Presentation on theme: "General Understanding of Debating. Organized public argument on a specific topic. With one side arguing in favor and the other team opposing the issue."— Presentation transcript:
General Understanding of Debating
Organized public argument on a specific topic. With one side arguing in favor and the other team opposing the issue. Organized = Rules Public = Audience Arguments = well-explained opinions Debate arguments use reasoning and evidence to support opinion.
Are not organized Have no rules Have no speaking order Does not have a specific time for speakers One speaker may try to shout down another The discussion is for the people involved in the misunderstanding not an audience. May lead to more than one topic
It has a narrow topic Similar to arguments made in a court before a jury There are two sides called proposition and opposition Both sides use evidence There is a judge or jury One side has the burden of proof
The proposition team has the same job as the prosecution lawyer. They have the burden of proving their case They select their best reasons and evidence to present The team does not have to prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt; it just has to show that the case is more likely to be true than false
The opposition team has the same job as the defense counsel. It must show that the propositions case is wrong. The opposition tries to find holes in the propositions reasoning and evidence The opposition team may introduce its own arguments to prove that the proposition case is incorrect
In a debate a judge functions as a jury. The judge is the finder of fact. He/she will listen to the arguments and consider the reasoning and evidence from each team. The judge decides which team has won
Debate topics are usually announced 2-4 weeks before the debate is held Topics are selected to provide a range of issues: Personal Educational Social Political Economic Cultural
There are two different types of topics: extemporaneous topics and impromptu topics An extemporaneous topic is one that you can prepare for. Topics are given several weeks in advance Research the main arguments for and against. Organize some notes about the arguments An impromptu topic is one that is not known before the debate is ready to begin.
2 Teams: Proposition & Opposition About 3 students on each team. One student is the 1 st speaker One is the 2 nd speaker The 3 rd is the teams rebuttal speaker.
Speakers make their presentations in the following order: First Speaker, Proposition Team5min First Speaker, Opposition Team5min Second Speaker, Proposition Team5min Second Speaker, Opposition Team5min Rebuttal Speaker, Opposition Team3min Rebuttal Speaker, Proposition Team3min
The first four speeches (5min speeches) are called constructive speeches. In these speeches each team will construct or build its arguments. The two final speeches are called rebuttal speeches. In these speeches the debaters make the best case for their side and eliminate the major points of the other team No new arguments are permitted in the rebuttal speeches!
Before the debate begins teams are given preparation time to review their notes, speak with their coaches and teammates, and copy materials for use. Extemporaneous topics = 20min preparation Impromptu topics = 30min preparation
Students may review any information that would help them prepare for their debate before a competition or during the preparation period. Materials include: Books Magazine/Newspaper Articles Websites Class Notes
Once the debate begins students MAY NOT REVIEW OR USE any materials that were not prepared during the preparation period. Students MAY NOT READ PREPARED SPEECHES in a debate. Using pre-prepared materials is a serious violation of the rules and may mean losing a debate.
Similar to an introduction to a formal paper. Introduce yourself/team and the topic you will be debating. Tell what you are going to argue during the debate and tell why your team should win.
Like the body of a formal paper. Present the evidence that proves your position is correct. Argument should be factual and persuasive. Opinions not backed by facts could be used to show the weakness of your case, so be careful!
Presentment of counter evidence that shows: false, inaccurate, misrepresented, or weak points in the opposition’s argument.
Like the closing paragraph of a formal paper. Summarize the key points your team presented. Conclude with a persuasive argument that will win the debate for you even if you are losing based on facts!