53Why did the Archaic people move frequently? Grab Bag 600Question:Why did the Archaic people move frequently?Check Your Answer
54Answer: to find enough food Grab Bag 600Answer:to find enough food
55Grab Bag 700Question:Why do archaeologists believe that prehistoric Indians believed in some form of life after death?Check Your Answer
56Grab Bag 700Answer:Burial mounds contained items such as tools, tobacco pipes, and weapons.
57Which early people grew tobacco to use in ceremonies? Grab Bag 800Question:Which early people grew tobacco to use in ceremonies?Check Your Answer
58Answer: Mississippians Grab Bag 800Answer:Mississippians
59Grab Bag 900Question:Which prehistoric people were the FIRST to paint and tattoo their bodies?Check Your Answer
60Answer: Mississippians Grab Bag 900Answer:Mississippians
61Question: Give 3 characteristics of the Paleo culture. Grab Bag 1000Question:Give 3 characteristicsof the Paleo culture.Check Your Answer
62Grab Bag 1000 1st – Lived During the Ice Age 10,000 – 8,000 BC Giant Bison, Mammoths, SlothsCamped out in openSometimes dug pits to stay warmDidn’t stay in one place for very long -- NomadicDidn’t live longClovis Point – jabbing and killing animalsDeveloped the atlatl and hunted primarily w/long wooden spearsShort Life Span (30 – 40 Years Old)
63Give 3 characteristics of the Archaic culture. Grab Bag 1000Question:Give 3 characteristics of the Archaic culture.Check Your Answer
64Grab Bag 1000 Warmer climate Large animals died Small game (rabbits, deer, Atlatlsquirrel Less NomadicClay Pottery Life after DeathCollected nuts, roots, fruits, Middens (ate oystersseeds, and berries & shellfish)Developed tools to crushseed, berries, and nuts.Grooved axes to cut down trees and bushesUsed pottery to save and plant seeds for plants and seeds for growing seasons (horticulture)Caught turtles, fish, shellfish, birds, and smaller mammals.Made hooks and nets for fishing.Evidence indicates that they moved each season in search of food
65Give 3 characteristics of the Woodland culture. Grab Bag 1000Question:Give 3 characteristics of the Woodland culture.Check Your Answer
66Other 1000 Earthen mounds – Kolomoki Effigies -- Rock Eagle Bow and ArrowSaved SeedsTribesDid Not Move Around as MuchTradeBuilt cone-shaped burial mounds
67Give 3 characteristics of the Mississippian culture. Grab Bag 1000Question:Give 3 characteristics of the Mississippian culture.Check Your Answer
68Grab Bag 1000 Mississippi River Corn and Beans Harvested Crops Community StorehousesConstant Supply of FoodPermanent Settlements with Palisades and MoatsChiefdomsPainted and Tattooed BodiesAlso Known as the Temple Mound PeriodLarge villages with impressive buildings
69Grab Bag 100Question:What was a midden?Check Your Answer
70Garbage piles of shells Other 100Garbage piles of shells
71Grab Bag 500Question:Why do archaeologists claim that learning to make and use pottery was one of greatest contributions of the Archaic Indians ?Check Your Answer
72Pottery could be used to store food. Grab Bag 500Pottery could be used to store food.
73What is a barter economy? Grab Bag 200Question:What is a barter economy?Check Your Answer
74trading items or services without the use of money Grab Bag 200trading items or services without the use of money
75Grab Bag 300Question:Why do archaeologists think that prehistoric Indians believed in some form of life after death?Check Your Answer
76burial mounds for dead contained tools, tobacco pipes, and weapons Grab Bag 300burial mounds for dead contained tools, tobacco pipes, and weapons
77Grab Bag 400Question:What identifies the Mississippian civilization as being more advanced than the others?Check Your Answer
78Grab Bag 400sophisticated farming methods, tools, dress and fashion styles, villages.
79Question: What are artifacts? Grab Bag 100Question:What are artifacts?Check Your Answer
80Grab Bag 100items left behind by ancient people such as pottery shards, weapons, tools and jewelry
81Why are there so few Paleo sites in Georgia? Grab Bag 600Question:Why are there so few Paleo sites in Georgia?Check Your Answer
82Paleos were nomadic and did not leave many artifacts in one place. Grab Bag 600Paleos were nomadic and did not leave many artifacts in one place.
83Grab Bag 800Question:What are probable reasons why the Mississippian civilization disappeared so early?Check Your Answer
84tribal warfare, moved away in search of food, disease or starvation. Grab Bag 800tribal warfare, moved away in search of food, disease or starvation.
85Grab Bag 400Question:What factor helped prehistoric Indians establish permanent settlements?Check Your Answer
86cultivating plants as food (horticulture) Grab Bag 400cultivating plants as food (horticulture)
87How long did the Woodland Indians live? Grab Bag 200Question:How long did the Woodland Indians live?Check Your Answer
97market economy traditional economy barter economy global economy An economy based on the ability to trade or exchange goods or services without the use of moneymarket economytraditional economybarter economyglobal economy
103archaeologists psychologists anthropologists geologists People who dig into the earth to find artifacts that will tell us something about early inhabitantsarchaeologistspsychologistsanthropologistsgeologists
125archaeologists psychologists anthropologists geologists People who use artifacts along with cave drawings, well-traveled pathways, and oral history to study the culture of a grouparchaeologistspsychologistsanthropologistsgeologists