17Use of Land & Water Gulf of Mexico for food Dugout canoes LONG cedar bows3 foot arrows made of sugar caneWeapons & tools from seashells or wood
18Clothing Nude or breechcloths and grass skirts Sugar cane body piercingsVery tall and powerfully builtCoated bodies with alligator/shark grease to ward off mosquitoes (VERY Stinky!!!)Tattooed faces with blue lines and figuresChokers of shell, glass, pistachio nuts or metalAbout 6 ft tall and said to be UGLY! Males often braided their hair in three strands into which they inserted bright objects. Females wore their hair long and straight.
19Foods Oysters & Clams Scallops & Fish Turtles Locusts Prairie hens and quail
20HomesWinter months spent along coast: Small huts of willow poles with draped animal skins and grassSummer months spent inland: several sticks with woven mats over it
21Customs Flattened babies heads with cradleboards Like other tribes they ate the flesh of their enemies believing they would gain their enemy’s courageKarankawa = dog loversWrestlersMitotesKarankawas meant dog lovers or dog raisers because they kept coyote like dogsMitotes – religious ceremony that lasted 3 day after successful fishing or hunting expeditions. Drank huge quantities of an intoxicating tea made from yaupon. Women not included at all."“Caw Wacham: Flathead Woman with Child”." Online Photograph. Britannica Student Encyclopædia. 2 Sept. 2008 <http://student.britannica.com/eb/art-94957>.
22Coahuilticans Coahuilticans Poorest of all Indians thus most susceptible to the promise of missions.Coahuilticans
23Use of Land & Water Very primitive Spent most of their time in search of foodNomadic
24Clothing Men: little or no clothing (breechcloths) Women: short skirts of buckskinSmall peopleBlack stripes painted over bodies & facesEarrings of shell & decorative feathers
25Food Ate almost anything they could find and digest Pecans, acorns, nuts, sunflower seedsMesquite beans & Prickly Pear CactusRabbits, turtles, snakes, lizards, deer, dogs, horses, pemmican (jerky made with meat/berries)Spiders, ants, worms, rotten wood, deer dungFish and maggots!Dirt!Prickly Pear CactusMesquite BeansInstead of eating the fish they would set the fish on a rock in the sun for several days. When the fish was rotten and full of maggots they would eat the fish and the maggots and any other insects that might be in or on the fish.
26HomesBrush WickiupsCircular shape made of willow bent into dome shapeCovered with grass, brush or hides
27Customs Shamans very important Mitotes Strong people known for enduranceLegend has said that the Coahuiltecan Indians were well adapted to their environment in south Texas. They hunted deer on foot and could run as fast as many animals without any rest.Mhln.com
29Use of Land & Water Settled along Concho river and farmed Hunted and gatheredLittle RainfallIrrigation
30Clothing Striped Tattoos on faces COTTON tunics Capes or cloaks Color feathersYucca SandalsWomen had brief skirts or aprons and short sleeveless tunics, and both men and women used capes or cloaks for protection against the weather. Men cut their hair short, decorated it with paint, and left one long lock to which the feathers of various birds might be tied. Women may have worn their hair long or in braids. The Jumanos were characterized as a rayado (striped) people because of a distinctive pattern of facial marking in horizontal lines or bars.
31Food Pinon nuts, mesquite beans & squash Pottery and gourds to cook BuffaloPinon NutsGourdsMequite BeansSquash
32Homes Pueblos made of stone or adobe (sun-dried mud) Square flat roofs partially underground
33Customs Striped facial tattoos = peaceful trader (Middlemen) Special house for visitorsHeads bowed = “welcome”Arrows were so well-made Eastern tribes were eager to tradeMhln.com