Presentation on theme: "Ancient Coin Project created by Latin teacher Cathy Scaife for"— Presentation transcript:
1Ancient Coin Project created by Latin teacher Cathy Scaife for Photo by Doug Smith;Ancient Coin Projectcreated by Latin teacher Cathy Scaife forAncient Coins for Educationclassroom attribution project.
2Part II Production of Roman Coins Photo by Doug Smith;Ancient Coin ProjectPart IIProduction of Roman Coins
3The Making of a Coin: ---authority to issue and guarantee coin’s worth ---possession of metal---ability to refine metal to desired purity---tools/techniques to fabricate coin frommetal
5Ability to Refine Metals (Pliny, Natural History Bk. XXXIII) Alloy: the mixing of precious metals with basemetals to create a usable materialElectrum: natural alloy of gold and silverBronze: alloy of copper and tinSilverGold (rare)
6Juno Moneta Tools and Techniques to Mint a Coin Roman goddess of the mint---a temple toJuno Moneta wasdedicated on the citadelof Rome In 344 B.C.---an adjoining buildingcontained the mint ofRoman state.
11Striking: Making a Flan ancient coin moldfunnel-shaped bronze for pouring liquid metal into cast
12Striking: Making of a Flan ---cabo de barro (cob style) cookie dough style(chiseling the end off a rod)Severus Alexander---hammering a bronze wire
13The Making of a Coin: Tools/techniques to fabricate coin from metal ---flan---dies (obverse & reverse)---tongs---striking process---coin rotationMedieval Striking Rig(but set up is similar to aRoman rig)
16Much Slave Labor Required Celatores (signatores) = die engravers cut master die from which working dies were made; dies lasted for 10,000 – 50,000 strikesSuppostores = “placers”Malleatores = “strikers”
19Modern Die and HubAmerican NumismaticAssociation Museum,Colorado Springs
20The Making of a Coin: Tools/techniques to fabricate coin from metal ---flan---dies (obverse & reverse)---tongs---striking process---coin rotationMedieval Striking Rig(but set up is similar to aRoman rig)
21Coin DenominationsRoman denominationsduring the Republic
22Obverse (“heads”)CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES“Constantius Nobilissimus Caesar”Reverse (“tails”)GENIO POPVLI ROMANI“to the genius of the Roman people”
24Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia PotestasImperatorPater Patriae“Caesar Augustus Nero Claudius, High Priest and Ruler of Rome andGermany, Supreme Commander of the armies of Rome, the father of his country, leader of the Triumviratefor as long as he shall live.”
25Gold Coins: Fine Coin Craftsmanship Plantation Place, England
26The Kentucky Quarter What similarities and differences do you see with ancient coins?
27GOOFSBrockage: the result of a coin sticking in a die when a second coin gets struck.
28GOOFS Clashed Dies: Dies are hammered together without a coin in place, so that the softer reverse die receives a partialimpression of the obverse.1.Clodius Albinus, AVG.from Lugdunum2.Julia Domna denarii
29SPECIAL TECHNIQUES:Silvering: technique of soaking coins in salt water to givethem a silvery appearanceDebasement: the weakening of currency by reducing theamount of precious metal content
30SPECIAL TECHNIQUESCountermark: Small punch mark used by a mint to retariff a coin.
31COUNTERFEITING ?? Baked Clay Molds used for casting Roman coins made of bronze
32COUNTERFEITING Fouree: the coating of a copper coin with a silver wash.Serrated Edges: perhapsused to prove coin was nota fouree and edges not shaved
33Image SourcesMeshorer, Ya’akov. Coins of the Ancient World. Lerner Archaeology Series: Digging Up the Past. (Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis, 1980).Russell, Solveig Paulson. From Barter to Gold: The Story of Money. (Rand McNally & Company, Chicago, 1961).Website by Doug Smith.Website, American Numismatic Museum.Other Images donated by supporters of Ancient Coins for Education, as listed at