2 The Political SystemEngland, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom and therefore the British political systemHowever, Scotland, like Cataluña, wants independence
3 Parliament Prime Minister – the leader of the party Members of Parliament (MP) – representatives of the different constituencies in BritainThe main British parliamentary building is called the Houses of Parliament and is in London
4 A Democratic Country Democracy: rule by the people Britain has a multi-party systemThere are 650 different constituenciesA constituency is an electoral area – they elect a representative – this person is known as an MP who represents their viewsThe leader of the party with the most MPs in the House of Commons is the Prime MinisterThere are General Elections at least every 5 years – called by the Prime Minister
5 The House of Commons and the House of Lords There are two Houses of Parliament in Britain that form the government and parliament of the UKHouse of CommonsHouse of LordsWhere the MPs who have been elected sitA political forum – where debate takes placeThis house has the most political power nowadaysThe people in this House are not electedThey consist of:Hereditary Peers (ancestors were peers)Life PeersMembers of the churchThe power of the Lords has been reduced significantly in the last century
6 The Main 3 Political Parties Conservative PartyLabour PartyLiberal Democratic Party
7 Today’s Leaders Prime Minister = David Cameron (Conservative) There is currently a coalition governmentThis means that the Conservative and the Liberal Democratic Parties are working together to govern the countryPrime Minister = David Cameron (Conservative)Deputy Prime Minister = Nick Clegg (Liberal Democrat)
8 ConstitutionThe Constitution of Britain is the laws and principles that direct the governance of the countryHowever, Britain has no written constitution
9 MonarchyBritain has a Royal Family. However they have no real political powerMost people in Britain like the Royal Family – especially Prince William, Kate and their new baby George!
10 QuestionsWhich countries are included in the British Political System?What are the representatives of the constituencies called?What type of party system does Britain have?What are the names of the British Houses of Parliament? Which is more powerful nowadays?Which House therefore would be the equivalent of the Spanish Congreso? Why?What are the names of the 3 main Political Parties? Which parties are in power now?Who is the Prime Minister?Do the British people like the Royal Family?