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Published byDiana Sedwick
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THE TEXAS INDIANS The Gulf Coast
LOCATION –Southern Gulf Coast up to San Antonio
LIFESTYLE Hunters & gatherers Nomadic –Followed the limited food supply –Harsh/difficult life
SHELTER Temporary houses made of mud, animal skins, and brush
MAIN FOODS Gathered food from land Cacti, nuts, spiders, snakes, lizards, and grub worms
APPEARANCE Strong: known for endurance
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Mitotes –All night celebrations
LOCATION –Galveston to Corpus Christi
LIFESTYLE Bow and Arrow –Hunting and fishing Dugout canoes Nomadic –Traveled in bands of 30-40
SHELTER Wooden Hut and Tepees
MAIN FOODS Oyster, Clams, Scallops, Mollusks, and Turtle
APPEARANCE Beautiful women Pierced chest and lips Tall/muscular men Brightly painted bodies –No clothes (men)
ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN Women took down and set up homes Women made clothing from deerskin and moss
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Wore deerskin skirts(women) Gave children special treatment
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Given two names Rubbed on alligator fat to keep off mosquitoes Loved dogs
THE TEXAS INDIANS East Texas
LOCATION –Northeast Texas along the Angelina and Neches Rivers
LIFESTYLE Richest and most advanced Friendly Willing and smart traders
Lifestyle *Matrilineal *Farmers!!! *chief called “caddi”
SHELTER Sturdy homes (domes) made of grass (50 ft. high)
MAIN FOODS Corn Beans Squash Sunflower seeds Tobacco
ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN Men helped women grow crops Women had a voice in government Women treated with dignity and respect Oldest woman controlled family
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Crop rotation Trotline Beautiful pottery Traded forest products for flint and turquoise Built huge temple and burial mounds Name: “Texas”
LOCATION –Southeast Texas Galveston Island to the Sabine River (marshy wetlands)
LIFESTYLE Matrilineal Farmers
MAIN FOODS Corn Farming (farther inland) –Not as advanced as the Caddo Wild game, nuts, berries, fish, shellfish and alligators
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Used alligator fat to keep off mosquitoes * Difficult to farm because of marshy swampland * Flooding with salt water
ALABAMA AND COUSHATTA
LOCATION –East Texas along the Trinity River Migrated from Alabama in 1700s
LIFESTYLE Farming –Vegetables, fruit trees Gathered berries, nuts Some hunting Made baskets and crafts
SHELTER Wooden cabins surrounded by vegetable gardens
CHEROKEES Latecomers ( )
LOCATION –East Texas along the Sabine, Neches, and Angelina Rivers Migrated from the east in
LIFESTYLE Cherokees intermarried and adopted a modern lifestyle Owned plantations and slaves
SHELTER Log cabins in villages
MAIN FOODS Farming –Corn, beans, pumpkins, squash
THE TEXAS INDIANS The Plains Region
All Plains tribes … Based lives and cultures on buffalo >Food, shelter, clothing, weapons, tools Nomadic – followed buffalo
*ate elk, deer, antelope, & rabbits *pemmican: dried buffalo meat mixed w/nuts & berries *warriors had high status because of bravery
LOCATION – West Texas Some mountains
LIFESTYLE Nomadic Lived much like the Pueblo Indians Raided other groups to the west Wore high leather boots for protection
MAIN FOODS Depended less on Buffalo
LOCATION –Southwest Plains
LIFESTYLE Nomadic Warfare Bow and Arrow Wore high leather boots for protection
MAIN FOODS Buffalo Gardening (rancherias) –Corn, beans, squash, maize, pumpkin
APPEARANCE Decorated with feathers Pierced left ear (6-8 times) Hair –Left short –Right Long
ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN Women got recognition for gardens
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Rode horses Raided by Comanche Feared death –Buried their dead quickly Buried with possessions
LOCATION –Plains of Texas –Panhandle into central Texas
LIFESTYLE Nomadic Warriors –Control land –Most feared –Many enemies
MAIN FOODS Buffalo Skilled traders
APPEARANCE Fancy tattoos Bright colors Braided hair Men wore buffalo headdresses
ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN War chief – best rider Peace chief –older male –recognized in battle
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Expert horse riders Scalp enemy – –Keep enemy’s soul from the after life Traveled in bands
LOCATION –Far east side of the Panhandle
LIFESTYLE Nomadic Allies to Comanche
SHELTER Tepees decorated with pictures of important events
MAIN FOODS Hunted –Buffalo, elk, antelope, deer, bear Pemmican
APPEARANCE Decorated with feathers
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS SUNDANCE –mid June –Prevent sickness and disaster
KICKAPOOS Latecomers (1830s)
LOCATION –Southern Plains along the Rio Grande Migrated from Great Lakes area in 1830s
LIFESTYLE Lived in villages –Raised crops Spent periods hunting on the plains Made baskets, buckskin clothing, and fine beadwork
SHELTER Round structures covered by woven mats Made by women
THE TEXAS INDIANS The North Central Region
LOCATION –North central plains Near present-day Austin
LIFESTYLE Enemy of the Comanche Lived in grass houses in villages
MAIN FOODS Buffalo and deer Birds, rabbits, turtles,snakes, nuts,fruit Gardening Fished rivers and springs
APPEARANCE Some men tattooed entire body
LOCATION –Along Red River Near present-day Waco and Dallas
LIFESTYLE Lived along creeks and rivers Matrilineal Enemy of the Comanche
SHELTER Grass Domes
MAIN FOODS Corn, squash, beans, pumpkin, melons Hunted buffalo Did not eat fish
APPEARANCE Tattooed bodies
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Raccoon eye tattoos on face Made jars, pots, leather bags
THE TEXAS INDIANS Far West Texas (Pueblo Region)
LOCATION –West Texas Along Rio Grande
LIFESTYLE Farming villages Matrilineal
SHELTER Adobe homes – insulation –Brightly painted on inside
MAIN FOODS Farmed near rivers and streams –Corn, squash, beans Small game
UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Irrigation ditches Allies of the Apache
LOCATION Along Rio Grande in West Texas –Near present-day El Paso
LIFESTYLE Lived in villages Cooked food in round adobe ovens
LIFESTYLE Made beautiful pottery Grew cotton and wove cloth
MAIN FOODS Some hunting and fishing Farming –Corn, tomatoes, squash, beans, and grapes
THE TEXAS INDIANS The Plains Region COMANCHE LOCATION –Plains of Texas –Panhandle into central Texas.
Group: COAHUILTECANS & KARANKAWAS Coahuiltecans- Lived on the southern coast Lived in temporary dwellings made of mud and animal skins Semi-arid.
Coahultecans Karankawas Atakapans Alabama Coushattas Caddoes Wichitas Cherokees Lipan Apaches Kickapoos Jumanos Tiguas Mescalero Apaches Comanches Kiowas.
Texas Indians. Western Gulf Culture Karankawa Karankawa were hunters and gatherers who lived in the area of Galveston to Corpus Christi. They were nomads.
The Environment and Texas Indians. An era is a period of time identifiable by particular things, events and/or persons of time.
Texas Indians Comanche tepee village. The Gulf Coast Culture Area Karankawas - lived in the area of Galveston to Corpus Christi. Karankawas - lived in.
Texas Indians. The Western Gulf Culture Area Karankawa -hunters and gatherers who lived in the area of Galveston to Corpus Christi. They were nomads.
Native Americans. Native American Chart Tribe Food Region Important Information Karankawas Coahuiltecan Atakapans Caddo Comanche Apache Jumano Tigua.
Texas Indians. Coastal Plains Indians Karankawa - hunters and gatherers who lived in the area of Galveston to Corpus Christi. Karankawa - hunters and.
First people to come to North America may have migrated from Asia about 37,000 years ago. These first explorers did not keep written records, so we.
Coahultecans Karankawas Atakapans Caddoes Wichitas Tonkawas Lipan Apaches Jumanos Tiguas Comanches Kiowas Concho.
Karankawas REGION OF TEXAS Lived between Corpus Christi bay and Galveston bay on the Texas coast. Lived in mud huts and were nomadic. FOOD Used Dugout.
Chapter 4 Vocabulary Native Texans 7.1A 7.2A, 7.10A, 7.22 A,C,D,
Texas Indians Chart InfoKarankawaCoahuiltecanCaddoWichitaAtakapa Culture Group Western Gulf Culture Location/Region Between Galveston & Corpus Christi.
Native American Groups of Texas Unit 1 – Native Texas and Its People.
Southeastern & Gulf Cultures Main Idea: Native American people of Southeastern and Gulf Cultures developed different ways of life based on their environment.
Pueblo Indians LOCATION West Texas along the Rio Grande SHELTER Adobe - 2 story houses FOOD Corn, Beans, Deer, Rabbits, and Fish.
AreaTribeIn which Region(s) did they live?What did they eat?Nomadic or stayed in vilages?What were houses like?Comments on lifestyleAny other interesting.
Culture Group: Southeastern Physical Region: Coastal Plains CADDO WICHITA CHEROKEES.
Native Americans. Why do you think many of the first Americans continued to travel southward after crossing the land bridge?
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NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBES OF TEXAS. KARANKAWAS Lived on coast between Galveston and Corpus Christi Fishermen, used canoes pushed by poles Women were.
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Texas Indian Tribes Southeastern, Pueblo, Western Gulf, and Plains Culture Groups.
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Hannon’s notes. Includes Apache, Comanche, Kiowa REGIONS OF TEXAS All lived on the Great Plains All were nomadic except for the Apache which would.
KARANKAWAS (Coastal) ❖ Lived on coast between Galveston and Corpus Christi ❖ Fishermen, used canoes pushed by poles ❖ Had first contact with explorers.
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Objective Analyze and compare the cultures of Native Americans in Texas prior to European colonization. Analyze and compare the cultures of Native Americans.
First People in AmericasFirst People in Americas Scientist believe the first people arrived in North America from Asia Freezing temperatures of the.
Southeastern Cultures Chapter 3:2. Caddos Farmers in the Piney Woods.
Gulf CultureRegion of Texas HomeFoodLifestyleTribes Gulf Coastal Plains (Gulf Coast) Temporary dwellings made of mud, brush, or animal skins Hunted small.
Early Native American Civilizations. The Western Gulf Culture The Karankawa Lived on the coast from p.d. Galveston to Corpus Christi. Both hunted.
Pueblo & Plains Cultures Main Idea: Native American people of Pueblo and Plains Cultures developed different ways of life based on their environment and.
Indian Culture Groups of Texas Plains Pueblo Southeastern Gulf Coastal.
Natives of Texas Study of the Caddo, Karankawa, Jumano, Coahuiltecan and Comanche natives of Texas.
Name of Tribe Name of Culture Government Food SourcesDwellings Appearance transportation Location in Texas A. How small or large of a group do they live.
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SOUTHEASTERN CULTURE CADDO WICHITA ATAKAPAN Native American Cultures Main Ideas Native Americans lived in Texas for thousands of years before the Europeans.
Native Texas and its Peoples. North Central Plains Geographical Characteristics Rolling prairies, few rivers, buttes, mesas, hardwood forests,
Whispers in the Wind: Rediscovering Native Americans of Texas.
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