Presentation on theme: "Appearance Government Location in Texas transportation Food Sources"— Presentation transcript:
1 Appearance Government Location in Texas transportation Food Sources Name of TribeAppearanceGovernmentName of CultureA. How small or large of a groupdo they live or associate with?Small nomadic bands to largeconfederacies?B. Do they have leadership?C. Do shamans have a role?D. How do they interact with otherCultures? Do they fight ortrade?A. What do they look like? Dothey have special tattoos,haircuts, jewelry or piercings?B. What do they wear forclothing?C. Are they especially tall orshort?D. Do they paint or greasetheir bodies?Location in TexastransportationFood SourcesDwellingsA. How do they obtain theirfood? Hunter/gatherers?Farmers? Fishermen? Acombination of these?B. Do they use special tools orweapons to obtain food?C. What do they hunt, grow, orscavenge?D. Is one type of food moreimportant than others?A. What do their dwellings looklike?B. Do their dwellings show thatthey have adapted to theirsurroundings and use availablematerials?C. Is their housing permanent ortemporary? WHY?D. If their housing is temporary,do they take it with them orabandon it?A. What is their common way oftransporting people orequipment when they travel,relocate, or hunt/fish/gather?
3 COMANCHE Plains Culture Comanche means “enemy” in the language of the Ute Indians, their neighbors.The Comanche became known as “Lords of theSouthern Plains.”
4 Comanche GovernmentThe Comanche lived in small groups, called bands, thatwere led by chiefs. Band chiefs would all meettogether to discuss and make decisions on importantthings.
5 Comanche Appearance Comanche women wore long deerskin dresses. Men wore deerskin breechcloths,leggings, andshirts. In winter they wore buffalo hide coats.They wore leather moccasins on their feet.The Comanche wore feather headdresses – theMore feathers, the more achievements. Theywore their hair long. Men put it in braids.The Comanche painted their faces for specialfighting or hunting occasions. They often woretribal tattoos on their chests.
6 Comanche Housing Comanche lived in tepees of tanned buffalo hides and long poles The tepee was designed to set upand break down easily like a modern tent. Thewhole tribe could be ready to move in 30 minutes.
7 Comanche Food The Comanche staple food was the buffalo which they dried or made into a sausage called pemican.They also ate smaller game like deer or rabbit, fishedin rivers or ponds, and gathered nuts, berries, andwild potatoes.
8 Comanche Transportation The Comanche were skilled horsemen.Children began riding around 4 years old.The horse allowed the Comanche totravel long distances in pursuit ofbuffalo herds.
10 Caddo Government The Caddo lived in tribes of permanent villages. The tribes were organized into a large confederacyWhich would decide important issues, trade witheach other, and provide protection for those whowere threatened.The Caddos built large mounds of earth to put theirImportant government and religious buildings on.
11 Caddo AppearanceThe Caddo grew cotton, dyed it with vegetable dyes, and spun it into beautiful cloth. The Caddo also usedLeather to make clothes. Men usually wore breech cloths when it was warm.Both men and women tattooed their bodies and faces.Men would usually shave their heads, leaving one longstrip down the middle. Then they would paint theirshaved heads.
12 Caddo Housing The Caddo lived in tall, cone-shaped huts made of poles and grass. They were furnished with chairs,Beds, and animal skins. They were quite comfortable.
13 Caddo Food The Caddo were farmers. Their primary crop was Corn, but they also farmed beans and squash.Men hunted for small game and fished using atrotline, which they strung across a creek tocatch several fish at one time. They would alsofind berries, roots, and nuts.
14 Caddo Transportation Caddos walked most places. They did have canoes to get down or across rivers. They also used dogs tohelp them transport items on trips.
16 Jumano Government The Jumano lived in small bands and did not have a chief. Different bands helped eachother occasionally. Jumano representativeswould visit other groups to ask for help whenneeded or to trade goods (barter) andServices.
17 Jumano Appearance The Jumano usually wore clothing made from animal hide. The men usually worelittle clothing at all.Since many Jumanos were peacefultraders (they bartered) throughoutTexas and beyond, they wanted to beeasily recognized. They tattooed stripeson their cheeks. The men shaved theirheads, all except one long lock of hair,which they decorated.
18 Jumano Housing The Jumano lived in dwellings made of adobe. Sometimes these adobe houses would be builttogether in the form of pueblos.
19 Jumano Food Farming provided the main source of food for the Jumano. They farmed along the few rivers and learned how toirrigate their crops. They grew corn, beans, and rice.The Jumano also hunted small game and foraged foredible cactii.
20 Jumano Transportation The usual form of transportation for the Jumano wasto walk. To help them transport the goods they traded,the Jumano would often attach a travois, or sled, toa dog.
22 Karankawa Government Had a chief. This chief was appointed because he was the first-born male of the oldest member of thetribe.
23 Karankawa AppearanceKarankawa Indians were known to be very tall people.Many were over six feet tall. The men wore simpleBreech cloths and the women wore grass skirts.Since mosquitoes and other insects were a problem,Karankawas would smear aligator fat over theirbodies for protection.The Karankawa would also tattoo bold patterns ontheir bodies.
24 Karankawa Housing Karankawa housing was temporary grass and cane huts called wickiups.
25 Karankawa Food Fall and winter they would camp near the gulf to catch Fish and other seafood.Spring and summer they would camp in the forest tohunt for small game and scaveng for nuts and berries.
26 Karankawa Transportation The most prized possession of a Karankawa IndianWas his dugout canoe.
28 Coahuiltecan Government The Coahuiltecans organized themselves as small bands.Sometimes these small bands made alliances with otherbands.
29 Coahuiltecan Appearance *Wore very little clothing. Breech cloths, fiber sandals* In winter, wore cloaks of rabbit of coyote fur.* Were short, possibly because of continued poor diet.
30 Coahuiltecan Housing Coahuiltecan Indians sometimes built wickiup huts out of poles and grasses.
31 Coahuiltecan Food * Men hunted small game with bows and arrows. * They also scavenged for lizards,snakes, and insects, and cactii.* A favorite dish was to let a fishlay in the sun for days to rot andfill with maggots.
32 Coahuiltecan Transportation They walked. These Indians were nomads – alwaysmoving in search for food.