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RARE RECRUITMENT, ACCEPTANCE, RETENTION AND EDUCATION ENDING PLEDGING AS WE KNOW IT Cornell Livestreaming Event: April 27, 2012 4/27/2012 1 DRAFT ONLY.

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Presentation on theme: "RARE RECRUITMENT, ACCEPTANCE, RETENTION AND EDUCATION ENDING PLEDGING AS WE KNOW IT Cornell Livestreaming Event: April 27, 2012 4/27/2012 1 DRAFT ONLY."— Presentation transcript:

1 RARE RECRUITMENT, ACCEPTANCE, RETENTION AND EDUCATION ENDING PLEDGING AS WE KNOW IT Cornell Livestreaming Event: April 27, /27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

2 Fraternity & Sorority 4/27/ Top Five, Strong, Well Regarded, and Historically Significant DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED 4,253 Members 1,778 Housing Capacity 19,720 Service & Advocacy Hours 30% Undergrads that are Greek 1,248 New Members $176K Funds for Charity 66 Chapters 47 Houses

3 Fraternity & Sorority Current Initiatives Call 2 Action Recognition Policy Four Quarter System Dartmouth Collaborative = NCHIP Recruitment, Acceptance, Retention and Education (RARE) 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

4 Disclaimers RARE Recruitment, Acceptance, Retention and Education Primary focus is hazing prevention WORKING DOCUMENT – DRAFT ONLY Cornell has not approved these recommendations No decisions made – now engaging the community Final approvals are expected in October Thank you for participating! 4 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

5 Our Agenda Fraternity & Sorority President Skorton’s Challenge RARE Task Force RARE’s Mandate Definition of Hazing Cornell’s History 5 4/27/2012 Hazing Research Pledging vs Hazing Changing Greek Culture A Comprehensive Approach DRAFT Recommendations RARE Phases One to Four DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

6 President Skorton’s Challenge National call Eliminate hazing Hazing defined as…. “End pledging as we know it….” Create a better Greek system Not providing all the answers Challenge to Students, Alumni, University National call Eliminate hazing Hazing defined as…. “End pledging as we know it….” Create a better Greek system Not providing all the answers Challenge to Students, Alumni, University 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

7 President Skorton’s Challenge - Initial Reactions The question is “What Should Greek Life Look Like at Cornell?” Why focus on Greeks? Sports teams…even the Band hazes new members. He’s not a Greek…eliminating pledging will destroy tradition and create “paper members” Take the right step - eliminate the Greek system altogether. Students will drink and hazing will continue – as they have for decades. Students will drink and hazing will continue – as they have for decades. 4/27/ Pledging and hazing are not the same thing!! DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

8 RARE Task Force Launched in Fall members – a cross section of the community 13 of 24 members are undergraduates Two year effort to eliminate hazing 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

9 RARE’s Mandate Name Recruitment, Acceptance, Retention and Education (RARE) PurposeTo deliver a unified response to President David Skorton’s challenge to the Cornell Greek system to eliminate hazing and “end pledging as we know it.” CustomerUndergraduate and alumni members of the Cornell Greek system Key Objectives Develop alternatives that welcome new members free of degradation, humiliation and all other forms of hazing Enable and provide resources to chapters to create their own unique, safe, and effective new member processes 9 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

10 Definition of Hazing Cornell Campus Code of Conduct (Article II.A.1.f) “To haze another person, regardless of the person’s consent to participate. …endangering the physical health of an individual or causing mental distress… President Skorton’s “A Call to Lead”, CDS, Hazing is any act that, as a condition for group membership, humiliates, intimidates, abuses or endangers any person — regardless of the person’s consent to participate. New York State Law § and § A person is guilty of hazing if…in the course of initiation or affiliation with any organization…creates a substantial risk of physical injury 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

11 Cornell’s History 4/27/ When were these statements on hazing made? “ Hazing goes against all the ideals of fraternities: cooperation, trust and brotherhood. Let ‟ s work together to eliminate it.” “We have strict rules against hazing.” “Hazing is the one offense in Cornell University for which students are expelled, sent away never to return or to go to any other college.” “Hazing is an immature, dangerous act that serves no useful purpose…. Remember: hazing can kill” DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

12 Cornell’s History 4/27/ When were these statements on hazing made? “ Hazing goes against all the ideals of fraternities: cooperation, trust and brotherhood. Let ‟ s work together to eliminate it.” “We have strict rules against hazing.” “Hazing is the one offense in Cornell University for which students are expelled, sent away never to return or to go to any other college.” “Hazing is an immature, dangerous act that serves no useful purpose…. Remember: hazing can kill” DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

13 Research What available research tells us: Hazing begins early in life, well before college More than half of participants experience hazing Almost all hazing goes unreported About three-quarters of Greeks experience hazing Many believe it creates bonds and is an important rite of passage Eighty percent of all hazing deaths involve alcohol What available research does not tell us: Is hazing getting worse? Are hazing prevention strategies effective? Is this generation different? 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED 13

14 Research – Why People Haze No Single Theory, But Many Elements Explain Hazing Behavior Evolutionary psychology Shared coping Identification with aggressor Lack of external constraints Cycles of abuseNeed for esteem Conformity and obedience to authority Masculinity beliefs Symbolic interactionism Cognitive dissonanceRites of passageNeed for intimacy Groupthink (Janis)SociopathyMisperceived norms Expression of power Perceived lack of alternatives Desire for solidarity Excerpts from hazing.cornell.edu/hazing/issues/research.cfm 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

15 Pledging vs Hazing Why address the pledge period? Platform for hazing Alignment with values & mission Maintain relevance 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED 15

16 Changing Greek Culture Hazing integral to many rituals and traditions – a rite of passage Change must occur at the individual, interactional, and organizational levels Hazing must be rejected as incompatible with the values of Greek life Fraternity and sorority members must: refrain from hazing; ensure peers do not haze; report hazing incidents; and, discipline hazers and silent bystanders. The bandwidth of solutions must be broad and engage all stakeholders 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

17 A Comprehensive Approach 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED 17 Hazing behavior is complex Diverse collection of individuals, chapters and councils Requires a comprehensive approach, which is supported by proven models of cultural change We cannot transforms an entire culture, but we can transform certain parts of the culture Build on shared values to change the norms surrounding hazing Changes at every level - individual, chapter, council, alumni, university, and community – are required Real and lasting results, leading to a new national standard, will take time and resources

18 Draft RARE Recommendations - Community 4/27/ Building One Cornell Greek Community Intensive character building, education and social programs built around values common to the Cornell Greek community Welcomes new members into one community, prior to chapters Be a strong advocate for the vast majority who are individuals of character Building One Cornell Greek Community Intensive character building, education and social programs built around values common to the Cornell Greek community Welcomes new members into one community, prior to chapters Be a strong advocate for the vast majority who are individuals of character DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED Modifications to Existing New Member Process Eliminate the words “pledge”, “pledging”, and other derogatory terms meant to separate new and active members Reduce new member intake process duration Written plan for new member process must be approved annually by national and alumni reps Modifications to Existing New Member Process Eliminate the words “pledge”, “pledging”, and other derogatory terms meant to separate new and active members Reduce new member intake process duration Written plan for new member process must be approved annually by national and alumni reps

19 4/27/ Focus on Academic Excellence New and existing members, and chapters, to maintain min. GPA Prospective members below minimum are deferred Greek “suspension” process for members or chapters below GPA Greek mentorship program to encourage members to excel Focus on Academic Excellence New and existing members, and chapters, to maintain min. GPA Prospective members below minimum are deferred Greek “suspension” process for members or chapters below GPA Greek mentorship program to encourage members to excel DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED Chapter Defined Four Year Education Models New member education program for each chapter based on national requirements Chapter-focused education for sophomores and juniors Professional and career development education for juniors and seniors Chapter Defined Four Year Education Models New member education program for each chapter based on national requirements Chapter-focused education for sophomores and juniors Professional and career development education for juniors and seniors Draft RARE Recommendations - Community

20 4/27/ Live-In Advisors for New and “At Risk” Chapters “At risk” chapters – low tier ratings, failure to address audit findings or other recommendations Minimum four year period for advisors Not required for high performing chapters Live-In Advisors for New and “At Risk” Chapters “At risk” chapters – low tier ratings, failure to address audit findings or other recommendations Minimum four year period for advisors Not required for high performing chapters DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED Expand Self-Governance Concept to Include Alumni Minimum of 3 active advisors per chapter Participate in risk management audits of chapters Serve on alumni advisory groups - AIFC, APAC & AMGLC Participate in interviews of new leaders and exit interviews Expand Self-Governance Concept to Include Alumni Minimum of 3 active advisors per chapter Participate in risk management audits of chapters Serve on alumni advisory groups - AIFC, APAC & AMGLC Participate in interviews of new leaders and exit interviews Draft RARE Recommendations - Community

21 4/27/ Hire Hazing Specialist for All Campus Organizations & Teams Promote National Hazing Hotline and national legislation Develop “Real Life, Real Hazing” film of Cornellians Create programs like a “Bystanders Group” – individual members to train all chapter members to identify and intervene in hazing Hire Hazing Specialist for All Campus Organizations & Teams Promote National Hazing Hotline and national legislation Develop “Real Life, Real Hazing” film of Cornellians Create programs like a “Bystanders Group” – individual members to train all chapter members to identify and intervene in hazing DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED Create a Risk Management Council (RMC) Alumni, Council Leaders, Chapter Leaders & OFSIL Reps (9) Review performance tier ratings, judicial reports, police reports, housing and safety reports, financial status and recruitment Engage in honest, challenging conversations with at-risk chapters and alumni advisors, before serious incidents occur Create a Risk Management Council (RMC) Alumni, Council Leaders, Chapter Leaders & OFSIL Reps (9) Review performance tier ratings, judicial reports, police reports, housing and safety reports, financial status and recruitment Engage in honest, challenging conversations with at-risk chapters and alumni advisors, before serious incidents occur Draft RARE Recommendations - Community

22 4/27/ University Standards Set for Greek Chapters Expand EOY ratings to four tiers based on shared values Quarterly reviews undertaken by chapter officers, alumni advisors and council officers, and reported to OFSIL annually Underperforming chapters subjected to alumni advisor and RMC audits University Standards Set for Greek Chapters Expand EOY ratings to four tiers based on shared values Quarterly reviews undertaken by chapter officers, alumni advisors and council officers, and reported to OFSIL annually Underperforming chapters subjected to alumni advisor and RMC audits DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED Provide Funding Necessary for Transformation Motivation can come from programs, resources, rewards/awards Alternatives to hazing in new member processes requires program development and funding – must be a priority Funding to be generated from university, alumni and current members in a shared manner Provide Funding Necessary for Transformation Motivation can come from programs, resources, rewards/awards Alternatives to hazing in new member processes requires program development and funding – must be a priority Funding to be generated from university, alumni and current members in a shared manner Draft RARE Recommendations - Community

23 RARE Phases One to Four 23 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

24 Phase Three Engaging Key Stakeholders and Experts in Process Undergraduate Greek Members and Leaders Parents Non-Greek Cornell community Key Partners - DOS, OFSIL, Gannett, CUPD, COE, Residential Programs Inter/national organizations Alumni and alumni associations Subject matter experts 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

25 Phase Three and Four Academic Year Our focus changes from developing recommendations to outreach and implementation Move from 2 co-chairs to a Steering Group, with representatives from each of the tri-councils and an alum Assemble an Advisory Group with expertise relevant for Year 2 (in addition to experts continuing from Year 1) In addition to replacing seniors, we may need more members on specific initiatives. 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

26 What Will Be Different TodayFuture Individuals join chaptersIndividuals join the Cornell Greek Community, then join chapters Live-in advisors in sororities and small number of fraternities Live-in advisors also in new and “at risk” chapters Hazing prevention undertaken by existing staff University-wide hazing specialist hired to benefit all organizations Membership intake periodsAre shorter Education ends with pledgingFour year education model to encourage participation and retention 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED 26

27 Disclaimers AS A REMINDER…. DRAFT RECOMMENDATIONS ONLY Cornell has not approved these recommendations. RARE’s dialogue with key stakeholders, to review and refine these recommendations, will continue until final approvals are received in October. Thank you for participating in today’s event. 27 4/27/2012DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED

28 Our thanks to all of the members, contributors and supporters of RARE! 4/27/ DRAFT ONLY - NOT APPROVED


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