3 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990, 1998, 2006 (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person)199019982006No Data <10% %–14% %–19% %–24% %–29% ≥30%
4 Prevalence of Overweight. Among U. S Prevalence of Overweight* Among U.S. Children and Adolescents (Aged 2 –19 Years) National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys*Sex-and age-specific BMI > 95th percentile based on the CDC growth charts.
5 The world-famous Michelangelo Statue of David is finally returning to Italy after a 12-week tour in the US.
6 Diabetes Type I-Insulin dependent Type II- Non-insulin dependent-once upon a time known as ADULT ONSET.
7 Rate of new cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youth aged <20 years, by race/ethnicity, 2002–2003<10 years10–19 yearsCDC. National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2007.Source: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth StudyNHW=Non-Hispanic whites; AA=African Americans; H=Hispanics; API=Asian/Pacific Islanders; AI=American Indians
8 2006-07 data from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12 Diabetes772Type Idata from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12(313 in grades 9-12)
9 2006-07 data from WV Public Schools Diabetes178Type IIdata from WV Public SchoolsGRADES PreK-12(102 in grades 9-12)
10 ADHD/Behavioral Disorders 2952data from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12
11 Concerns Therapy Medication administration if ordered by a prescriber. Increase in behavioral issues with high caffeine and sugar intake.Lack of inactivity after high caffeine and sugar intake.
12 AllergiesPrevalence estimates show that 2% of adults and about 5% of children in the U.S. have food allergies.About 30,000 people require emergency room treatment annually -- and nearly 200 of them die -- because of allergic reactions to food.
13 Allergies Foods that most commonly cause the reaction in children are: eggspeanutswheatmilkAsthma and Allergy Foundation of America
14 AllergiesThe 12 million Americans with food allergies should remember that food allergens can be present in unexpected places. For example, in an effort to eliminate trans fats, many vendors have started using peanut oil or soybean oil in their fryers.American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)
15 Dental Tooth decay is the number one unmet health need of children. 51 million school hours are lost each year to dental related illness.Health studies show that people with gum disease may be more at risk for:Hearth DiseaseStrokeDiabetesLow-birth weight babiesTooth decay and gum disease are caused by poor oral health and both are preventable.
16 Take Action Brush twice daily with fluoride toothpaste Limit sugary foods and drinks, especially between mealsVisit the dentist for regular checkups, before problems occurGet your child’s first dental checkup by age one
18 CA-MRSA HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING Cover wounds Community Associated-Methicillin Resistant Staphylocooccus AureusHANDWASHING… HANDWASHING… HANDWASHINGCover woundsDo not touchDo not share towels, clothes, bar soap, etc.Do not take antibiotics unless neededMore information posted at
20 Seasonal Flu Epidemics happen yearly… What is NEW? Again, HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING… HANDWASHINGYEARLY Flu VaccinationAntiviralsCover mouth when coughingReduce contact with othersWhat is NEW?Children and Adolescent Flu Vaccine campaigns
21 LICE… Research-Based Evidence: Children who had more than 5 nits within 1 cm or ¼ of an inch of the scalp were more likely to develop an infestation and then only 1/3 of those in that group actually developed an active case of lice (Williams, 2001).
22 LICE… Research-Based Evidence: The presence of nits does not indicate active infestation; exclusion of these children for nits alone would have resulted in them missing school unnecessarily and could result in poor academic performance.
23 LICE… Research-Based Evidence: According to the AAP, head lice screening programs in schools do not have a significant effect on the incidence of head lice and are not cost effective. A more appropriate management tool in controlling head lice outbreaks within the classroom would be a parent education program.
24 2007 YRBS Sexual HealthQ: Percentage of HS students who ever had sexual intercourse~53.4% = ↑ from 52.5 in 2005 Q: Percentage of HS students who ever had sexual intercourse with ONE or MORE people during the past three months~40.8% ↑ from 39.3 in 2005 Q: Among students who had sexual intercourse during the past three months, the percentage who drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse~21.4% ↑ from 20.7 in 2005
25 2007 YRBS Sexual Health WHY Sexual Health…. High rates of ATOD lead to ↑ sexual encounters,vice versaRisk behaviors are RELATEDCan lead to school climate, mental and physiological health issue and possibly tragedyHow can you assist your county?Review your statistics (YRBS, HEAP, PRIDE, etc)Work with county health educators and school nursesAssist with evidenced based programs/curriculum for schools and/or communitiesKnow the resources(BPH-HIV/AIDS/STDS, BPH-Abstinence, BPH-APPI, BPH-AHI, CBO, PTA, others…)
27 2007 YRBS Sexual Risk Behaviors 54% ever had sexual intercourse 2007 YRBS Sexual Risk Behaviors 54% ever had sexual intercourse. 6% had sexual intercourse for the first time before age 13 years. 17% had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their life. 41% were currently sexually active. 39% did not use a condom during last sexual intercourse. Alcohol and Other Drug Use 22% drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse. 3% used a needle to inject any illegal drug into their body one or more times during their life.
28 What are the solutions? • Health education • Supportive policies • Community and Parent reinforcement of education
29 What is the status? The 2006 West Virginia School Health Profiles indicates that among middle schools and high schools:
30 59% required students to take two or more health education courses 31% taught 11 pregnancy, HIV, or STD prevention topics in a requiredhealth education course. • 92% taught abstinence as the most effectivemethod to avoid pregnancy, HIV, and STDs in a required healtheducation course.91% taught how HIV is transmitted in a required health educationcourse.Health Education
31 34% taught how to correctly use a condom in a required health education course.• 81% taught how to find valid information orservices related to HIV or HIV testing in a required health educationcourse.24% had a lead health education teacher who receivedstaff development during the two years before the survey on HIVprevention.Health Education
32 Teen Pregnancy Rates Between 1991 and 2005, the teen birth rate DECREASED 35 percent to a record low of 40.5 in However, the teen birth rate between 2005 and 2006 INCREASED 3 percent. The information reflects births per 1,000 teen girls aged in the United States and are the most recent national data available. *Data for 2006 are preliminary
33 Study: 1 in 4 teen girls has an STD 18% HPV 4% Chlamydia 2.5% Trichomoniasis 2% Herpes simplex CNN LIVE:
34 ResourcesWVDE-Office of Healthy Schools Website atBPH-main website atBPH-Abstinence Education ator call (800)BPH-Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Initiative atBPH-HIV/AIDS/STDS atBPH-Adolescent Health Initiative at