Presentation on theme: "Safer Bromley Partnership Chris Smart Detective Chief Inspector Bromley Borough Police Working together to tackle domestic violence."— Presentation transcript:
Safer Bromley Partnership Chris Smart Detective Chief Inspector Bromley Borough Police Working together to tackle domestic violence
Scope of Presentation Policing DV – A Brief History The Bromley Position MPA Presentation viewed through a case study -Tackling domestic violence – MPS Risk Model -Keeping survivors safe and preventing further attacks -Supporting survivors -Preventing domestic violence... - MARAC -Continuous improvement
10 years ago Crash scene Introduction of Community Safety Units (CSU). Macpherson report. Protection from Harassment Act 1997. Initial strategy – encouraging victims to report.
Findings 1998 – 60,000 incidents in London. 2005 – 110,000 incidents in London. 1 in 8 cases GBH 1 in 4 cases ABH 1 in 4 murders linked to Domestic Violence.
We got it wrong Hayley Richards Tania Moore Vicky Horgan & Emma Walton Rana Faruqui Clare Bernal Colette Lynch
Current Policy Positive action. Enhanced level of victim care. Safety of victims is paramount – especially if children are involved.
Bromley Position – 08/09 2106 recorded DV offences – 19% increase on 07/08. 1365 arrests made (65%, highest ever recorded arrest rate). 42% of cases were charged or cautioned. No DV homicides. Victim gender – 80% female:20%male.
Victim profile 55% are self defined as white British. 80% are aged between 20-49 years old. Suspect profile 80% are aged between 20-49 years old.
Case Study 19 th October 01.43hrs Police are called to the home of Vietnamese family. The father of the family has returned home drunk and is attempting to throw his wife out of the property which he has started to smash up. The call comes from the daughter of the family, Mum’s English is not good. Police arrive on scene and the suspect has left. There is considerable damage at the property. Police leave the scene. The advice to the family ‘If he comes back, don’t let him and call 999'.
…….the same night 0321hrs Another call, same location, the suspect is back at address. Police arrive and he is still on scene. Positive action taken? Suspect advised to leave the scene to sober up and not to come back until he had done so!
……and eventually 0705hrs Early turn are called to the address. Once on scene officers discover the mother of the family has been stabbed to death. The suspect is not on scene. The suspect later gives himself into custody and in interview states that the victim had disrespected him by wearing a short sleeve shirt in the presence of his parents the previous day. She also had him ejected from his home by the police.
………….Some of the failings No attempt at risk identification at 2 previous calls No history searches by attending officers No effective investigation Four previous incidents of violence by suspect against his wife 26 months custody for GBH. No abuse programme No notification by Police to Social Services regarding children No support provided for victim
Initial Actions and Options Open to Police Arrive within 12 minutes (Citizen promise) Medical attention Secure and begin to interpret scene (digital camera, head cams) Secure and record evidence (124D, including risk assessment) Ensure immediate safety of victim and children (relatives, hospital, arrest suspect)
MPS DV Risk Model (SPECSS+) 3 parts to model Risk identification and intervention by Initial investigating officer (124d and SPECSS+) Supervisor and investigating officer Safety planning: intervention options
SPECSS+ Separation/child contact Pregnancy / new birth Escalation Community issues / isolation Stalking Sexual assault...........................................Plus
The ‘plus signs’ Use of weapons/credible threats to kill Strangulation, suffocation, drowning attempts Suicidal/homicidal tendencies Morbid jealousy, acute controlling behaviour Pets abused Substance/alcohol misuse Mental health Victims fear Children abused
Suspect Arrest if on scene Search of Area All known addresses Manhunt Criminal Justice Process
Keeping Survivors Safe and Preventing Further Attacks Panic alarms. Special schemes. Victim Support. Sanctuary Scheme (Safer Bromley Van). Women’s Aid. Housing.
Supporting Survivors One Stop Shop DV Text Line DV Travel Fund Bromley Advocacy Service Safer Bromley Partnership Bromley DV Forum
Aims of MARAC To reduce repeat victimisation. To increase well-being of victims. To safeguard victims & their children. To address safety of agency staff.
How does it work ? Referral to MARAC coordinator. Research of all Police & partner/agency databases & risk assessment made. Monthly partnership meetings to review each case & to agree a joint action plan of activity.
Role of MARAC coordinator To collate & research all information & intelligence held on each subject. To maintain & circulate information to all agencies. To liaise with all agencies & ensure agreed action takes place.
MPA response Excellent partnership working. Proactive work on the borough – Somali women’s group. Development of new projects – DV text line & DV travel fund. Inclusion of DV in LAA & stretching of targets.
“ The enthusiasm of all those present at the meeting was evident & demonstrated a genuine commitment to tackle domestic violence, which is undoubtedly at the heart of the borough’s success.” MPA DV Scrutiny committee Nov 2008