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Citizens, Society and the State The demographics of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland By: John Anderson.

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Presentation on theme: "Citizens, Society and the State The demographics of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland By: John Anderson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Citizens, Society and the State The demographics of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland By: John Anderson

2 The United Kingdom

3 Culture of the United Kingdom

4 History

5 Major Cities 1.London – 9.8 m 2.Manchester – 2.7 m 3.W. Midlands – 2.7 m 4.W. Yorkshire – 2.2 m 5.Liverpool – 864 k

6 Nations England: 53.0 m (83.9%) Scotland: 5.3 m (8.4%) Wales: 3.1 m (4.8%) N. Ireland: 1.8 m (2.9%)

7 Political Map Conservatives won most recent election, with David Cameron current Prime Minister Key: o Conservatives = Blue o Liberal Democrats = Orange o Labor = Red

8 Geography Scottish Highlands visible Wales also mountainous England quite arable & flat relative to rest of Britain

9 Public Spending

10 Obesity Rates

11 Societal Cleavages Differences between the people of a state Ethnicity Religion Class Region Urban/rural Gender

12 Ethnicity of England British whites – 79.8% Irish/Gypsy – 1.1% Other whites – 4.6% Asian (mostly non-Oriental) – 7.8% Black (Caribbean) – 1.1% Black (African) – 1.8% Arab – 0.4% Mixed – 2.0%

13 Ethnicity of Wales British white – 93.2% Irish/Gypsy -.6% Other whites – 1.8% Asian (mostly non-Oriental) – 2.3% Black (Caribbean) -.4% Black (African) -.1% Arab -.3% Mixed – 1.0%

14 Ethnicity of Northern Ireland British white – 98.2% Gypsy -.1% Asian (mostly non-Oriental) – 1.1% Black -.2% Arab – Negligible Mixed -.3%

15 Religion in the United Kingdom

16 Religion Source: British Social Attitudes Survey

17 Class  Historically, the estates class system was in place, with nobles, clergy, and commoners  Post-WWII considerable, gradual shift  Seven distinct classes: o Elite o Established Middle o Technical Middle o New Affluent o Traditional Working o Emergent Service Sector o Precariat

18 Wealth Gap UK GINI coefficient is ~32 US GINI coefficient is ~40

19 Region 4 nations 74% of people from Wales identify as Welsh Scottish people are largely identified by accent and language Northern Irish identify as o 1) 35% British o 2) 32% Irish o 3) 27% Northern Irish o 4) 6% Other (Ulster)

20 Urban/Rural Urban: 79.6% (49.3 million) Rural: 20.4% (12.6 million) aspx aspx

21 Gender Males: m (49.11%) Females: m (50.89%) Other: Negligible

22 Civil Society 900,000 civil society organizations Highly advanced democracy, similar to United States. RHA0 RHA0

23 Interest Groups Pluralist interest group system Biggest ones are 1.Greenpeace 2.Virgin Climate Change ISA 3.The Electoral Reform Society 4.The Democracy Movement 5.STAND

24 Interest Group System/Social Capital Weak party loyalty increases power of interest groups Parliamentary systems in general are more adherent to party platform, UK included

25 Media is state-owned Private competitors are and plc 3.75 hours TV & 2.81 hours radio each day Newspapers divided into broadsheets and tabloids

26 Television Channels & Radio 5 channels – BBC One, BBC Two, ITV, Channel 4 & Channel 5 are transmitted for free Cable is provided by Virgin Media BBC dominates radio

27 Political Participation Voting in national election: 65.1% Discusses politics: 46% Political party activity: 3% Interest Group participation: 7% Petition signing: 81% Lawful Protest: 13%

28 Voting Trends and Rates

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32 Social Movements Britain has spearheaded many movements, including the anti-slavery movement “New” social movements emerged post-WWII


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