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YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation January 23rd, 2007 INetConn201 Version 1 Industrial Networking & Connectivity MW100DX2000.

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Presentation on theme: "YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation January 23rd, 2007 INetConn201 Version 1 Industrial Networking & Connectivity MW100DX2000."— Presentation transcript:

1 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation January 23rd, 2007 INetConn201 Version 1 Industrial Networking & Connectivity MW100DX2000

2 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 2 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Format of the Seminar Introduce technologies and devices to use in your facility Discussion will focus on practical aspects, not theory We will not cover all products/technologies Use hands on, live demonstrations with lots of hardware Provide good resources (info,tutorials, books, software….) Have a website for follow-up So lets take a look at our topics for the day!

3 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 3 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Todays Network PR300 10.200.10.126 Allen-Bradley MicroLogix 1100 10.200.1.4 YS1700 10.200.10.23 MW100 10.200.1.1 DX2000 10.200.10.21 MW100 10.200.10.22 10.200.10.200 Fiber UT351E 10.200.1.5 Steam Plant Waste Water Plant Production Area MODBUS RTU 485 HART Central Control Room VPN Device 10.200.10.xxx Off-Site PC Access to Network Proface AGP3200 10.200.1.3 Wireless Radio 10.200.1.2 10.200.1.200 (Wireless)

4 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 4 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Content Selector Basic Networking DAQLogger Workshop Protocols & Connectivity Advanced Networking OPC & SCADA Wireless Technology MODBUS Connectivity Workshop MW100 Workshop DXAdvanced Workshop Allen-Bradley Connectivity Workshop Network Security Workshop Managed Switches Workshop Wireless Workshop YSuite Workshop YS1700 Workshop Green Series Workshop FA-M3 PLC Workshop OPC Workshop ReportWave Workshop Printwave Reportwave Workshop ExaQuantum Workshop Database Workshop Databases & Historians Using the Networking Reporting Software Links

5 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 5 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Basic Networking Cables and Categories UTP vs STP cables Fiber optic cable Patch vs cross-over auto MDIX Network addressing Setting IP addresses on devices Network diagnostics Dynamic (DHCP) vs static addressing Routable vs non-routable IP addresses Domain Name System (DNS) Hubs vs. switches (Why you should use a switch!) Ports Return

6 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 6 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar 100base-TX Speed Physical Media (Twisted Pair) RJ45: standard Ethernet (twisted pair) connector Topology and Speed

7 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 7 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UTP vs STP UTP is unshielded twisted pair STP is shielded twisted pair Majority of installations successful use UTP STP can be useful if very high EMI problems Drawings Courtesy of Turck Shielded STP UnShielded UTP

8 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 8 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Patch vs. Cross Over Cables Use Patch Cables Use Cross-over cable

9 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 9 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Ethernet Designations

10 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 10 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Details on UTP Cable Categories Category 3: 16MHz; 10base-T,100Base-T4, 100Base-T2 Category 4: 20MHz; 10base-T,100Base-T4, 100Base-T2 Category 5: 100MHz; 10base-T,100Base-T4, 100Base-T2, possible 1000Base-T Category 5e: 100MHz; 10base-T,100Base-T4, 100Base-T2, 1000Base-T Category 6/Class e: 200MHz; 100Base-T, 1000Base-T, possible 10GBase-T

11 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 11 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar A Quick Fiber Optic Overview Fiber is immune to radio and electrical interference Provides greater distances between segments (2 km and more) Multimode fiber is most commonly used for process automation Single mode fiber is used for long distance communications Variety of connector types (ST and SC are very common) More expensive cost and installation than copper

12 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 12 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Copper vs Fiber

13 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 13 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Lets Negotiate Auto Negotiation: devices automatically deteremine Data rate Half vs Full duplex Auto MDIX (Cross-over) Devices automatically determine which wire pairs Eliminates concern for patch vs cross-over Older Hub without Auto MDIX Press switch to change port 4 from straight to cross-over

14 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 14 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MAC (Media Access Control) address –Also known as the physical or Ethernet address –What device within a network –Similar to the VIN number in your car IP (Internet protocol) address –Known as the logical address –What Network is the device on? –Similar to the state license plate on your car Network Addressing Basics Two Types of Addresses

15 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 15 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar IP Address 192.168.10.3 Subnet Mask255.255.255.0 Gateway192.168.10.1 32 bit number shown as 4 bytes (each 0-255 or 255.255.255.255) IP addresses are unique. No two machines can have the same IP number. IP addresses are global, standardized, and controlled Need subnet mask to know network vs. host The Big 3: IP, Subnet, Gateway 255 means network 0 means device This is the 192.168.10 network This is the.3 device

16 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 16 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar More on Subnet Mask network.host.host.host network.network.host.host network.network.network.host 20.10.2.5 134.140.2.5 192.230.10.5 # Networks # Devices per Network Least Most Least

17 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 17 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar 00-00-64-13-34-04 Vendor Device 48 bit number as 6 hexadecimal bytes Physical/MAC/Ethernet Address

18 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 18 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Setting the IP Address of your PC

19 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 19 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Setting the IP Address on DXAdvanced Volunteer navigates DX2000 menus to check IP

20 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 20 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar IP Address on MW100 via Webserver Volunteer executes call (click 00), class views on MW100 LED

21 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 21 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar IP Address on CompactLogix

22 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 22 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar How do you set the IP address –On PC? –On DXAdvanced? –MW100 –CompactLogix Run network discovery software Open an MS-DOS Window ipconfig to get IP information for the PC ipconfig/all to get IP and MAC address Ping a device on the network Ping a bogus IP address Ping a network that does not exist Run ping with -t option Ping your PCs IP address Exercises with Class Help!

23 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 23 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar ping

24 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 24 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar ping 192.168.1.125 –t Seminar volunteer to disconnect a device

25 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 25 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Some IP addresses are full internet Called routable because they work Special addresses for non-routable Used on local network Cannot directly access the internet Routable vs. Non-Routable 10.x.x.x 192.168.x.x 172.16.x.x

26 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 26 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar ipconfig and ipconfig/all

27 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 27 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Static IP Dynamic IP Static vs. Dynamic Addressing (DHCP) Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Process of automatically assigning an IP address when a device is connected to a local area network. Typically used in an office to conserve IP addresses.

28 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 28 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Domain Name Server Software running on a host machine that links an IP address with a name. Allows users to connect to a device by IP address or by name. dx200.us.yokogawa.com Domain names ending with.biz,.com,.info,.name,.net or.org can be registered through many different companies (known as "registrars"). Domain Name Server (DNS)

29 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 29 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar LAN 192.168.225.102 192.168.225.103 192.168.225.104 192.168.225.101 LAN Hub Data Flow with a Hub All Packets go to All Devices

30 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 30 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Data Flow with a Switch Switch 192.168.225.101 192.168.225.105192.168.225.104192.168.225.103 Hub 192.168.225.102 Send Packet Send Reply What Does Your Plant Use?

31 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 31 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Port numbers are divided into three ranges: Well Known Ports 0 - 1023 Registered Ports 1024 - 49151 Dynamic and/or Private Ports 49152 - 65535 Ports in an network device are similar to different doors into a house. A house has one street address but many doors to enter the house. A network device has one IP address but many ports. Ports are used to allow traffic to go directly to a device and/or application ( i.e. email to an email server PC or program). Ports can also be used by firewalls to filter traffic. Ports

32 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 32 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands-On with DXAdvanced Trend/Bargraph/Digital 4 Panel Display Dual speed trending Realtime vs. historical Webserver Trigger an alarm Alarm overview Alarm history Message on alarm USB memory USB keyboard Volunteer will modify AI and alarm from keyboard

33 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 33 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Using Your Network Device configuration over the network Viewing data with webservers Yokogawa DAQLogger Software Emailing alarms and reports (SMTP) Automatic File Transfer (FTP) Time synchronization (SNTP) Return

34 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 34 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On with DX2000 Configuration Software modify range on DX2000 temperature input as example

35 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 35 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Realtime Data on MW100 via Webserver Sample of realtime data on MW100 192.168.1.125

36 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 36 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Web Client View Real Time and Historical Data –Multiple WEB clients can view the DAQSTATION Advanced display using a standard WEB browser –The current display, alarm log and message log can be selected via an operator control menu –Security can be enabled requiring a user to enter a username and password –View data from anywhere in the world via the internet WEB CLIENT WEB CLIENT Web Client #1 WEB CLIENT WEB CLIENT WEB Client #2 WEB CLIENT WEB CLIENT WEB CLIENT #n Ethernet Switch DAQSTATION Advanced WEB Server Please send a display

37 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 37 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On: Configuring MW via Webserver –Create a message5 = Calibrate –Set USER2 key to trigger message5 –Test User2 key in runtime No PC Software Required!

38 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 38 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Email Server System Alarm and Status –Alarm, Scheduled, Report, Power failure recovery, Memory full, Test or Error message E-mails can be configured and sent to multiple recipients –Emails will be sent to an Email server and then distributed to the appropriate recipients –150 characters can be entered into the recipient 1 and recipient 2 settings in the DAQSTATION EMAIL SERVER EMAIL SERVER Email Recipient #1 Email Recipient #2 Email Recipient #n Ethernet Switch DAQSTATION Advanced Email Client

39 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 39 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On: Alarm/Reports with MW100 Email Show setup of MW100 email Show setup of SMTP server Trigger alarm View alarm email

40 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 40 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Server Automated Data File Storage –DAQSTATION Advanced automatically transfers data to any ftp server –Real time, Report and other files will be transfer to a specific file folder in the ftp server. –If the primary ftp server fails, files will be transferred to the secondary ftp server FTP SERVER FTP SERVER Ethernet Switch DAQSTATION Advanced FTP SERVER FTP SERVER Primary FTP Server Secondary FTP Server Data Files FTP Client Data Files May I Send a File

41 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 41 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar FTP CLIENT FTP CLIENT FTP CLIENT #1 FTP CLIENT FTP CLIENT FTP CLIENT #2 FTP CLIENT FTP CLIENT FTP CLIENT #n FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Client Retrieve Historical Data Files –FTP client computers can connect to the DAQSTATION as an ftp client –Data files can be selectively transferred from the DAQSTATION –Multiple FTP clients can connect to a single DAQSTATION –Files stored in the DAQSTATION Advanced internal 80 or 200 megabyte internal memory can be transferred –Files stored on the removable CF Card can be transferred Ethernet Switch DAQSTATION Advanced Data Files 4 CLIENT Pulls Data Files Data Files 3 Data Files 2 Data Files 1 Data Files 2 Data Files 1 Data Files 4 FTP Server Please Send File 1

42 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 42 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On: Automatic File Delivery with DXA FTP Show setup of FTP server in Bulletproof Show setup of FTP client in DX2000 (files and report) Trigger a file Watch it arrive!

43 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 43 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) Server/Client Synchronized Historical Data –SNTP enables multiple devices to synchronize their clocks with a single master server –A single DAQSTATION can act as a time server for multiple DAQSTATION recorders –DAQSTATION Clients can be configured to synchronize to the server at a user defined time –The clock will be synchronized to a resolution of one second –Time is not synchronized if the time difference is greater than 10 minutes SNTP Client #1 SNTP Client #2 SNTP Client #n SNTP Server DAQSTATION Advanced

44 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 44 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Yokogawa DAQLogger Lets take a quick look at realtime trending over a network

45 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 45 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Protocols and Connectivity Protocol primer Generic MODBUS –RTU Serial example –TCP (Ethernet) example MODBUS in Yokogawa DAQ and Control Products Serial to ethernet converters Protocol gateways –MW100 as Modbus gateway –Moore Industries HCS Hart to Modbus Ethernet I/P with Allen-Bradley PLCs –CompactLogix to MW100 –SLC500 connectivity Return

46 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 46 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Industrial Protocol Primer A Protocol is the language a device speaks it defines the rules by which two or more devices connect and exchange data. How do we make the connection (plugs, sockets, cables…) What signals can I send? (voltage, current, frequency) How do I address a message? (tags, numerical address, data table) What can I put in the messsage? (bits, integers, float, text) Copyright Romilly Bowden

47 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 47 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Connection vs. Protocol Do not confuse connection type versus protocol type Connection refers to the physical media RS232 RS422 RS485 Ethernet Protocol refers to the language spoken Modbus DF1 DH+ Ethernet IP DeviceNet Profibus

48 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 48 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar A Good Listing of Industrial Protocols AS interface (ASI bus) BACNET CAN ControlNet DeviceNet EtherNet I/P Foundation Fieldbus H1 HSE HART Interbus LonWorks Modbus RTU (serial) TCP (ethernet) Profibus FMS DP PA) PROFInet SDS

49 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 49 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MTL Bus Comparison Main Chart V=Vehicle, B=Building, F=Factory, P=Process, S=Smart Instrumentation, D=Data Communication

50 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 50 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Proprietary vs. Open Protocols Proprietary is created by a company for use in its hardware or software –Yokogawa protocols –Allen-Bradley DH+ –Every vendor has one! Open protocols are developed by organizations –For use by all end users –Foundation Fieldbus –Modbus (originally a proprietary vendor) –HART

51 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 51 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Yokogawa Protocol Yokogawa designed Protocol –Published Protocol Serial or Ethernet interface –Provides an interface to read & write every parameter in Yokogawa devices –DAQSTANDARD, DAQLOGGER, KEPWARE OPC use Yokogawa protocol –Provides complete control of Yokogawa products via communications Send or Receive Measure & Math Values All configuration values Read local memory Read external memory Write Message

52 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 52 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Proprietary Protocols: Yokogawa DX2000 Example 1.Open a DOS window 2.Telnet 192.168.1.21 34260 3.UD1, DIGITAL, 1

53 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 53 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Yokogawa Diagnostic Port Yokogawa Diagnostic Protocol –Special port to view communications information Ethernet Statistical Information Network Statistical Information –Enables an IT person to see who is connected and detailed information about packet traffic and device performance 1.Open a DOS window 2.Telnet 192.168.1.21 34261 3.CON Check Open Ethernet Connections

54 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 54 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS RTU (Serial) Originally developed by Gould for Modicon PLCs Simple master/slave structure –One device talks, multiple devices respond Function codes for read, write Typically runs on RS232, RS422 or RS485 Each data value lives in a preset register Hardware data is mapped to registers Easy to exchange data between devices Many devices support MODBUS RTU –PLCs, controllers, DCS, recorders, data acquisition, transmitters, gas chromatographs, flow computers

55 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 55 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS is Supported Industry Wide Moore Industries Honeywell Yokogawa Ohmart Vega

56 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 56 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Functions and Registers Modbus functions: What can you do? –01:Read coil (relay) status –02:Read input (digital input) status –03:Read holding registers –04:Read input registers –05:Force coil –06:Write a single holding register –16:Write multiple holding registers Modbus Registers: Where is the device data stored? –1-9999 series registers are output coils (digital outputs) –10000 series registers input coils (digital inputs) –30000 series registers are holding values (read/write) –40000 series registers are input values (read only)

57 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 57 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Client/Server vs Master/Slave Modbus serial uses master/slave –Only one master is allowed –254 possible slave addresses –Master sends commands, slaves respond Modbus TCP (ethernet) uses Client/Server –Client sends commands, servers respond –Multiple clients and servers allowed

58 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 58 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MW100 MODBUS Register Mapping

59 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 59 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS TCP Client READ or WRITE Data from multiple devices –The DAQSTATION can read or write MODBUS data with up to 16 Modbus TCP Servers –240 values can be read into extended communications registers –60 values can be read into math registers. –All Modbus values can be viewed on real-time displays and stored into memory. MODBUS TCP SERVER #1 Ethernet Switch DAQSTATION Advanced MODBUS TCP SERVER #2 MODBUS TCP SERVER #16 Modbus TCP Client

60 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 60 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS TCP Server Provide real-time measured values in a standard format –Enables Non-Yokogawa or Yokogawa devices with Modbus TCP support to read or write measured values from the DAQSTATION –Support two simultaneous connection; two clients can poll data from a single DAQSTATION at the same time –Modbus TCP and Modbus RTU can operate at the same time MODBUS TCP SERVER #1 Ethernet Switch Yokogawa CS3000 Modbus TCP Client MODBUS TCP SERVER #2 MODBUS TCP SERVER #N

61 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 61 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS TCP between MW and DX2000 Manual example Automatic linking example

62 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 62 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS Master Read data from a serial device –Modbus RTU is a serial interface and can be used to read or write data to other Modbus RTU devices –Modbus RTU and Modbus TCP can function simultaneously –Modbus Support Measured, Math, Alarm Status, Time Modbus RTU Master Ethernet Switch Yokogawa CS3000 Modbus TCP Client Modbus RTU Serial Interface Modbus TCP Simultaneous Communications

63 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 63 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS Slave Provide real time measured values in a standard format –Modbus RTU is a serial interface and can be used to read or write data to other Modbus RTU devices –Modbus RTU and Modbus TCP can function simultaneously –31 Devices can be connected over a single multi-drop serial interface MODBUS TCP SERVER #1 Yokogawa CS3000 or Other DCS Modbus RTU Master Modbus RTU Serial Interface

64 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 64 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Allen-Bradley Protocols DF1 is a serial protocol –Uses PCCC (Programmable Controller Communication Command) –Serial programming port on A-B PLCs is DF1 DH-485 Data Highway (DH) & Data Highway Plus (DH+) –Token passing peer to peer LAN protocols Remote I/O (RIO) –Connecting remote racks of I/O DeviceNet (now ODVA) –Field sensor for PLCs Ethernet IP (now ODVA) –Data and configuration, non-deterministic ControlNet (now ODVA) –Data, deterministic

65 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 65 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Ethernet IP Communications protocol built on TCP/IP Ethernet I/P runs on standard ethernet networks Employs CIP (Common Industrial Protocol) structure –CIP is common to Ethernet IP, DeviceNet, and ControlNet –Supported by ODVA organization (Open Device Vendor Association) Ethernet I/P uses two message types –Explicit: Client/server transaction executed on demand (configuration) –Implicit: I/O data transfer done at a specific, periodic rate Ethernet I/P is widely used in Allen-Bradley PLC products

66 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 66 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MW100 Works with These A-B PLCs !! MW 100 Control Logix PLC-5 SLC-505 Ethernet CompactLogixMicroLogix SLC-504/3/2 NET-ENI serial to IP converter

67 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 67 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Key Concepts for MW100 Ethernet IP MW100 looks like an Allen-Bradley device All MW100 data is preformatted in A-B structures No Ethernet IP configuration required in MW100 Serial to Ethernet interface modules available –Use for SLC-500 and PLC5 –A-B 1761 NET-ENI or Digi One IAP Read and Write data between A-B and MW100 Explicit messaging supported –Flexible method using ladder logic –Supports MSG commands for all current A-B models Implicit messaging supported –Requires no ladder logic –Happens automatically

68 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 68 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar RSLogix Sees MW as a Native Device! MW100

69 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 69 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MW100 Data is Formatted as A-B Data

70 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 70 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Standard A-B OPC Servers Can See MW100 Kepwares ControlLogix server configured for SLC500 interface sees MW100 realtime data!

71 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 71 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Data Transfer in CompactLogix Demo A-B reads (10) MW100 input channels –Uses implicit read of input assembly 110, no ladder logic A-B writes thermocouple input to MW100 –Uses explicit messaging (MSG command ) A-B writes counter value to MW100 –Uses implicit write to output assembly 131

72 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 72 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Implicit Read of MW Data When MW100 is added as an Ethernet IP device, controller tags for Input assembly 110 (MW100:I.Data[n]) and Output assembly 131 (MW100:O.Data[n]) are automatically created.

73 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 73 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Implicit Messaging Uses Predefined Instance IDs

74 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 74 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Explicit Write to MW100 (Ladder Logic)

75 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 75 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Implicit Write to MW Simply use a Move instruction to place A-B data into MW100 output instance. –Single value or multiple

76 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 76 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Specification MW 100 Ethernet/IP Model Specification Spec.Description ImplementationLevel 2 (Message Server + I/O Server) ConnectionMax. 20 ProtocolEIP / PCCC, EIP / native MessagingExplicit (UCMM, Class 3) + I/O (Class 1) ObjectAssembly, PCCC, Data Table Data ExchangeMax. 300 ch (as integer of float data) I / OAI / AO, DI / DO (Max. 60 ch) Sampling100 ms - 60 s RecordingMax. 360 ch (60 I/O + 300 Computation)

77 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 77 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On: CompactLogix Ethernet I/P to MW100

78 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 78 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar EtherNet/IP implicit messaging –UDP/IP CIP (producer/consumer) –Multi-cast packets are NOT acknowledged at transport layer Application layer must acknowledge and may error on NAK! –Network primarily responsible to ensure packet reception Wireless Ethernet I/O Applications

79 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 79 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Wireless UDP/IP CIP Applications

80 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 80 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UDP Traffic on an 802.11 Network Without wireless IGMP support CIP Producer Consumer

81 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 81 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UDP Traffic on an 802.11 Network Without wireless IGMP support CIP Producer Consumer

82 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 82 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UDP Traffic on an 802.11 Network Without wireless IGMP support CIP UDP multicasts wirelessly broadcasted Wireless congestion may drop packets Poor performance & comm timeouts Producer Consumer

83 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 83 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UDP Traffic on an 802.11 Network With wireless IGMP support CIP ACK Producer Consumer

84 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 84 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UDP Traffic on an 802.11 Network With wireless IGMP support CIP ACK Producer Consumer

85 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 85 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar UDP Traffic on an 802.11 Network With wireless IGMP support CIP ACK Each modem builds a consumption table (IGMP snooping) Packets are filtered/ignored Each UDP packet is acknowledged & re-transmitted if necessary Producer Consumer

86 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 86 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar HART HART is an acronym for "Highway Addressable Remote Transducer". The HART protocol makes use of Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) superimposes digital communication signals on top of the 4-20mA This enables two-way field communication to take place It is possible for data other than the process variable to be communicated

87 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 87 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Protocol Converters and Gateways Bridge between devices with different protocols Converters are simple in and out Gateways provide conversion and routing Offered by many different vendors –Yokogawa –Prosoft –Moore Industries –Anybus (HMS) –Lantronix –Digi –Fieldserver –Equustek

88 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 88 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On: HART to MODBUS with MW100 OR

89 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 89 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar MODBUS RTU serial to MODBUS TCP

90 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 90 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar DH+ to MODBUS TCP

91 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 91 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Wireless and Remote Access Technologies Return WirelessDial-upCellular

92 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 92 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar A Look At Radio Frequencies Radio frequency spectrum is assigned by governments –CB radio: 26.96 - 27.41 MHz –FM radio: 88 - 108 MHz –WiFi for PCs: 2.4 GHZ Licensed vs. Unlicensed bands –Licensed provides more power! Two licensed frequency bands –400 MHz –900 MHz 3 unlicensed frequency bands in U.S. –ISM bands (Industrial, Scientific, Medical) –902-928 MHz –2.4 to 2.483 GHz –5.725 to 5.875 GHz (U-NII*). *Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure

93 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 93 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Back to Basics The Two Commonly Used Types of Spread Spectrum Technology FHSS Frequency Hopping DSSS Direct Sequence

94 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 94 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Wired & Wireless Standards Wired 802.3 802.3i 802.5 802.3u 802.3af 10base-T ethernet Token Ring (IBM…) 100base-TX ethernet Powered ethernet 802.3ab 1000base-T gigabit copper Wireless WPAN (wireless personal area network) 802.1x 802.11 802.11a 802.11b 802.11g 802.16 802.15 54 Mbps at 5.4 GHz Wi-Fi, 11 Mbps in 2.4 GHz 54 Mbps at 2.4 GHz 802.15.1 Bluetooth 802.15.4 Zigbee WMAN (wireless metropolitan area network) WLAN (wireless local area network)

95 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 95 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Wireless A B G

96 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 96 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Wireless Example: Connect to DX1000 802.11abg Features of Yokogawa Wireless Radio 802.11abg ISM band Works with wireless in PCs and laptops 54 Mbps speed Class I Div 2 Cryptographic strength AES encryption Configure via webserver Supports IGMP snooping on RF Diagnostic OPC server included

97 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 97 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Cellular Modems (Forget Line of Sight!) Same technology and service providers as your cell phone No line of sight issues or need for antenna towers Flexible and mobile

98 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 98 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Airlink Cellular Application Examples Give a remote PC access to existing network via cellular Give an existing PC access to remote DAQ hardware via celluar

99 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 99 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Advanced Networking Protocol Analyzer Using Managed Switches VLANs VPN SNMP Network Security Return

100 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 100 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Some Switch Terminology Auto Negotiation –Ability of a switch to set data rate and half vs. full duplex between devices Auto Crossover –Ability to determine which wire pairs to use. (is the cable patch or crossover?) SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) –Protocol in managed switches that collects performance and diagnostic info QoS (Quality of Service) –Allows a managed switch to prioritize traffic based on type of data or application VLAN (Virtual LAN) –Ability to set devices connected to a switch into isolated virtual LANs. Port Mirroring –Allows one port on a switch to show traffic of all ports (used for diagnostics) Port Locking –Ability to control access to a switch port by MAC address (increases security) IGMP Snooping (Internet Group Mulitcast Protocol) –Used with Ethernet IP to reduce load associated with multicast traffic Redundancy –Connecting switches with multiple cables so operations continues if a cable is damaged

101 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 101 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Managed vs. Unmanaged Switches Cost $200-$800$400 - $2000 Perfomance Basic featuresQos, Trunking, IGMP Robustness Basic featuresRedundant power & connections Diagnostics LimitedSNMP, Port Mirroring Security NoneVLAN, Port locking Managed Unmanaged

102 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 102 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Protocol Analyzer Lets you see everything on the network!!

103 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 103 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Configuring the Managed Switch

104 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 104 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Port Diagnostics Click on the port and see what it is doing

105 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 105 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Setting up Port Mirroring Allows one port on switch to see all traffic Required if you want to use a protocol analyzer

106 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 106 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Port Locking Limit a port to work with a single MAC address Prevents unauthorized access

107 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 107 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Setting up IGMP (For Ethernet I/P) Internet Group Management Protocol Used with Ethernet I/P to improve performance Limits multicast packets used in producer/consumer communication

108 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 108 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Reporting Software Standard Yokogawa files Printwave Reportwave Return

109 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 109 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Hands On: Working with DX2000 Data Start logging Show memory information Move T/C input, create alarm Stop logging Get file using ftp://192.168.150 Copy to PC Use viewing software to display Convert to Excel Look at file in Excel

110 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 110 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Printwave Software for PC Automatic printing of trend graphs or data Automatic file conversion to PDF or Excel format (.csv) Eliminates manual processing of data files!!! Supports DX100/200/1000/2000 MV100/MV200 MW100 CX1000/2000 DAQ or Recorder is on the network DXAdvanced or MW100 closes a file (hourly, daily…) File is automatically transferred to central PC via FTP When file arrives, Printwave triggers output event

111 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 111 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Sample Printwave Outputs:Trend

112 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 112 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Sample Printwave Outputs: Trend with Stats

113 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 113 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Sample Printwave Outputs:.CSV in Excel

114 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 114 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Reportwave: Custom Reporting Software

115 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 115 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Custom Daily Report on VOCs

116 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 116 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Custom Monthly Report Sample

117 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 117 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar OPC and SCADA Basics of OPC Simple OPC setup example Advanced OPC Concepts –Redundancy –Linking –Custom OPC SCADA concepts –Yokogawa YSuite Example Return

118 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 118 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Yokogawa OPC Products KepServerEX LinkMaster U-Con Redundancy Master SQL DataLogger ClientAce iSNMP Suite

119 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 119 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar OPC: OLE for Process Control OPC is Software Based on Microsoft technologies –OLE –COM/DCOM Uses a Client/Server model Based on an open standard Driven by: –SCADA/HMI software vendors –Hardware vendors Eliminated custom driver libraries Different components –DA: Data Access –HDA: Historical Data Access –A&E:Alarms and Events –UA:Unified Architecture

120 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 120 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Things You Can Do with OPC Connect hardware to a SCADA/HMI package –Wonderware, Iconics, RSView, Proficy, Citect… Connect hardware to plant information systems –OSI PI, Aspentech, Exaquantum Get 3 rd party devices into a DCS Put real-time data into an SQL database Move data between two devices that do not talk Create a driver for a one off device Monitor SNMP network data in your HMI package

121 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 121 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar YSuite SCADA/HMI Software

122 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 122 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Databases and Historians Why would I use a database? Getting Realtime data into an Access Realtime data into SQL databases What is a Historian? Exaquantum example Return

123 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 123 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Live Demonstration of OPC to SQL Allen-Bradley CompactLogix 192.168.1.130 MW100 192.168.1.125 192.168.1.2 Production Area

124 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 124 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Exaquantum Plant Historian Enterprise class historian software

125 YS1000 Release Information Copyright © Yokogawa Electric Corporation December 8, 2007 Page 125 Industrial Networking and Connectivity Seminar Resources Seminar CD Yokogawa website Knowledgebase –Seminar contents –Others Industrial Ethernet University Suggested Reading Return


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