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Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi.

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Presentation on theme: "Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi Bay, along the Gulf of Mexico in the Gulf Coast Plain Housing Wigwams- Circular huts Dress deer skin, breech cloth, grass skirts wore alligator fat as a bug repellent Food Source deer, small animals, fish, seaturtles, shellfish, bird eggs Interesting Fact Children had 2 names, one for the tribe, and a secret family name. They also painted themselves with bright colors.

2 Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi Bay, along the Gulf of Mexico in the Gulf Coast Plain Southern Texas along the Gulf of Mexico in the Gulf Coast Plain Housing Wigwams- Circular huts Did not have permanent housing. Put animal skin over bent branches. Dress deer skin, breech cloth, grass skirts wore alligator fat as a bug repellent wore little clothing, grass skirts and deer skin Food Source deer, small animals, fish, seaturtles, shellfish, bird eggs hunted buffalo, deer, javalina, fish, lizards, snakes, bugs, plants and lots of other stuff that is nasty Interesting Fact Children had 2 names, one for the tribe, and a secret family name. They also painted themselves with bright colors. Celebrated mitotes, all night celebrations

3 Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Southeastern Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi Bay, along the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Plain. Southern Texas along the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Plain. Eastern Texas in the Gulf Coast Plain in the Piney Woods. Housing Wigwams- Circular huts Did not have permanent housing, put animal skin over bent branches Lived in permanent villages in homes made of wood and grass roofs Dress deer skin, breech cloth, grass skirts wore alligator fat as a bug repellent wore little clothing, grass skirts and deer skin buffalo and deer skin in the winter, breech cloth, grass skirts, and straw in the summer Food Source deer, small animals, fish, seaturtles, shellfish, bird eggs hunted buffalo, deer, javalina, plants, fish, lizards, snakes, bugs, and lots of other stuff that is nasty Farmed beans, corn, squash, sunflowers seeds, and tobacco. Also hunted buffalo, deer. Used crop rotation. Interesting Fact Children had 2 names, one for the tribe, and a secret family name. They also painted themselves with bright colors. Celebrated mitotes, all night celebrations The women did all the farming and had a matrilineal society. Organized into confederacies.(Hasinai, Natchitoches, Kadohadacho)

4 Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Southeastern Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi Bay, along the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Plain. Southern Texas along the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Plain. Eastern Texas in the Gulf Coast Plain in the Piney Woods. They lived along the Red River in North Central Texas in the upper Gulf Coast Plain and Central Plains. Housing Wigwams- Circular huts Did not have permanent housing, put animal skin over bent branches Lived in permanent villages in homes made of wood and grass roofs Round homes built with bent poles and covered with grass. Dress deer skin, breech cloth, grass skirts wore alligator fat as a bug repellent wore little clothing, grass skirts and deer skin buffalo and deer skin in the winter, breech cloth, grass skirts, and straw in the summer Food Source deer, small animals, fish, seaturtles, shellfish, bird eggs hunted buffalo, deer, javalina, plants, fish, lizards, snakes, bugs, and lots of other stuff that is nasty Farmed beans, corn, squash, sunflowers seeds, and tobacco. Also hunted buffalo, deer. Used crop rotation. They hunted buffalo and deer, along with growing corn, beans, and other crops. Interesting Fact Children had 2 names, one for the tribe, and a secret family name. They also painted themselves with bright colors. Celebrated mitotes, all night celebrations The women did all the farming and had a matrilineal society. Organized into confederacies.(Hasinai, Natchitoches, Kadohadacho) They tattooed themselves to look like raccoons.

5 Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Southeastern Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi Bay, along the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Plain Southern Texas along the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Coast Plain Eastern Texas in the Gulf Coast Plain in the Piney Woods. They lived along the Red River in North Central Texas in the upper Gulf Coast Plain and Central Plains. They lived in southeastern Texas along the Gulf of Mexico in the Gulf Coast Plain. (from the Sabine River to Galveston Island) Housing Wigwams- Circular huts Did not have permanent housing, put animal skin over bent branches Lived in permanent villages in homes made of wood and grass roofs. Round homes built with bent poles and covered with grass. Dress deer skin, breech cloth, grass skirts wore alligator fat as a bug repellent wore little clothing, grass skirts and deer skin buffalo and deer skin in the winter, breech cloth, grass skirts, and straw in the summer wore breech cloth and grass clothing Food Source deer, small animals, fish, seaturtles, shellfish, bird eggs hunted buffalo, deer, javalina, fish, lizards, snakes, bugs, plants and lots of other stuff that is nasty Farmed beans, corn, squash, sunflowers seeds, and tobacco. Also hunted buffalo, deer. Used crop rotation. They hunted buffalo and deer, along with growing corn, beans, and other crops. They fished, gathered wild plants, and hunted wild game including alligator. Interesting Fact Children had 2 names, one for the tribe, and a secret family name. They also painted themselves with bright colors. Celebrated mitotes, all night celebrations The women did all the farming and had a matrilineal society. Organized into confederacies.(Hasinai, Natchitoches, Kadohadacho) They tattooed themselves to look like raccoons. They made pottery and wove baskets.

6 Texas Indians Chart InfoTonkawaApacheComancheKiowaJumano Culture Group Plains Culture Enemies of Apache Location/Region They lived in the southeastern edge of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains Housing They lived in tepees, or a cone-like dwelling made of tree limbs and buffalo hides. Dress wore clothing made of buffalo hides Food Source They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Interesting FactTheir tribe is extinct

7 Texas Indians Chart InfoTonkawaApacheComancheKiowaJumano Culture Group Plains Culture Enemies of Apache Plains Culture Lived in groups called bands Very skilled horsemen Two groups- Lipan and Mescalero Location/Region They lived in the southeastern edge of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains They lived in the western portion of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains region. Housing They lived in tepees, or a cone-like dwelling made of tree limbs and buffalo hides. Dress wore clothing made of buffalo hides Food Source They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Hunted buffalo and other small animals. Some branches also farmed a little. Interesting FactTheir tribe is extinct They plucked their eyebrow hair and both men and women wore earrings.

8 Texas Indians Chart InfoTonkawaApacheComancheKiowaJumano Culture Group Plains Culture Enemies of Apache Plains Culture Lived in groups called bands Very skilled horsemen Plains Culture lived in Groups called bands traded goods with other groups Plains Culture Fierce skilled fighters Fought to save open way of life on plains Location/Region They lived in the southeastern edge of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains They lived in the western portion of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains region. They lived in the Texas Panhandle in the Great Plains region. Area called Comancheria. Housing They lived in tepees, or a cone-like dwelling made of tree limbs and buffalo hides. Dress wore clothing made of buffalo hides Food Source They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Hunted buffalo and other small animals. Some branches also farmed a little. They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Interesting Fact Their tribe is extinct They plucked their eyebrow hair and both men and women wore earrings. They allied with the Kiowa and traded with many tribes.

9 Texas Indians Chart InfoTonkawaApacheComancheKiowaJumano Culture Group Plains Culture Enemies of Apache Plains Culture Lived in groups called bands Very skilled horsemen Plains Culture Lived in Groups called bands traded goods with other groups Plains Culture Fierce skilled fighters Fought to save open way of life on plains Location/Region They lived in the southeastern edge of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains They lived in the western portion of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains region. They lived in the Texas Panhandle in the Great Plains region. Area called Comancheria. They lived in the eastern portion of the Texas Panhandle and into western Oklahoma & Kansas Housing They lived in tepees, or a cone-like dwelling made of tree limbs and buffalo hides. Dress wore clothing made of buffalo hides Food Source They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Hunted buffalo and other small animals. Some branches also farmed a little. They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Interesting Fact Their tribe is extinct They plucked their eyebrow hair and both men and women wore earrings. They allied with the Kiowa and traded with many tribes. They were the last plains culture group to arrive in TX and carried unique shields

10 Texas Indians Chart InfoTonkawaApacheComancheKiowaJumano Culture Group Plains Culture Enemies of Apache Plains Culture Lived in groups called bands Very skilled horsemen Plains Culture Lived in Groups called bands traded goods with other groups Plains Culture Fierce skilled fighters Fought to save open way of life on plains Pueblo Culture Traded goods with other groups Used animal hides to make clothes and shelter Location/Region They lived in the southeastern edge of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains They lived in the western portion of the Edwards Plateau in the Great Plains region. They lived in the Texas Panhandle in the Great Plains region. Area called Comancheria. They lived in the eastern portion of the Texas Panhandle and into western Oklahoma & Kansas They lived near the Rio Grande in the Mountains & Basins region. Housing They lived in tepees, or a cone-like dwelling made of tree limbs and buffalo hides. They lived in adobe huts, or dwellings made of a mixture of dried clay and grass. Dress wore clothing made of buffalo hides wore clothes made of animal hides and jewelry of copper and turquoise Food Source They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. Hunted buffalo and other small animals. Some branches also farmed a little. They primarily ate buffalo, but also ate rabbits, snakes, berries, fruit and nuts. They farmed corn and other crops, along with hunting and gathering wild plants. Interesting Fact Their tribe is extinct They plucked their eyebrow hair and both men and women wore earrings. They allied with the Kiowa and traded with many tribes. They were the last plains culture group to arrive in TX and carried unique shields Their adobe houses were built large enough for several families


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