Presentation on theme: "Basic Concepts of American Government"— Presentation transcript:
1 Basic Concepts of American Government Government is designed to protect citizen’s rights while managing national interests.
2 Basic Notions of Democracy Each individual has worthAll individuals are equalThe majority should rule but must respect minority rightsCompromise is necessaryEach individual must have the widest possible degree of freedomThe nation’s free enterprise economy reinforces the belief in individual freedom
3 Constitutional Principles Popular SovereigntySeparation of PowersChecks and BalancesLimited GovernmentFederalism
4 Popular SovereigntyPeople are the most important source of governmental powerThe government operates with the consent of the peopleThe people hold the powerInfluenced by the Declaration of Independence and RousseauFramers of Constitution valued because of their experience with a kingWhat role does popular sovereignty play today?
5 Separation of PowersPrevents any one group from or individual from becoming too powerful so they divided the power:Executive branchLegislative branchJudicial branchFramers feared a powerful king
6 Checks and BalancesSystem that allows each branch to exert some control over the other branches, so that no branch becomes all powerfulEach branch has specified ways to check the power of the other branches
7 Legislative Checks Overrides presidential vetoes Approves presidential appointmentsApproves treatiesTaxes to provide servicesProvides for defense/declares warRegulates money and tradeImpeaches officials
8 Executive Checks Can veto laws Appoints high officials Conducts foreign policyEnforces laws and treatiesCommander in chief of the militaryRecommends bills to CongressReports the state of the Union to Congress
9 Judicial Checks Settles legal disputes between states Settles state and federal disputesSettles disputes between States and foreign countriesHears cases with ambassadors of foreign governmentsSettles disputes between individuals and Federal GovernmentCan rule laws passed by Congress as Unconstitutional
10 Limited Government No government is all-powerful A government may only do those things that people have given it the power to doInfluenced by the Magna CartaConstitution contains many listed restraints on government powerWhat are some of the limits we have seen while studying the Constitution?
11 FederalismThe division of power among a central government and several regional governmentsFederal/national government, state government, county government, school districtsLevels of government have specified powers:National powersConcurrent Powers=shared between state and nationalReserved Powers=State powers
12 The Division of Power National Powers Concurrent Powers State Powers Coin MoneyRegulate interstate and foreign tradeRaise and maintain armed forcesDeclare warConduct foreign relationsLevy and collect taxesBorrow moneyEstablish courtsDefine crimes and set punishmentsClaim private property for public useRegulate trade and business within stateEstablish public schoolsPass license requirements for professionalsRegulate alcoholic beveragesConduct elections
13 Premises of Government Due ProcessRule of lawEqual protection under the law
14 Due ProcessGovernment can not deprive individuals of life, liberty or property without proper notice of impending actions as stated in the 14th AmendmentIn whatever it does, government must act fairly and in accord with established rules
15 Rule of Law No one or thing is above the law Government and its officers are always subject to law
16 Equal Protection Under the Law Everyone is treated the same under the law (14th Amendment)Can not be based on race, religion, gender, etc.
17 Supremacy ClauseUS Constitution and Federal laws are the highest in the landStates can not make laws that are in defiance of a federal law
18 Report CardYour Assignment: Answer the following question by creating a report card for government. Question: How is our government doing in fulfilling its purposes and guidelines?
19 InstructionsOn a piece of white paper create a chart similar to this, but just pick 3 of the purposes/guidelines.Purpose/GuidelineLetter GradeExplanation (3 -5 sentence minimum with specific examples)Popular SovereigntySeparation of PowersChecks and BalancesLimited GovernmentFederalismDue ProcessRule of LawEqual Protection