Download presentation

1
**The basics for simulations**

2
What is a Simulation? Simulation is a way to model random events, such that simulated outcomes closely match real-world outcomes. By observing simulated outcomes, researchers gain insight on the real world.

3
Why a Simulation? Some situations do not lend themselves to precise mathematical treatment. Others may be difficult, time-consuming, or expensive to analyze. In these situations, simulation may approximate real-world results; yet, require less time, effort, and/or money than other approaches.

4
**The steps to creating a Simulation**

1- Describe the possible outcomes. 2- Link each outcome to one or more random numbers. 3- Choose a source of random numbers (random # table / calculator). 4- Choose a random number. 5- Based on the random number, note the "simulated" outcome. 6- Repeat steps 4 and 5 multiple times; preferably, until the outcomes show a stable pattern. 7- Analyze the simulated outcomes and report results.

5
**1- Describe the possible outcomes.**

The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 1- Describe the possible outcomes. He gets a home run or he doesn’t. A success would be 2 homeruns in a single game and everything else would be classified as a failure because we are interested in him getting 2 homeruns in a game.

6
**2- Link each outcome to one or more random numbers.**

The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 2- Link each outcome to one or more random numbers. He is a 20% hitter so assign 01–20 as a hit and as an out. There are 100 numbers between 00 and 99 so each number represents 1%. A success is 2 homeruns in a game. A game is defined as 2 pair of random digits where each pair represents an “at bat”

7
The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 3- Choose a source of random numbers (random # table / calculator).

8
**4- Choose a random number.**

The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 4- Choose a random number. He is a 10% hitter so assign 01–10 as a hit and as an out. A success is 2 homeruns in a game. A game is defined as 2 pair of random digits. He gets 2 homeruns in a game: He does not get 2 home runs

9
The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 5- Based on the random number, note the "simulated“ outcome.

10
The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 6- Repeat steps 4 and 5 multiple times (lets run it 100 times) preferably, until the outcomes show a stable pattern.

11
The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. He is a 10% hitter so assign 01–10 as a hit and as an out.

12
**7- Analyze the simulated outcomes and report results.**

The Problem: On average, suppose a baseball player hits a home run once in every 10 times at bat, and suppose he gets exactly two "at bats" in every game. Using simulation, estimate the likelihood that the player will hit 2 home runs in a single game. 7- Analyze the simulated outcomes and report results. Find the percent of games with homeruns or success / total games where success is defined as 2 home runs in a single game. Or you can graph each result like we did with the red lights example.

13
The Problem: You want each of the pictures of Lebron, Payton and Serena. Remember last class? When you check your wallet you find you can only afford 4 boxes of cereal. What is the probability that you will get all 3 pictures? Run the simulation at least 20 times.

Similar presentations

© 2021 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google