1998 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990, 1998, 2006 (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person) 2006 1990 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
Prevalence of Overweight* Among U.S. Children and Adolescents (Aged 2 –19 Years) National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys *Sex-and age-specific BMI > 95th percentile based on the CDC growth charts.
The world-famous Michelangelo Statue of David is finally returning to Italy after a 12-week tour in the US.
Type I-Insulin dependent Type II- Non-insulin dependent-once upon a time known as ADULT ONSET.
CDC. National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2007. Source: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study NHW=Non-Hispanic whites; AA=African Americans; H=Hispanics; API=Asian/Pacific Islanders; AI=American Indians <10 years10–19 years
772 Type I 2006-07 data from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12 (313 in grades 9-12)
178 Type II 2006-07 data from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12 (102 in grades 9-12)
2952 2006-07 data from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12 2952 2006-07 data from WV Public Schools GRADES PreK-12
Therapy Medication administration if ordered by a prescriber. Increase in behavioral issues with high caffeine and sugar intake. Lack of inactivity after high caffeine and sugar intake.
Prevalence estimates show that 2% of adults and about 5% of children in the U.S. have food allergies. About 30,000 people require emergency room treatment annually -- and nearly 200 of them die -- because of allergic reactions to food.
Foods that most commonly cause the reaction in children are: eggs peanuts wheat milk Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America
The 12 million Americans with food allergies should remember that food allergens can be present in unexpected places. For example, in an effort to eliminate trans fats, many vendors have started using peanut oil or soybean oil in their fryers. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)
Tooth decay is the number one unmet health need of children. 51 million school hours are lost each year to dental related illness. Health studies show that people with gum disease may be more at risk for: ▪ Hearth Disease ▪ Stroke ▪ Diabetes ▪ Low-birth weight babies Tooth decay and gum disease are caused by poor oral health and both are preventable.
Brush twice daily with fluoride toothpaste Limit sugary foods and drinks, especially between meals Visit the dentist for regular checkups, before problems occur Get your child’s first dental checkup by age one
Community Associated-Methicillin Resistant Staphylocooccus Aureus HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING Cover wounds Do not touch Do not share towels, clothes, bar soap, etc. Do not take antibiotics unless needed More information posted at http://wvde.state.wv.us/osshp/section6/HealthServices.htm http://wvde.state.wv.us/osshp/section6/HealthServices.htm
Epidemics happen yearly… Again, HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING… HANDWASHING YEARLY Flu Vaccination Antivirals Cover mouth when coughing Reduce contact with others What is NEW? Children and Adolescent Flu Vaccine campaigns
Research-Based Evidence: Children who had more than 5 nits within 1 cm or ¼ of an inch of the scalp were more likely to develop an infestation and then only 1/3 of those in that group actually developed an active case of lice (Williams, 2001).
Research-Based Evidence: The presence of nits does not indicate active infestation; exclusion of these children for nits alone would have resulted in them missing school unnecessarily and could result in poor academic performance.
Research-Based Evidence: According to the AAP, head lice screening programs in schools do not have a significant effect on the incidence of head lice and are not cost effective. A more appropriate management tool in controlling head lice outbreaks within the classroom would be a parent education program.
Q: Percentage of HS students who ever had sexual intercourse~53.4% = ↑ from 52.5 in 2005 Q: Percentage of HS students who ever had sexual intercourse with ONE or MORE people during the past three months~40.8% ↑ from 39.3 in 2005 Q: Among students who had sexual intercourse during the past three months, the percentage who drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse~21.4% ↑ from 20.7 in 2005
WHY Sexual Health…. High rates of ATOD lead to ↑ sexual encounters, vice versa Risk behaviors are RELATED Can lead to school climate, mental and physiological health issue and possibly tragedy How can you assist your county? Review your statistics (YRBS, HEAP, PRIDE, etc) Work with county health educators and school nurses Assist with evidenced based programs/curriculum for schools and/or communities Know the resources(BPH-HIV/AIDS/STDS, BPH-Abstinence, BPH-APPI, BPH- AHI, CBO, PTA, others…)
59% required students to take two or more health education courses 31% taught 11 pregnancy, HIV, or STD prevention topics in a required health education course. 92% taught abstinence as the most effective method to avoid pregnancy, HIV, and STDs in a required health education course. 91% taught how HIV is transmitted in a required health education course.
34% taught how to correctly use a condom in a required health education course. 81% taught how to find valid information or services related to HIV or HIV testing in a required health education course. 24% had a lead health education teacher who received staff development during the two years before the survey on HIV prevention.
WVDE-Office of Healthy Schools Website at http://wvde.state.wv.us/osshp/main/ http://wvde.state.wv.us/osshp/main/ BPH-main website at http://www.wvdhhr.org/bph/http://www.wvdhhr.org/bph/ BPH-Abstinence Education at http://www.wvdhhr.org/mcfh/ICAH/Abstinence/index.htm http://www.wvdhhr.org/mcfh/ICAH/Abstinence/index.htm or call (800) 642-8522 BPH-Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Initiative at http://www.wvdhhr.org/appi/ http://www.wvdhhr.org/appi/ BPH-HIV/AIDS/STDS at http://www.wvdhhr.org/idep/aids.asphttp://www.wvdhhr.org/idep/aids.asp BPH-Adolescent Health Initiative at http://www.wvdhhr.org/ahi/http://www.wvdhhr.org/ahi/