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My Brother Martin By Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet Day 1Day 1 Day 4Day 4 Day 2Day 2 Day 5Day 5 Day 3 Vocabulary Definitions Vocabulary.

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Presentation on theme: "My Brother Martin By Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet Day 1Day 1 Day 4Day 4 Day 2Day 2 Day 5Day 5 Day 3 Vocabulary Definitions Vocabulary."— Presentation transcript:

1 My Brother Martin By Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet Day 1Day 1 Day 4Day 4 Day 2Day 2 Day 5Day 5 Day 3 Vocabulary Definitions Vocabulary Sentences Additional Resources



4 Study Skills Genre: Biography Comprehension Skill: Cause and Effect Comprehension Strategy: Answer Questions Comprehension Review Skill: Fact and Opinion Vocabulary: Word Structure— Endings

5 Genre: Biography A biography is the story of a real person’s life as told be someone else. In this biography, a sister shares childhood memories of her younger brother. Why do you think she chose to tell about these experiences?

6 Summary Few people know about what Martin Luther King, Jr. was like as a child. His older sister, Christine, tells stories of their childhood, full of love and fun. She remembers when her little brother “M.L.” told their mother, “One day, I am going to turn this world upside down.”

7 Comprehension Review Skill- Fact or Opinion A fact is a statement that can be proven either true or false. An opinion is a statement based on someone’s judgment, belief, or way of thinking.

8 Day 1 - Question of the Week How can words change people’s lives?

9 Vocabulary - Say It ancestors avoided generations minister numerous pulpit shielding

10 More Words to Know confronted injustice nourishing demonstrating integrate sympathy

11 Comprehension Strategy Answer Questions Good readers can answer questions about what they read. Sometimes the answer to a question will be in one place in the text and sometimes it will be in several places. Sometimes you must combine what you read with what you already know.


13 Listen to the Story

14 Comprehension Skill Cause and Effect The effect is what happens. The cause is why it happens. Clue words such as because, so, therefore, and as a result can signal causes and effects. Sometimes one effect becomes the cause of another effect, which causes another, and so on. This is called a chain of events.

15 Practice Cause and Effect 1.Cause Jack’s textbooks are old and damaged. 2.Effect  Cause Jack’s mother complains to the principal, who cannot help. 3.Effect  Cause She visits a lawyer, and he files a lawsuit for her.

16 Practice Cause and Effect 4.Effect A judge decides in Jack’s favor. 5.When do you think this fictional story takes place? Use the information from the text and your prior knowledge to answer the question. The story probably takes place in the early days of the Civil Rights Movement.


18 1.Why is it important to rimember the lessons of history. 2.If we don’t remember history we may make the same mistakes.

19 What is a Conjunction? A conjunction is like glue. It helps things to stick together. A conjunction joins words, phrases, and sentences, which are called clauses.

20 What is a Conjunction? Conjunctions join two or more words. Example: I went to the store to buy eggs, milk, and bread.

21 Conjunctions can join two prepositional phrases. Ex. I went skiing down the hill and past the trees.

22 Conjunctions can connect two clauses or sentences. When two sentences are joined, a comma MUST be placed before the conjunction. Ex. I played cards for awhile, but then I played chess.

23 Types of Conjunctions One type of conjunction is the coordinating conjunction. They connect words, phrases, and clauses, which are sentences. They connect things of equal value. (This means that they would connect a noun with another noun or a prepositional phrase with another prepositional phrase.)

24 Types of Conjunctions There are seven coordinating conjunctions: and but or for nor yet so


26 Spelling Words Schwa stomach memory Canada element mystery science science remember remember forget forget suppose suppose iron iron

27 Spelling Words Schwa gravel difficult fortune giant architect normal normal notify notify privilege privilege cement cement yesterday yesterday Different dictionaries may show different vowels for the schwa sound.

28 CHALLENGE ridiculous syllable magnificent asparagus cinnamon


30 Day 2 - Question of the Day What new or surprising information about Martin Luther King, Jr. does this biography give?

31 Vocabulary Skill: Word Structure—Endings Sometimes the ending –ed or –ing is added to a verb or the ending –s is added to a noun. If a word with one of these endings seems hard for you, try the following:

32 Vocabulary Skill: Word Structure—Endings – Cover the ending and identify the base form of the verb or noun. – Do you know this word? If you do, think about its meaning. Picture the action the verb describes. – If you do not, check the words around the word. Try to find clues that can help you figure out the meaning. – Check to see if the meaning makes sense in the sentence.

33 ancestors people from whom you are descended, such as your great-grandparents

34 avoided kept away from; kept out of the way of

35 generations periods of about thirty years, or the time from the birth of one generation to the birth of the next generation

36 minister member of the clergy; spiritual guide; pastor member of the clergy; spiritual guide; pastor

37 numerous very many

38 pulpit platform or raised structure in a church from which the minister preaches

39 shielding protecting; defending

40 confronted faced boldly, opposed

41 injustice lack of justice, fairness, lawfulness

42 nourishing keep well-fed and healthy; producing health and growth

43 demonstrating taking part in a parade or meeting to protest or to make demands

44 integrate to make public places available to people or all races on an equal basis

45 sympathy agreement; approval; favor

46 Weekly Fluency Check - Phrasing ● Read aloud “A Class of One”. Explain that you will group words that make sense together. ● Partners read aloud p. 651, paragraph 1, three times. Group words into meaningful phrases. Give each other feedback.

47 3. Violence is dramatic, and nonviolence is often effectiver. 4. Its diffecult not to fight back when others are fighting you.

48 Let’s Review... The conjunction is the seventh of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight: Noun Pronoun Adjective Verb Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection

49 First, let's start with a basic definition: Conjunctions are words that join words or groups of words. There are two main types: coordinating conjunctions subordinating conjunctions

50 Coordinating conjunctions include : And Or But For Nor These conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.

51 Let’s practice... Write 3 sentences that include coordinating conjunctions. Do they connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value?

52 Independent Clauses: Clauses of equal value are called independent clauses and can stand on their own as separate sentences. Example: John is running in this race and I am carrying his water bottle. Each clause can stand alone: John is running in this race. I am carrying his water bottle. Double check your sentences - conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.

53 Subordinating conjunctions: Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses. Dependent clauses cannot stand alone as a single sentence. In fact, the clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.

54 Dependent Clauses: Dependent Clauses cannot stand alone as a single sentence. The clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning. Example: Since I will not be home, Tina will answer the phone. "Since I will not be home" doesn't make sense by itself. It is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.

55 Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions include: Although*When Because*Before As*If While Until Whether Since After So that Subordinating Conjunctions

56 Now let’s practice... Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses. With a partner, come up with at least 3 examples of sentences that include Subordinating Conjunctions that introduce Dependent Clauses.

57 Group Work Readers & WB 254 Spelling Day 2 Language Arts Day 2 Tri-Fold Section 2 SmartBoard- Vocabulary Review





62 Day 3 - Question of the Day How do Martin Luther King, Jr. s’ experiences show the power or words to change the world?

63 Review Questions 1.What is an opinion about Martin’s father? 2.What is the main idea of the selection? 3.Is it a fact or an opinion that the King children played with two white boys? 4.How were the King’s children and the two white boys alike? 5.What was the result of the King’s losing their friends?

64 Review Questions 6. Why did Martin Luther King, Jr. tell his mother that he would “one day (…) turn the world upside down?” 7. What did M.L. and his father have in common? 8. Why did the father refuse to buy shoes from a store owner? 9. What does the sentence, “These stories were as nourishing as the food that was set before us,” mean?

65 10. What was M.L. ‘s dream? 11. Why did the author write the story? 12. How does the picture on page 654 show the difference that M.L. made?

66 Ministers often preach from behind a pulpit.


68 Martin Luther King, Jr. made numerous speeches about equality.


70 Slaves lived without freedom for many generations.


72 In the 1960s, schools were forced to integrate public schools.

73 Norman Rockwell’s “The Problem We All Live With”

74 Many white students stood outside integrated schools demonstrating their anger of having to go to school with colored people.


76 Very few white people had sympathy for colored families.


78 The Underground Railroad was one way of shielding runaway slaves.

79 Link

80 Slaves who had run away avoided places where they could be recognized by anyone.




84 5. Men, woman, but children fought for rights of black Americans. 6. They marched threw the streets, in protest.

85 Group Work SmartBoard- Reading Review Partner Read & WB Spelling Day 3 Language Day 3 Tri-Fold Section3






91 Day 4 - Question of the Day Why do you think poems by young people were paired with the biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.?

92 7. Rev. King dream that the world would be a more good place. 8. Parts of his dream comed true, there is still work to be done.

93 Conjunction Quiz Find the conjunctions in the following sentences. Label them “C” for coordinating or “S” for subordinating. 1.He listened to the man's story and reported it to the policeman on duty. 2.I haven't seen my brother since he left for college. 3.Your aunt or your uncle will pick you up from school today. 4.Tom, Jane, Sue, and Tim will be going on the trip.

94 Conjunction Quiz Find the conjunctions in the following sentences. Label them “C” for coordinating or “S” for subordinating. 5.I remember the old school book, for it was once mine. 6.Sarah did not feel well, but she went to class anyway. 7.Although the old man was hungry, he never said a word to anyone. 8.I think I heard that on the television or radio, although I am not sure.

95 Group Work Reading Computer Test Essay Questions Tri-Fold Section 4 Language Day 4



98 Essay Questions 1.How does the last picture show the changes that M.L. made in the world? 2.What was the dream that M.L. had? 3.What did the author mean when she said the stories her parents told “were as nourishing as the food that was set before us”?

99 Day 5 - Question of the Week How can words change people’s lives?

100 Research Skill Note Taking Note Taking As you read, take notes to help you understand and remember the text. Notes should be brief and focus on the most important information. Use keywords, phrases, or short sentences. Paraphrase, or restate, someone’s idea using your own words.

101 Research Skill Note Taking Note Taking Synthesize, or combine, information from different parts of the text or from tow or more texts. Look for ideas that go together. Add your own thoughts. Record findings in an organized way, such as a graphic organizer, a summary, or an outline. Include information about sources you read.

102 Research Skill Note Taking 1.How is this article organized? chronologically 2.Paraphrase the first sentence in the article. Both Cesar Chavez and Dr. King understood the value of equal rights. 3.Why is it important to take note of the fact that Chavez was a migrant worker? It led him to do the work he did as an a adult fighting for civil rights. 4.Is the detail about Chavez joining the U.S. Navy important enough to include in your notes? Why or why not? No, because the article doesn’t focus on what he did in the navy.

103 Research Skill Note Taking 5.What did Chavez do with the Community Service Organization? He spoke out against discrimination and encouraged voting. 6.What methods of peaceful protest did Chavez use? strikes, fasts, urging people to stop buying certain products 7.Why is it important to write down only the most important ideas when note-taking? If I wrote down every idea and every detail, I wouldn’t be able to focus on the author’s main ideas.

104 Research Skill Note Taking 8.When taking notes for a report, it is important to write down the title and author of the book or article you are reading. Why do you need to do this? I might need to go back to what I was reading to check for more information. 9.Describe a graphic organizer you might use to organize your notes. I would draw a web. I would put Cesar Chavez in a center circle and write important details about his life in surrounding circles. 10.Copy a section of your notes from the article in the lines below. born in 1927, Arizona; worked as migrant farmer; fought for rights of Latinos

105 9. King was a great american, and a day is named in her honor. 10. At our school we always reads on of Kings speeches.

106 Group Work SmartBoard- Timeline of Martin Luther King, Jr SmartBoard- Timeline of Martin Luther King, Jr Note Taking Quiz Reading WB Language Arts Day 5 Tri-Fold Section 5 Writing Assignment





111 Write and announcement promoting some fictional event using as many of the spelling words as possible. The event may be a play, a contest or a sporting event.

112 Additional Resources Time Line Bio-Cube- Online writing Vocabulary Game SmartBoard- Vocabulary Review SmartBoard- Reading Review Brain Pop- Conjunctions Main Idea


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