Ya’akov. Coins of the Ancient World. Lerner Archaeology Series: Digging Up the Past. (Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis, 1980).Russell, Solveig Paulson. From Barter to Gold: The Story of Money. (Rand McNally & Company, Chicago, 1961).Website by Doug Smith.Website, American Numismatic Museum.Other Images donated by supporters of Ancient Coins for Education, as listed at