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Define the following terms. Explain what it means to you… Debate Debate Respect Respect Argue Argue.

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Presentation on theme: "Define the following terms. Explain what it means to you… Debate Debate Respect Respect Argue Argue."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Define the following terms. Explain what it means to you… Debate Debate Respect Respect Argue Argue

3 Resolved: Justice requires the recognition of animal rights.

4 LD: Lincoln-Douglas Debate History:  Illinois senatorial debates between Abraham Lincoln & Stephen Douglas  Became high school competitive event

5 Types of propositions LD uses propositions of value: good or bad, right or wrong, useful or useless LD uses propositions of value: good or bad, right or wrong, useful or useless Different from CX which uses propositions of policy: what should be done about a problem, what changes should be made Different from CX which uses propositions of policy: what should be done about a problem, what changes should be made

6 LD Format & time limits 6: AFF constructive 6: AFF constructive 3: NEG CX 3: NEG CX 7: NEG constructive 7: NEG constructive 3: AFF CX 3: AFF CX 4: AFF Rebuttal 4: AFF Rebuttal 6: NEG Rebuttal 6: NEG Rebuttal 3: AFF Rebuttal 3: AFF Rebuttal –Also: 4 minutes of prep. time allowed

7 LD Format AFF speaks more than NEG- AFF has burden of proof AFF speaks more than NEG- AFF has burden of proof Times are equal for both AFF & NEG Times are equal for both AFF & NEG

8 LD Speaker Responsibilities AFF constructive: 6 min. Present AFF case including definitions AFF constructive: 6 min. Present AFF case including definitions NEG constructive: NEG constructive: –7 min. Present NEG case (approx. 5 min.), present arguments that clash w/ AFF positions in 1 st speech –(approx. 2 min. to attack AFF); will not be able to introduce new arguments in rebuttal –(only new evidence, reasoning, or responses to arguments already stated), – so set up arguments now For each case- have at least one quote per argument; use philosophers for support For each case- have at least one quote per argument; use philosophers for support

9 LD Speaker Responsibilities 1 st AFF Rebuttal: 4 min. Respond to NEG case, reestablish AFF issues by comparing them to NEG’s issues, proving AFF to be better position 1 st AFF Rebuttal: 4 min. Respond to NEG case, reestablish AFF issues by comparing them to NEG’s issues, proving AFF to be better position NEG Rebuttal: 6 min. Challenge comparisons established by AFF, extend arguments denying AFF’s case w/ evidence & reasoning, reinforce NEG positions, summarize debate to NEG’s advantage NEG Rebuttal: 6 min. Challenge comparisons established by AFF, extend arguments denying AFF’s case w/ evidence & reasoning, reinforce NEG positions, summarize debate to NEG’s advantage 2 nd AFF Rebuttal: 3 min. Reestablish comparisons of value, proving AFF position to be strongest, summarize debate to AFF’s advantage 2 nd AFF Rebuttal: 3 min. Reestablish comparisons of value, proving AFF position to be strongest, summarize debate to AFF’s advantage ALL: Include voting issues- why you should win! ALL: Include voting issues- why you should win!

10 What law changed today? What effect might that law have on the future?

11 This Saturday is the UIL Super Conference ! $5 per student and they also need to bring money for lunch. $5 per student and they also need to bring money for lunch. SPEECH & DEBATE: Jana Riggins, UIL director of speech & debate. Bus will leave from here and return you here.

12 9:00 – 10:30 a.m. Prose and Poetry: An Introduction. Acquaints beginning students with the UIL interpretation contests rules and procedures. Includes student demonstrations. Judy Mulholland, Mexia HS. SH 186 Documentation Details: Prose & Poetry Categories. For advanced oral interpretation competitors and coaches. Discussion of problematic websites and other documentation issues for the current categories. Ron Dodson, Austin. SH 135 The Basics of Lincoln-Douglas Debate. Familiarizes beginning students with value debate. Learn debate format for LD, along with speaker responsibilities and case construction. Holly Reineking, Kingwood Park HS. SH 138 Advanced Lincoln-Douglas Debate Strategies. For advanced LD debaters. Discussion of advanced strategies used in LD debate. Harold Mulholland, Mexia HS. SH 133 Cross-Examination Debate Basics. For beginners. Getting started in CX team debate. Explanation of policy debate terminology, speaker responsibilities, and case construction. Scott Alderson. SH 134 The Economics of Space Exploration. For advanced CX debaters. A discussion on how federal regulatory barriers can be reduced for firms developing new rocketships, space planes, and various moon and space exploration projects. Gregory Rehmke, Economic Thinking. SH 139

13 10:45 – NOON Interp: From Invitational to State: The Journey of a Lifetime! Examining the preparation necessary for prose and poetry from the beginning to the end of the journey. Ron Dodson, Austin. SH 186 An Introduction to Extemporaneous Speaking. For beginners. The basics to get started in persuasive and informative speaking. Student demonstration by state medalist included. Holly Reineking, Kingwood Park HS. SH 133 Economics for Extemporaneous Speaking. For advanced speakers. An introduction to economic principles, with applications for speech and debate. Gregory Rehmke, Economic Thinking. SH 139 LD Debate: Fall Topic Analysis. An examination of the UIL fall value topic over capital punishment in Texas. Larry McCarty, Bellville. SH 134 CX Demonstration. Watch a live demonstration of a policy debate round presented by Brenham HS. Moderated by Andy Hart, Brenham HS. SH 138 Coaches Corner. Creative ideas and tips on building

14 12:15 – 1:30 p.m. Prose and Poetry Performance Hour. Performances by state medalists critiqued by experienced judges. Critics: Ron Dodson, Austin; Joanna Hickey, Boling HS. SH 186 Electronic Extemp Files. Discussion will focus on the new guidelines for using electronic retrieval devices in Extemporaneous Speaking. Instruction on how to set up electronic files for use in the UIL prep room. Scott Alderson. SH 134 Extemp: Winning Traits of a Successful Speaker. Examining what it takes to be a great extemporaneous speaker. Larry McCarty, Bellville. SH 135 LD Debate: Show Me How It’s Done. A demonstration of a Lincoln-Douglas debate round by state debaters. Moderated by Harold Mulholland, Mexia HS. SH 133 Advanced LD Debate: The Economics of Criminal Justice. Is capital punishment unjust to victims and criminals? A review of the three “Rs”: Retribution, Rehabilitation and Restitution. Gregory Rehmke, Economic Thinking. SH 139 CX Debate Topic Analysis. Discussion led by the author of the study report on space presented at the national cross-examination debate topic selection meeting. Examining affirmative and negative positions on the space topic. Chad Flisowski, Port Lavaca Calhoun HS. SH 138

15 Case Construction: Start Topic analysis Topic analysis Case needs to include: Case needs to include: –Intro. –Statement of resolution Resolved: Justice requires the recognition of animal rights. Resolved: Justice requires the recognition of animal rights. –Definition of terms –Value to be defended –Criteria for evaluating debate –Outline of issues to be debated w/ evidence & reasoning to support issues –Justification of issues or values as key elements

16 LD Values Values- something so prized by society it becomes a goal in life (liberty, security, safety, equality, justice, progress, etc.) Values- something so prized by society it becomes a goal in life (liberty, security, safety, equality, justice, progress, etc.) Types: Types: –Moral- ethical means –Political- constitutional principles, power –Utilitarian- efficiency of means; usefulness or effectiveness of behavior

17 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physical- survival (food, water, shelter) Physical- survival (food, water, shelter) Security- protection from threats Security- protection from threats Belonging- love Belonging- love Self-esteem- status, respect Self-esteem- status, respect Self-actualization- fulfillment, being all we can be! Self-actualization- fulfillment, being all we can be!

18 LD Criteria Needs to relate to value! Needs to relate to value! How to judge if value is met How to judge if value is met Keep value & criterion upheld throughout debate Keep value & criterion upheld throughout debate

19 C-W-I Claim – Dignity Claim – Dignity Warrant – Biocentrism Warrant – Biocentrism Impact – We weigh our value of dignity through the concept of Biocentrism. Impact – We weigh our value of dignity through the concept of Biocentrism. –In other words we respect nature through this concept and doing so gives dignity to animals.

20 Cross examination Prepare questions ahead of time Prepare questions ahead of time Set up arguments to be used in your rebuttal Set up arguments to be used in your rebuttal Avoid open-ended questions unless getting opponent to explain how or why Avoid open-ended questions unless getting opponent to explain how or why Be polite & direct Be polite & direct When being examined… When being examined… –If you don’t understand, have them clarify –Try to give direct answers –Don’t fall into a trap!

21 Steps of Effective Refutation State opponent’s argument as close as you can State opponent’s argument as close as you can Provide brief summary of what they said Provide brief summary of what they said Indicate what they left out Indicate what they left out Give your arguments Give your arguments Summarize & move on (For each argument) Summarize & move on (For each argument)

22 Rebuttals Where you win the debate! Where you win the debate! Be organized Be organized Don’t just summarize speech Don’t just summarize speech Answer every point on the flow Answer every point on the flow Signpost- tell judge which point you are refuting Signpost- tell judge which point you are refuting

23 Making evidence cards Get articles Get articles Bracket evidence in articles (put brackets around 2-3 sentences you chose as evidence) Bracket evidence in articles (put brackets around 2-3 sentences you chose as evidence) Cut out the evidence Cut out the evidence Tape or glue the evidence to paper Tape or glue the evidence to paper Source cite the evidence (Author, qualifications, date, book/mag./etc. name & page number right before each piece of evidence) Source cite the evidence (Author, qualifications, date, book/mag./etc. name & page number right before each piece of evidence) Tag the evidence (Write a 4-9 word complete sentence that accurately & persuasively states the main point of the evidence Tag the evidence (Write a 4-9 word complete sentence that accurately & persuasively states the main point of the evidence


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