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1 Subtitle/other information Title of PresentationInnovative Innovation in:IndonesiaSTI Days, Bangkok, 21 Jan 2014Session: Innovation in ASEANDr. Rudie Trienes (KNAW-The Netherlands)Florian Gruber (ZSI-Austria)Ms. Tri Sundari (RISTEK-Indonesia)Ms. Herlina Hadisetiawati (RISTEK-Indonesia)EU-ASEAN S&T cooperation to jointly tackle societal challengesSubtitle/other information
2 Agenda Context II. Innovative Innovation Support III. Conclusion Key IndicatorsKey PlayersLegal FrameworkIndonesia S&T Development FrameworkRegional Innovation Clusters in 6 Economic Growth CentersII. Innovative Innovation Support- Best practices of funding scheme- Strengths and WeaknessesIII. Conclusion
3 I. Context (Key Indicator) Indonesia, the only ASEAN country to be selected as member of the G20R&D Expenditure counts about 0.08% of GDPRanks 38th on the Global Competitiveness Index inRanks the 4th most populous country in the world5. Demographic bonus
4 I. Context (Who is the key players) Ministry of FinanceThe National Development Planning AgencyNational Innovation Committee (KIN)The Indonesian Academy of Science (AIPI)
5 I. Context (Legal Framework) The National Long Term development Plan sets the R&D priorities forThe medium-term five-year plans (RPJMNs)National Research Agendas (NRAs)National Strategic Policy on Science and TechnologyMasterplan Accelaration and Expansion of Indonesia Economic Development (MP3EI)
7 Regional Innovation Clusters in 6 Economic Growth Centers According to The Presidential Working Unit for Supervision and Management of Development (UKP4):‘the focus has to be on gradual, incremental innovation to ensure that the local end-users will haveaccess to appropriate innovations, i.e. local SMEs using existing technology and adapting this to local conditions’.
8 II. Innovative innovation support The dominant mode of STI funding in Indonesia is institution rather thanprogramme-based. Funding is usually provided in the form of direct institutional fundingrather than funding allocated via competitive programmes.INSTRUMENTSStrengthening NIS through strengthening:1. S&T Institution;2. S&T Resources;3. S&T NetworkingResearch fundingCapacity building program (degree& non- degree)Entrepreneurship Programme forStudents in UniversitiesCo-operative Academic Education(Co-op) with SMEsIPR Support ProgrammeDissemination ProgrammeTriple Helix Examples of InnovationClusters, Incubators, Centres ofExcellenceInternational cooperationSupported by:Ministries; Universities; Industries; Regional Governments; SMEs; Financial AgenciesFrom basic research to commercialization
9 Best Practices of Funding Scheme Consortium Research (Universities; R&D Institutes; Industries)- Vaccine Development- Defense Technology- Information and Communication Technology (CBI)International Cooperation (private sector leaders, and researchpartners internationally)- Indonesia International Institute for Life-Sciences (I3L), research-basededucational institutions bioscience innovation (life sciences).3. Corporate Social Responsibility- Mandiri Young Technopreneur Awards (Mandiri Bank)
10 Strengths and Weaknesses Indonesia has many potential natural resources.Strong domestic market.Having sufficient institution that role as key player of innovation.Universities receive big support from the government on research activities.There is impression to having widely collaborative research.Indonesia’s government acknowledges the need both to strengthenthe private business sector and state-owned enterprises by implementing incentivesystems that reflect industrial needs.
11 Strengths and Weaknesses Need to align regulations and policies conducive to the whole chain involved ininnovation (S&T, finance and tax systems, higher education, trade, social welfare)in a coherent, transparent fashion.2. Lack of coordination among ministries, universities under the authority of the Ministryof Education, Non-departmental Government Institutes under the Ministry of Researchand Technology, Provincial R&D Agencies under the authority of theMinistry of Internal affairs, etc.3. R&D activities fail to be regarded as commercially viable proposals.4. Royalty sharing procedure is not yet in place.
12 III. ConclusionsIndonesia needs to address a number of major challenges in setting upa National Innovation System on the route to an innovation-driven nationaleconomy.Consortium scheme is considered as an effective way to improve thecollaboration between researches in universities, R&D institutes and industries.Indonesia’s government also acknowledges the need both to strengthen theprivate business sector and state-owned enterprises by implementing incentivesystems that reflect industrial needs, and to strengthen small and mediuminnovative enterprises and start-ups by developing new products and providingcustomized innovated technologies.Indonesia’s government feels the need of a coherent, independent fundingmechanism.More challenges in facing the ASEAN Community 2015.
13 ContactDr. Rudie Trienes (KNAW-The Netherlands) -Florian Gruber (ZSI-Austria) -Ms. Tri Sundari (RISTEK-Indonesia) –Ms. Herlina Hadisetiawati (RISTEK-Indonesia) –Thank you!The final study will be available at:in June 2014