Presentation on theme: "Situational Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Household and Family I Session 17."— Presentation transcript:
Situational Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Household and Family I Session 17
2 Session Objectives Understand the relationship between household and family characteristics and the ability to mitigate, prepare and respond to hazards and disasters Describe ways in which a household’s social resources are tied to disaster response Identify high-risk households Identify current household composition patterns in the U.S. and within any given community Describe home ownership patterns in the U.S. and any given community and develop initiatives for meeting the unique needs of renters
Session 173 As members of households, people make decisions about: Housing Insurance Mitigation measures Preparation for hurricanes Evacuation Aftermath activities such as relocation, reconstruction Families and households are not necessarily the same. Some households are non-family Important kinship networks extend beyond households Households, Families, and Disasters
Session 174 U.S. Household Composition Married couples without children 28.7 Married couples with children 24.1 Other family households 16.0 Women living alone14.8 Men living alone10.7 Other5.7 Source: 2000 Census
Session 175 What do we know about families and disaster response from past disasters? To what extent are other kin involved? How is household composition related to its ability: To respond? To recover?
Session 176 Overburdened caregivers Inadequate parenting Child misbehavior and depression Child abuse Increased conflict Separation and divorce Domestic violence Stress on kin networks What Can Happen to a Family?
Session 177 Perceptions of Increased Stress Since Andrew (percentages) Respondents report more South Stress in relations: Dade County Dade County With their partner27.656.1 Among adults in household23.046.8 Between adults and children21.646.8 Among children20.943.0 With relatives16.729.5 With neighbors 7.513.3 With friends 9.116.1 Source: FIU Hurricane Andrew Survey n=1318 n=504
Session 178 The Social Vulnerability of a Household Can Be Created by: Inadequate economic and material resources Physical and mental limitations Age, gender, race/ethnicity discrimination Large ratio of dependents to productive adults Lack of knowledge and/or prior disaster experience Illiteracy or lack of language proficiency Cultural differences Social integration
Session 1710 Characteristics of Disaster- Resilient Families: Well-informed about hazards Mitigation initiatives in place Stable family and/or social networks Well integrated into the community High ratio of productive adults to dependents Relative gender equality and sharing of household tasks Sound economic base Strong emotional base
Session 1711 T Poor T Female-headed T Disabled T Elders T Minorities T Non-family T Renters Some High Risk Households
Session 1712 Renters Have Little Autonomy Over Their Homes Related to: Mitigation initiatives such as hurricanes or earthquake bracing Maintenance and upkeep Insurance on the structure Repairs or reconstruction after damaged
Session 1713 Selected Types of U.S. Households % of Total Poor11.3 Female-headed With children under 18 Living alone 7.2 12.2 Disabled19.7* Elders (over 65) 9.2 Racial minority32.9 Non-family31.9 Renters33.8