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THE TEXAS INDIANS The Gulf Coast COAHUILTECANS LOCATION –Southern Gulf Coast up to San Antonio.

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Presentation on theme: "THE TEXAS INDIANS The Gulf Coast COAHUILTECANS LOCATION –Southern Gulf Coast up to San Antonio."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 THE TEXAS INDIANS The Gulf Coast

3 COAHUILTECANS

4 LOCATION –Southern Gulf Coast up to San Antonio

5 LIFESTYLE Hunters & gatherers Nomadic –Followed the limited food supply –Harsh/difficult life

6 SHELTER Temporary houses made of mud, animal skins, and brush

7 MAIN FOODS Gathered food from land Cacti, nuts, spiders, snakes, lizards, and grub worms

8 APPEARANCE Strong: known for endurance

9 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Mitotes –All night celebrations

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11 KARANKAWAS

12 LOCATION –Galveston to Corpus Christi

13 LIFESTYLE Bow and Arrow –Hunting and fishing Dugout canoes Nomadic –Traveled in bands of 30-40

14 SHELTER Wooden Hut and Tepees

15 MAIN FOODS Oyster, Clams, Scallops, Mollusks, and Turtle

16 APPEARANCE Beautiful women Pierced chest and lips Tall/muscular men Brightly painted bodies –No clothes (men)

17 ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN Women took down and set up homes Women made clothing from deerskin and moss

18 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Wore deerskin skirts(women) Gave children special treatment

19 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Given two names Rubbed on alligator fat to keep off mosquitoes Loved dogs

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21 THE TEXAS INDIANS East Texas

22 CADDOES

23 LOCATION –Northeast Texas along the Angelina and Neches Rivers

24 LIFESTYLE Richest and most advanced Friendly Willing and smart traders

25 Lifestyle *Matrilineal *Farmers!!! *chief called “caddi”

26 SHELTER Sturdy homes (domes) made of grass (50 ft. high)

27 MAIN FOODS Corn Beans Squash Sunflower seeds Tobacco

28 ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN Men helped women grow crops Women had a voice in government Women treated with dignity and respect Oldest woman controlled family

29 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Crop rotation Trotline Beautiful pottery Traded forest products for flint and turquoise Built huge temple and burial mounds Name: “Texas”

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31 ATAKAPANS

32 LOCATION –Southeast Texas Galveston Island to the Sabine River (marshy wetlands)

33 LIFESTYLE Matrilineal Farmers

34 MAIN FOODS Corn Farming (farther inland) –Not as advanced as the Caddo Wild game, nuts, berries, fish, shellfish and alligators

35 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Used alligator fat to keep off mosquitoes * Difficult to farm because of marshy swampland * Flooding with salt water

36

37 ALABAMA AND COUSHATTA

38 LOCATION –East Texas along the Trinity River Migrated from Alabama in 1700s

39 LIFESTYLE Farming –Vegetables, fruit trees Gathered berries, nuts Some hunting Made baskets and crafts

40 SHELTER Wooden cabins surrounded by vegetable gardens

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42 CHEROKEES Latecomers ( )

43 LOCATION –East Texas along the Sabine, Neches, and Angelina Rivers Migrated from the east in

44 LIFESTYLE Cherokees intermarried and adopted a modern lifestyle Owned plantations and slaves

45 SHELTER Log cabins in villages

46 MAIN FOODS Farming –Corn, beans, pumpkins, squash

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48 THE TEXAS INDIANS The Plains Region

49 All Plains tribes … Based lives and cultures on buffalo >Food, shelter, clothing, weapons, tools Nomadic – followed buffalo

50 *ate elk, deer, antelope, & rabbits *pemmican: dried buffalo meat mixed w/nuts & berries *warriors had high status because of bravery

51 MESCALERO APACHES

52 LOCATION – West Texas Some mountains

53 LIFESTYLE Nomadic Lived much like the Pueblo Indians Raided other groups to the west Wore high leather boots for protection

54 MAIN FOODS Depended less on Buffalo

55

56 LIPAN APACHES

57 LOCATION –Southwest Plains

58 LIFESTYLE Nomadic Warfare Bow and Arrow Wore high leather boots for protection

59 MAIN FOODS Buffalo Gardening (rancherias) –Corn, beans, squash, maize, pumpkin

60 APPEARANCE Decorated with feathers Pierced left ear (6-8 times) Hair –Left short –Right Long

61 ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN Women got recognition for gardens

62 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Rode horses Raided by Comanche Feared death –Buried their dead quickly Buried with possessions

63

64 COMANCHE

65 LOCATION –Plains of Texas –Panhandle into central Texas

66 LIFESTYLE Nomadic Warriors –Control land –Most feared –Many enemies

67 SHELTER Tepees

68 MAIN FOODS Buffalo Skilled traders

69 APPEARANCE Fancy tattoos Bright colors Braided hair Men wore buffalo headdresses

70 ROLES: MEN AND WOMEN War chief – best rider Peace chief –older male –recognized in battle

71 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Expert horse riders Scalp enemy – –Keep enemy’s soul from the after life Traveled in bands

72

73 KIOWAS

74 LOCATION –Far east side of the Panhandle

75 LIFESTYLE Nomadic Allies to Comanche

76 SHELTER Tepees decorated with pictures of important events

77 MAIN FOODS Hunted –Buffalo, elk, antelope, deer, bear Pemmican

78 APPEARANCE Decorated with feathers

79 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS SUNDANCE –mid June –Prevent sickness and disaster

80

81 KICKAPOOS Latecomers (1830s)

82 LOCATION –Southern Plains along the Rio Grande Migrated from Great Lakes area in 1830s

83 LIFESTYLE Lived in villages –Raised crops Spent periods hunting on the plains Made baskets, buckskin clothing, and fine beadwork

84 SHELTER Round structures covered by woven mats Made by women

85

86 THE TEXAS INDIANS The North Central Region

87 TONKAWAS

88 LOCATION –North central plains Near present-day Austin

89 LIFESTYLE Enemy of the Comanche Lived in grass houses in villages

90 MAIN FOODS Buffalo and deer Birds, rabbits, turtles,snakes, nuts,fruit Gardening Fished rivers and springs

91 APPEARANCE Some men tattooed entire body

92

93 WICHITAS

94 LOCATION –Along Red River Near present-day Waco and Dallas

95 LIFESTYLE Lived along creeks and rivers Matrilineal Enemy of the Comanche

96 SHELTER Grass Domes

97 MAIN FOODS Corn, squash, beans, pumpkin, melons Hunted buffalo Did not eat fish

98 APPEARANCE Tattooed bodies

99 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Raccoon eye tattoos on face Made jars, pots, leather bags

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101 THE TEXAS INDIANS Far West Texas (Pueblo Region)

102 JUMANO

103 LOCATION –West Texas Along Rio Grande

104 LIFESTYLE Farming villages Matrilineal

105 SHELTER Adobe homes – insulation –Brightly painted on inside

106 MAIN FOODS Farmed near rivers and streams –Corn, squash, beans Small game

107 UNUSUAL CUSTOMS Irrigation ditches Allies of the Apache

108

109 TIGUAS

110 LOCATION Along Rio Grande in West Texas –Near present-day El Paso

111 LIFESTYLE Lived in villages Cooked food in round adobe ovens

112 LIFESTYLE Made beautiful pottery Grew cotton and wove cloth

113 MAIN FOODS Some hunting and fishing Farming –Corn, tomatoes, squash, beans, and grapes


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