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HR Transformation: Progress Made But the Journey Continues

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Presentation on theme: "HR Transformation: Progress Made But the Journey Continues"— Presentation transcript:

1 HR Transformation: Progress Made But the Journey Continues
Neil Reichenberg IPMA-HR Executive Director

2 If HR professionals want to keep their jobs and increase their influence, they must focus less on what they do – their processes and systems and more on the value they can deliver to the organization. David Ulrich

3 Background Why We Hate HR - 2005 Fast Company article
“After close to 20 years of hopeful rhetoric about becoming strategic partners with a seat at the table where the business decisions that matter are made, most human resources professionals aren’t nearly there. They have no seat, and the table is locked inside a conference room to which they have no key. HR people are, for most practical purposes, neither strategic nor leaders.”

4 Background “The discipline I believe so strongly in is HR, and it’s the last discipline that gets funded. Marketing, manufacturing – all these things are important. But more often than not, the head of HR does not have a seat at the table. Big mistake.” Howard Schultz, Chairman, President, & CEO of Starbucks

5 Background Why Did We Ever Go Into HR?
2008 article in the Harvard Business Review by two recent Harvard MBA’s who work in HR “HR today sits smack-dab in the middle of the most compelling competitive battleground in business, where companies deploy and fight over that most valuable of resources – workforce talent.” “The long held notion that HR would become a truly strategic function is being realized.”

6 World Public Sector Report
2005 UN World Public Sector Report, “Unlocking the Human Potential for Public Sector Performance” called for a heightened role for those working in human resources Staff responsible for human resources “should have real input into strategic decisions about staff management as well as decisions on how to achieve core objectives of government. This calls for the upgrading of the status and influence of human resource managers in organizational structures and decision-making processes in the public sector.”

7 State of HR Most organizations recognize their employees as their most important asset. “The right talent is the fundamental building block when it comes to creating an organization capable of innovating and changing…” Ed Lawler, Director, Center for Effective Organizations and Professor, University of Southern California HR is the only department that has the people of the organization as its primary mission The recession has resulted in a short-term focus on reducing costs - this should not result in abandoning longer-term workforce and succession planning efforts

8 How Are Organizations Treating Their Most Important Asset?
Recent IPMA-HR survey showed agencies taking the following actions to address budget issues: Restricting travel – 66% Hiring freeze – 62% Pay freeze - 59% Reduce overtime - 56% Reduce training - 56% Layoffs -33% Change retirement plans - 21%

9 Employee Engagement Why is it important?
Employee engagement is associated with a range of positive outcomes at the individual and organizational levels Engaged employees perform better, are more innovative and more likely to want to stay with their employer Main drivers of engagement are: meaningful work, senior management communication style and vision, supportive work environment, person-job fit, and line management style

10 Employee Engagement Watson Wyatt/WorldatWork survey found that due to actions taken by employers during the recession, employee engagement has declined Employee engagement has dropped 9% since last year for all employees & almost 25% for top performing employees Top performing employees are 20% less likely to agree that they understand the link between their goals and the organization’s goals

11 Employee Engagement Drop in employee engagement could have a detrimental impact on productivity, quality & customer service As the economy recovers, there could be retention problems for employers, especially among top performers Compared with last year, top performers are 26% less likely to be satisfied with the opportunities for advancement & 29% say promotion opportunity would be a top reason for leaving

12 HR Transformation Managing and developing the organizational talent is of paramount importance HR needs to shift focus to strategic activities that will add the most value and ensure that organizations have the right people, with the right skills in the right positions, at the right time HR needs to avoid falling into the trap of changing names and delivery mechanisms that result in providing the same HR services

13 HR Transformation HR needs to continue to provide the basic human resource services on which their organizations depend If these are not done well, HR department will lose credibility & it will be more difficult to move to a more strategic role There has been a move towards shared service centers that are established to handle HR transactional work

14 HR Transformation It is a challenge to find time to move to a more strategic role, while continuing to provide high quality HR transactional work Human resource management is an organizational responsibility and not just the work of the HR department HR professionals should be consultants to the line managers and supervisors HR needs to understand the business of the departments within the organization

15 Changing Roles of HR Management

16 HR Transformation Chartered Institute of Personnel & Development (CIPD) in Great Britain study found HR plays multiple roles in organizations Recruit & retain key staff Develop employee competencies Improve the way in which people performance is managed Maximize employee involvement/engagement Improve employees’ focus on key business goals

17 HR Transformation 81% of CIPD survey respondents reported the structure of the HR function has changed Top reason was the desire for the HR function to become a more strategic contributor Need to improve services, increased business focus, & cost reductions were other reasons cited

18 HR Transformation Compared to a similar survey three years earlier, HR staff has cut by a quarter the amount of time they spend on administration & almost doubled the amount of time devoted to strategic matters However, HR function is still mired in transactional work 5% see HR administration as most important activity, yet 52% said it was most time consuming Developing HR strategy most important activity cited by 64% of respondents, but only 28% say they spent the most time on it

19 HR Transformation IPMA-HR study found the key enablers of transformation are: Strong management support Strong internal skills Appropriate funding levels Highly integrated IT systems Shared services

20 HR Transformation IPMA-HR study found the key barriers to transformation are: Lack of funds Lack of management support Poor IT systems Lack of skills/capabilities

21 HR Transformation IPMA-HR study found that organizations are measuring transformation success by: Higher customer satisfaction (only 37% conduct internal customer satisfaction surveys) Cost reductions Higher retention

22 IPMA-HR Model To assist HR professionals to transform the HR function, IPMA-HR has established a competency model containing 20 competencies that serve as the foundation for HR professionals as they execute their work inside four major roles: HR Expert Business Partner Change Agent Leadership IPMA-HR has a training program, Developing Competencies for HR Success designed to assist HR professionals with becoming business partners, change agents, and leaders within their organizations

23 IPMA-HR MODEL Business Partner Change Agent HR Expert Leadership 23

24 Shaping Up: Evolving the HR Function for the 21st Century, conducted by Deloitte, the authors concluded: “HR is at a turning point. During these times of rapidly changing economics, we believe HR is faced with a stark choice. It can either evolve and make a significant contribution, or be diminished and dispersed into the business.”

25 Conclusion HR is moving in the right direction, although more needs to be accomplished Organizations are at different stages of transformation HR profession needs to continue evolving & focusing on important contributions it can make to the organization No simple answer nor is there a one-size-fits all approach that will work across organizations HR needs to develop better measures of its effectiveness & impact

26 Additional Information
For additional information, please contact: Neil Reichenberg Executive Director IPMA-HR

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