Presentation on theme: "What is atomic mass? Also referred to as: Atomic weight Average atomic mass Relative atomic mass Important characteristic for elements: Each element."— Presentation transcript:
What is atomic mass? Also referred to as: Atomic weight Average atomic mass Relative atomic mass Important characteristic for elements: Each element has its own atomic mass Atomic mass Atomic mass is an average Average of the masses of a number of different atoms Special kind of average called a weighted average Different than the usual average you’re probably familiar with in math
Understanding Weighted Averages Even though these are different models and have different features, they are both lemonas due to their distinct lemon-like shape Using this analogy, the models of the lemona are similar to the isotopes of an element 29 protons makes both atoms copper—even though they differ in their numbers of neutrons Just like the “lemon-like” shape of a car makes it a lemona— even though they differ in their features
Average vs. Weighted Average What would happen if we added in extra information?
Weighted Average Because there are so many more GXs than GXLs, the weighted average is much closer to the actual weight of a lemona GX
Using Weighted Average with Different Atoms Atomic mass: a weighted average of the masses for all the isotopes of a certain element Mass = 63 amu Mass = 65 amu If we pulled out a random sample of 100 copper atoms, we would find that 69% of them would be Cu-63 and 31% of them would be Cu-65 69% : Cu-63 31% : Cu-65
Atomic Mass of Copper 69% : Cu-63 31% : Cu-65 Why are the 2 atomic masses different then?
Difference between mass number and atomic mass Mass number: protons + neutrons 1 proton or 1 neutron = 1 amu Therefore, if you have 6 protons and 6 neutrons, your atom is going to weigh 12 amu If you have 6 protons and 7 neutrons, your atom is going to weight 13 amu
Practice Gallium has 2 stable isotopes, and the masses of Gallium-69 (60.11% abundant) and Gallium-71 (39.89% abundant) are amu and amu, respectively. Calculate the average atomic mass of Gallium
Practice Rubidium has 2 isotopes: Rubidium-85 (atomic mass of amu) and Rubidium-87 (atomic mass of amu). The atomic mass of Rubidium reported on the periodic table is amu. Based on this information, which of the isotopes of Rubidium is more abundant? How do you know? This is more of a thought problem. No real calculations are really necessary
Practice Magnesium has 3 stable isotopes. Calculate its average atomic mass, using the information in the chart below. IsotopeMassAbundance Mg amu78.99 % Mg amu10.00 % Mg amu11.01 %