Presentation on theme: "Before the first global age"— Presentation transcript:
1Before the first global age Chapter 2Before the first global age
2The OlmecsThe Olmecs were the earliest known civilization in the Americas.The Olmecs lived along the Gulf of Mexico about 3,500 years ago.The Olmecs supplied nearby cities with food.The Olmecs carved huge stone heads but left few written records.
3The Mayans The Mayas were influenced by the Olmecs. Mayan priests held great power and performed harvest and military ceremonies on top of huge stone pyramids.Mayan priests made advancements in astronomy and created an accurate 365 day calendar.For unknown reasons, Mayans abandoned their cities around the year A.D. 900.
4The Aztecs Early Aztecs were nomads who searched for food. Tenochtitlán, the capital, was built on an island in Lake Texcoco.The Aztecs thought the sun was a warrior and tried to appease it with human sacrifices.The Aztec empire stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean by 1500.
5The IncasThe Incan empire stretched 2,500 miles and was on the west coast of South America.Cuzco was a holy city located high in the Andes Mountains.The empire was made up of about 10 million people.The Incas had a network of roads that covered over 10,000 miles.The Incas were skilled engineers who created terraces on the mountainsides.
6North American Cultures Hohokams lived in present day southern Arizona about 2,000 years ago.The Anasazis built houses using stone and adobe.The Anasazis later built houses along steep cliffs to better protect themselves.Mound Builders lived in eastern North America beginning about 3,000 years ago.They used the mounds for burials and for religious ceremonies.
7Collected driftwood for tools and shelter Lived in pit houses The Far NorthThe InuitsCollected driftwood for tools and shelterLived in pit housesWomen made warm clothing out of fur and waterproof boots from sealskins
8The Utes and the Shoshones The Plateau RegionThe Utes and the ShoshonesAte pine nuts and roots and hunted mountain sheep and rabbitsHad few possessions
9People had more resources, so they could stay in one place The Northwest RegionPeople had more resources, so they could stay in one placeBuilt permanent villages and traded with other groupsFamilies held potlatches to show wealth and status
10The Southeast Region The Natchez Hunted, fished, and farmed along the Gulf of MexicoUsed a 13 month calendar with months such as: Strawberry, Mulberry, Deer, and BearMarriage laws ensured class changes
11Women held family and political power Included five nations Iroquois ConfederacyLived in long housesWomen held family and political powerIncluded five nationsSachems met once a year to make decisions for the League.
12How was trade linked to the spread of Islam? Trade and ReligionHow was trade linked to the spread of Islam?As people traded goods, they traded ideas and spread the religion.
13What were the two major trade routes used by Muslim traders? Trade and ReligionWhat were the two major trade routes used by Muslim traders?Across land by the Silk RoadAcross the Indian Ocean
14How did trade help city-states develop? Trade and LifeHow did trade help city-states develop?The concentration of wealth made it necessary to develop some form of government.
15Where did most people in Africa live? Trade and LifeWhere did most people in Africa live?Most people lived in small villages.
16FamilyWhat importance did extended families and kinship have in small African villages?Families in small villages were dependent upon one another for survival.
17Chinese TradeWhich statement best describes Chinese trade in the 1400s? a) Eventually a Chinese fleet crossed the Pacific and rounded the tip of South America. b) In the early 1400s, a large Chinese fleet traded in many foreign ports; then, after thirty years, it suddenly stopped. c) In the 1400s, the Chinese built a new fleet patterned after the many Chinese fleets before it. d) The Chinese established several trading cities on the west coast of Africa.
18European Traditions European Traditions Jewish Traditions Christian TraditionsGreek TraditionsRoman Traditions
19Followed the Ten Commandments No one was above God’s law Tradition and ChangeJewish TraditionsFollowed the Ten CommandmentsNo one was above God’s lawEveryone had to obey religious laws
20Tradition and ChangeChristian TraditionsAll could achieve salvation-All were equalPersecuted Christians spread out and carried the ideas of equality with them
21Tradition and ChangeGreek TraditionsCreated direct democracyAll citizens could attend assemblies and make lawsAll people were not citizens- only free men whose parents had been born in Athens were citizens
22Absorbed Greek traditions Created a Republic Tradition and ChangeRoman TraditionsAbsorbed Greek traditionsCreated a RepublicEveryone was equal under the lawRepublic fell apart
23Tradition and ChangeWhich of the following traditions did NOT influence the development of European society?A. ChristianityB. The Roman republicC. JudaismD. Chinese trading fleets
24Tradition and ChangeEarly Greek thinkers said that A. it was a sacred duty to obey God’s laws. B. God had given Jesus the Ten Commandments C. all people, rich or poor, could achieve salvation D. all people were equal before the law
25Tweeting the Middle Ages @Feudalism-Feudalism evolved during the Middle Ages with kings at the top, nobles next, and peasants last.
26Tweeting the Middle Ages @ Life in the MA- Roman Catholic Church was powerful, peasants grew more food, and warfare declined.
27Tweeting the Middle Ages @ Crusades-Wars for control of the Holy Land led to an increase in trade between Europe and the Muslim world.
28Tweeting Knowledge@ Knowledge-An increase in knowledge led to new tools and an increased desire for wealth through trade.
29Tweeting Exploration@ Voyages of Trade- Portugal built new ships and led the way searching for new trade routes to Asia.