Presentation on theme: "Isotope Notation Isotope Notation uses a symbol to convey information about an isotope of a particular element. 23 Na 11."— Presentation transcript:
1Isotope NotationIsotope Notation uses a symbol to convey information about anisotope of a particular element.23Na11
2Isotope Notation Mass Number 23 Na 11 Atomic Number Is the number of protons plus the number of neutrons. This number tells us the kind of isotope. This number is NOT on the periodic table.Atomic NumberIs the # of protons (p+) in the atomANDThe # of electrons (e-) IF the atom is electrically neutral( i.e., not an ion).This number is on the periodic table.
3Isotope Notation 23 Na 11 23 Na+ 11 For this isotope 11 p+ + 11e- 0 net chargeFor this isotope11 p++ 10e-1+ net charge
4Isotope Notation Mass Number 23 Na 11 Atomic Number The # of protons + the # of neutronsCalculate the number of neutrons for this isotope.23 (neutrons + protons) protons = 12 neutrons
5Atomic Mass Is the weighted average mass of all the isotopes of one element in atomic mass units (amu).In other words, it is the mass of one average atom*.Two measurements are needed in order to calculate this average.The percent abundance (% abundance,) also known as how often the isotope occurs in nature.The mass of one atom of one isotope.Atomic mass is also known asWeighted Average Atomic MassAverage Atomic Mass
6Atomic Mass Here is the formula you need to know in order to calculate the average atomic mass.Average Atomic Mass =[(Mass of Isotope 1) x (% abundance of Isotope 1)]+ [(Mass of Isotope 2) x (% abundance of Isotope 2)]+ and so on for the 3rd and remaining isotopes.The average atomic mass is written on the periodic table
7Mass Number vs. Atomic Mass Mass number = # protons + # neutrons(This number is specific for one isotope.)Atomic mass = weighted average mass of all the isotopesof one element in atomic mass units (amu).(The atomic mass is on the periodic table.)