Presentation on theme: "By Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet"— Presentation transcript:
1By Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet My Brother MartinBy Christine King Farrisillustrated by Chris SoentpietDay Day 4Day Day 5Day 3Vocabulary DefinitionsVocabulary SentencesAdditional Resources
4Study Skills Genre: Biography Comprehension Skill: Cause and Effect Comprehension Strategy: Answer QuestionsComprehension Review Skill: Fact and OpinionVocabulary: Word Structure—Endings
5Genre: BiographyA biography is the story of a real person’s life as told be someone else. In this biography, a sister shares childhood memories of her younger brother. Why do you think she chose to tell about these experiences?
6SummaryFew people know about what Martin Luther King, Jr. was like as a child. His older sister, Christine, tells stories of their childhood, full of love and fun. She remembers when her little brother “M.L.” told their mother, “One day, I am going to turn this world upside down.”
7Comprehension Review Skill- Fact or Opinion A fact is a statement that can be proven either true or false.An opinion is a statement based on someone’s judgment, belief, or way of thinking.
8Day 1 - Question of the Week How can words change people’s lives?
9minister Vocabulary - Say It numerous ancestors pulpit avoided shieldingancestorsavoidedgenerationsminister
10confronted injustice nourishing demonstrating integrate sympathy More Words to Knowconfronted injustice nourishing demonstrating integrate sympathy
11Comprehension Strategy Answer Questions Good readers can answer questions about what they read.Sometimes the answer to a question will be in one place in the text and sometimes it will be in several places.Sometimes you must combine what you read with what you already know.
14Comprehension Skill Cause and Effect The effect is what happens.The cause is why it happens.Clue words such as because, so, therefore, and as a result can signal causes and effects.Sometimes one effect becomes the cause of another effect, which causes another, and so on. This is called a chain of events.
15Practice Cause and Effect Jack’s textbooks are old and damaged.Effect CauseJack’s mother complains to the principal, who cannot help.She visits a lawyer, and he files a lawsuit for her.
16Practice Cause and Effect A judge decides in Jack’s favor.When do you think this fictional story takes place? Use the information from the text and your prior knowledge to answer the question.The story probably takes place in the early days of the Civil Rights Movement.
18Why is it important to rimember the lessons of history. If we don’t remember history we may make the same mistakes.
19What is a Conjunction?A conjunction is like glue. It helps things to stick together.A conjunction joins words, phrases, and sentences, which are called clauses.
20What is a Conjunction?Conjunctions join two or more words.Example: I went to the store to buy eggs, milk, and bread.
21What is a Conjunction?Conjunctions can join two prepositional phrases.Ex. I went skiing down the hill and past the trees.
22What is a Conjunction?Conjunctions can connect two clauses or sentences.When two sentences are joined, a comma MUST be placed before the conjunction.Ex. I played cards for awhile, but then I played chess.
23Types of ConjunctionsOne type of conjunction is the coordinating conjunction.They connect words, phrases, and clauses, which are sentences.They connect things of equal value.(This means that they would connect a noun with another noun or a prepositional phrase with another prepositional phrase.)
24Types of Conjunctions There are seven coordinating conjunctions: and but or fornor yet so
26science stomach remember memory forget Canada suppose element iron Spelling Words SchwasciencerememberforgetsupposeironstomachmemoryCanadaelementmystery
27gravel normal difficult notify fortune privilege giant cement Spelling Words SchwagraveldifficultfortunegiantarchitectnormalnotifyprivilegecementyesterdayDifferent dictionaries may show different vowels for the schwa sound.
30Day 2 - Question of the Day What new or surprising information about Martin Luther King, Jr. does this biography give?
31Vocabulary Skill: Word Structure—Endings Sometimes the ending –ed or–ing is added to a verb or the ending –s is added to a noun.If a word with one of these endings seems hard for you, try the following:
32Vocabulary Skill: Word Structure—Endings Cover the ending and identify the base form of the verb or noun.Do you know this word? If you do, think about its meaning. Picture the action the verb describes.If you do not, check the words around the word. Try to find clues that can help you figure out the meaning.Check to see if the meaning makes sense in the sentence.
33people from whom you are descended, such as your great-grandparents ancestorspeople from whom you are descended, such as your great-grandparents
34kept away from; kept out of the way of avoidedkept away from; kept out of the way of
35generationsperiods of about thirty years, or the time from the birth of one generation to the birth of the next generation
36ministermember of the clergy; spiritual guide; pastor
46Weekly Fluency Check - Phrasing Read aloud “A Class of One”. Explain that you will group words that make sense together.Partners read aloud p. 651, paragraph 1, three times. Group words into meaningful phrases. Give each other feedback.
473. Violence is dramatic, and nonviolence is often effectiver. 4 3. Violence is dramatic, and nonviolence is often effectiver. 4. Its diffecult not to fight back when others are fighting you.
48Let’s Review . . .The conjunction is the seventh of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight:NounPronounAdjectiveVerbAdverbPrepositionConjunctionInterjection
49First, let's start with a basic definition: Conjunctions are words that join words or groups of words. There are two main types: coordinating conjunctions subordinating conjunctions
50Coordinating conjunctions include: AndOrButForNorThese conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.
51Let’s practice . . .Write 3 sentences that include coordinating conjunctions. Do they connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value?
52Independent Clauses:Clauses of equal value are called independent clauses and can stand on their own as separate sentences.Example:John is running in this race and I am carrying his water bottle.Each clause can stand alone:John is running in this race.I am carrying his water bottle.Double check your sentences - conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.
53Subordinating conjunctions: Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses.Dependent clauses cannot stand alone as a single sentence.In fact, the clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.
54Dependent Clauses:Dependent Clauses cannot stand alone as a single sentence.The clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.Example:Since I will not be home, Tina will answer the phone."Since I will not be home" doesn't make sense by itself.It is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.
55Subordinating Conjunctions Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions include:Although *WhenBecause *BeforeAs *IfWhileUntilWhetherSinceAfterSo that
56Now let’s practice . . .Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses.With a partner, come up with at least 3 examples of sentences that include Subordinating Conjunctions that introduce Dependent Clauses.
57Group Work Readers & WB 254 Spelling Day 2 Language Arts Day 2 Tri-Fold Section 2SmartBoard- Vocabulary Review
62Day 3 - Question of the Day How do Martin Luther King, Jr. s’ experiences show the power or words to change the world?
63Review Questions What is an opinion about Martin’s father? What is the main idea of the selection?Is it a fact or an opinion that the King children played with two white boys?How were the King’s children and the two white boys alike?What was the result of the King’s losing their friends?
64Review Questions6. Why did Martin Luther King, Jr. tell his mother that he would “one day (…) turn the world upside down?”7. What did M.L. and his father have in common?8. Why did the father refuse to buy shoes from a store owner?9. What does the sentence, “These stories were as nourishing as the food that was set before us,” mean?
65Review Questions 10. What was M.L. ‘s dream? 11. Why did the author write the story?12. How does the picture on page 654 show the difference that M.L. made?
91Day 4 - Question of the Day Why do you think poems by young people were paired with the biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.?
927. Rev. King dream that the world would be a more good place. 8 7. Rev. King dream that the world would be a more good place. 8. Parts of his dream comed true, there is still work to be done.
93Conjunction QuizFind the conjunctions in the following sentences.Label them “C” for coordinating or “S” for subordinating.He listened to the man's story and reported it to the policeman on duty.2. I haven't seen my brother since he left for college.3. Your aunt or your uncle will pick you up from school today.Tom, Jane, Sue, and Tim will be going on the trip.
94Conjunction QuizFind the conjunctions in the following sentences.Label them “C” for coordinating or “S” for subordinating.5. I remember the old school book, for it was once mine.6. Sarah did not feel well, but she went to class anyway.7. Although the old man was hungry, he never said a word to anyone.8. I think I heard that on the television or radio, although I am not sure.
95Group Work Reading Computer Test Essay Questions Tri-Fold Section 4 Language Day 4
98Essay QuestionsHow does the last picture show the changes that M.L. made in the world?What was the dream that M.L. had?What did the author mean when she said the stories her parents told “were as nourishing as the food that was set before us”?
99Day 5 - Question of the Week How can words change people’s lives?
100Research Skill Note Taking As you read, take notes to help you understand and remember the text.Notes should be brief and focus on the most important information. Use keywords, phrases, or short sentences.Paraphrase, or restate, someone’s idea using your own words.
101Research Skill Note Taking Synthesize, or combine, information from different parts of the text or from tow or more texts. Look for ideas that go together. Add your own thoughts.Record findings in an organized way, such as a graphic organizer, a summary, or an outline. Include information about sources you read.
102Research Skill Note Taking How is this article organized?chronologicallyParaphrase the first sentence in the article.Both Cesar Chavez and Dr. King understood the value of equal rights.Why is it important to take note of the fact that Chavez was a migrant worker?It led him to do the work he did as an a adult fighting for civil rights.Is the detail about Chavez joining the U.S. Navy important enough to include in your notes? Why or why not?No, because the article doesn’t focus on what he did in the navy.
103Research Skill Note Taking What did Chavez do with the Community Service Organization?He spoke out against discrimination and encouraged voting.What methods of peaceful protest did Chavez use?strikes, fasts, urging people to stop buying certain productsWhy is it important to write down only the most important ideas when note-taking?If I wrote down every idea and every detail, I wouldn’t be able to focus on the author’s main ideas.
104Research Skill Note Taking When taking notes for a report, it is important to write down the title and author of the book or article you are reading. Why do you need to do this?I might need to go back to what I was reading to check for more information.Describe a graphic organizer you might use to organize your notes.I would draw a web. I would put Cesar Chavez in a center circle and write important details about his life in surrounding circles.Copy a section of your notes from the article in the lines below.born in 1927, Arizona; worked as migrant farmer; fought for rights of Latinos
1059. King was a great american, and a day is named in her honor. 10 9. King was a great american, and a day is named in her honor. 10. At our school we always reads on of Kings speeches.
106Group Work SmartBoard- Timeline of Martin Luther King, Jr Note Taking QuizReading WBLanguage Arts Day 5Tri-Fold Section 5Writing Assignment