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Whispers in the Wind: Rediscovering Native Americans of Texas Created By Carmen Phillips Krimmel Intermediate.

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Presentation on theme: "Whispers in the Wind: Rediscovering Native Americans of Texas Created By Carmen Phillips Krimmel Intermediate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Whispers in the Wind: Rediscovering Native Americans of Texas Created By Carmen Phillips Krimmel Intermediate

2 Caddo Jumanos Comanches West Texas Plains Piney Woods of East Texas South Texas Plains Mountains and Basins Region Along Gulf Coast from Galveston to Corpus Christi

3 Comanches (most feared tribe)

4 Dirt storms and tornadoes “Comancheria” Battled intruders Use of Land & Water

5 Clothing Breechcloth made of tanned buffalo hide Leggings Buffalo robes Boots & snowshoes Painted faces RED Braided Hair Feathered Headdresses

6 Foods Buffalo – every part of it used, boiled, broiled, eaten raw or as jerky Nuts and berries Drank warm animal blood

7 Homes Buffalo hide Tepees

8 Customs Life centered around 2 activities: Hunting & War Horse = most important possession (buried with them) Expert Horsemen

9 Caddo

10 Use of Land & Water Fertile land for farming Trotlines Hunted Deer (most important animal)

11 Clothing Deerskin and fur capes Shells Tattoos Men: Mohawks Women: Long parted in middle

12 Do you see any similarities with today’s styles? Marek Adney of Austin, TX

13 Foods CORN, ate beans, sunflowers, melons, pumpkins, tobacco and squash Deer, buffalo and javelina Used traps and trotlines

14 Homes Beehive shaped grass huts 25- 40 feet diameter. Up to 40 people in one hut

15 Customs Huge burial mounds Weepers Confederacy with 2 leaders: –1 war & peace leader –1 religious leader Made Pottery & wove mats from bamboo

16 Karankawas

17 Use of Land & Water Gulf of Mexico for food Dugout canoes LONG cedar bows 3 foot arrows made of sugar cane Weapons & tools from seashells or wood

18 Clothing Nude or breechcloths and grass skirts Sugar cane body piercings Very tall and powerfully built Coated bodies with alligator/shark grease to ward off mosquitoes (VERY Stinky!!!) Tattooed faces with blue lines and figures Chokers of shell, glass, pistachio nuts or metal

19 Foods Oysters & Clams Scallops & Fish Turtles Locusts Prairie hens and quail

20 Homes Winter months spent along coast: Small huts of willow poles with draped animal skins and grass Summer months spent inland: several sticks with woven mats over it

21 Customs Flattened babies heads with cradleboards Like other tribes they ate the flesh of their enemies believing they would gain their enemy’s courage Karankawa = dog lovers Wrestlers Mitotes "“Caw Wacham: Flathead Woman with Child”." Online Photograph. Britannica Student Encyclopædia. 2 Sept. 2008. 94957

22 Coahuilticans

23 Use of Land & Water Very primitive Spent most of their time in search of food Nomadic

24 Clothing Men: little or no clothing (breechcloths) Women: short skirts of buckskin Small people Black stripes painted over bodies & faces Earrings of shell & decorative feathers

25 Food Ate almost anything they could find and digest Pecans, acorns, nuts, sunflower seeds Mesquite beans & Prickly Pear Cactus Rabbits, turtles, snakes, lizards, deer, dogs, horses, pemmican (jerky made with meat/berries) Spiders, ants, worms, rotten wood, deer dung Fish and maggots! Dirt! Prickly Pear Cactus Mesquite Beans

26 Homes Brush Wickiups Circular shape made of willow bent into dome shape Covered with grass, brush or hides

27 Customs Shamans very important Mitotes Strong people known for endurance

28 Jumanos

29 Use of Land & Water Settled along Concho river and farmed Hunted and gathered Little Rainfall Irrigation

30 Clothing Striped Tattoos on faces COTTON tunics Capes or cloaks Color feathers Yucca Sandals

31 Food Pinon nuts, mesquite beans & squash Pottery and gourds to cook Buffalo Gourds Pinon Nuts Squash Mequite Beans

32 Homes Pueblos made of stone or adobe (sun-dried mud) Square flat roofs partially underground html

33 Customs Striped facial tattoos = peaceful trader (Middlemen) Special house for visitors Heads bowed = “welcome” Arrows were so well-made Eastern tribes were eager to trade

34 Comanche Kiowa Mescalero Apache Lipan Apache Tonkawa Wichita Caddo Atakapan Karankawas Coahuiltecans Concho Jumano


36 Interactive Websites How many ways to use a buffalo: Buffalo Matching Game: ml ml World of the Caddo: Talking Hands plains/kids/talking/index.html plains/kids/talking/index.html Imagine It:

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