2StandardsSS8H1 – Evaluate the development of Native American cultures and the impact of European exploration and settlement on Native American cultures
3The 3 Periods of North American History Paleo-Indian Period – 10,000 years agoArchaic Period – 8000 BC – 1000 BCWoodland Period 1000 BC – 1000 ADMississippian Culture followed the Woodland Period and is considered the highest stage of Native American culture!
5Paleo Indian Characteristics Contains the earliest known people of North America.About 10,000 years ago when glaciers from the ice age began to meltPaleo Indians hunted woolly mammoths, bison, horses moose and elk.Nomads – People who move from place to place following food supplies.
6Archaic PeriodAround 8000 BC Earth’s climate warmed up. Big animals disappeared and forests began to grow.Descendants of Paleo-Indians began to thrive: Archaic Indians.Lived in North America from 8000 BC to 1000 BC.1st Culture of Georgia
7Archaic PeriodDeveloped improved techniques for fishing, gathering and huntingThey used small spear points, and stone axes.The small tools were used to hunt smaller animals.Smaller animals wouldn’t feed as many people, so they had to get food from somewhere else.They gathered nuts, berries, etc…Other artifacts suggest that these people lived in rock shelters or pit houses. No permanent settlements!
9Archaic PeriodArchaic people DID NOT have three things: bows and arrows, pottery and agriculture.
10Woodland Period This period lasted from 1000 B.C. to around 1000 A.D. The Woodland Indians developed agriculture.They also developed pottery, and bow and arrowsWoodland Native Americans built villages along streams where the soil was soft.Woodland Indians built protective walls around their villages.
11Woodland Indians Advanced villages with houses built in a circle Formed trading networksFormed tribes that fought wars with each otherPracticed rituals and ceremonies
12Mississippian Culture The period that followed the Woodland Period is known for the Mississippian CultureThe Mississippian People originated along the Mississippi and Ohio River, but stretched from Georgia to Minnesota
13Achievements of Mississpian – 5 characteristics of Civilization CitiesSpecialized JobsOrganized Government and religionA system of record keepingAdvanced toolWhy would all these change the culture and why would they need all these things
14Mississippian Culture Etowah Indians lived in North Georgia.Their flat-topped earthen mounds are still there today.Also large ceremonial lodge built of red clay near Macon, Georgia off the Ocmulgee RiverThe Mississippian Peoples grew three main crops: corn, beans and squash.
15Etowah (Mississippian Culture) Etowah Indians lived in North Georgia.Their flat-topped earthen mounds are still there today.Also large ceremonial lodge built of red clay near Macon, Georgia off the Ocmulgee River