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Situational Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Household and Family I Session 17.

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Presentation on theme: "Situational Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Household and Family I Session 17."— Presentation transcript:

1 Situational Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Household and Family I Session 17

2 2 Session Objectives  Understand the relationship between household and family characteristics and the ability to mitigate, prepare and respond to hazards and disasters  Describe ways in which a household’s social resources are tied to disaster response  Identify high-risk households  Identify current household composition patterns in the U.S. and within any given community  Describe home ownership patterns in the U.S. and any given community and develop initiatives for meeting the unique needs of renters

3 Session 173 As members of households, people make decisions about:  Housing  Insurance  Mitigation measures  Preparation for hurricanes  Evacuation  Aftermath activities such as relocation, reconstruction Families and households are not necessarily the same. Some households are non-family Important kinship networks extend beyond households Households, Families, and Disasters

4 Session 174 U.S. Household Composition Married couples without children 28.7 Married couples with children 24.1 Other family households 16.0 Women living alone14.8 Men living alone10.7 Other5.7 Source: 2000 Census

5 Session 175 What do we know about families and disaster response from past disasters?  To what extent are other kin involved?  How is household composition related to its ability: To respond? To recover?

6 Session 176   Overburdened caregivers  Inadequate parenting  Child misbehavior and depression  Child abuse  Increased conflict  Separation and divorce  Domestic violence  Stress on kin networks What Can Happen to a Family?

7 Session 177 Perceptions of Increased Stress Since Andrew (percentages) Respondents report more South Stress in relations: Dade County Dade County With their partner27.656.1 Among adults in household23.046.8 Between adults and children21.646.8 Among children20.943.0 With relatives16.729.5 With neighbors 7.513.3 With friends 9.116.1 Source: FIU Hurricane Andrew Survey n=1318 n=504

8 Session 178 The Social Vulnerability of a Household Can Be Created by:  Inadequate economic and material resources  Physical and mental limitations  Age, gender, race/ethnicity discrimination  Large ratio of dependents to productive adults  Lack of knowledge and/or prior disaster experience  Illiteracy or lack of language proficiency  Cultural differences  Social integration

9 Session 179 Household Connections

10 Session 1710 Characteristics of Disaster- Resilient Families:  Well-informed about hazards  Mitigation initiatives in place  Stable family and/or social networks  Well integrated into the community  High ratio of productive adults to dependents  Relative gender equality and sharing of household tasks  Sound economic base  Strong emotional base

11 Session 1711 T Poor T Female-headed T Disabled T Elders T Minorities T Non-family T Renters Some High Risk Households

12 Session 1712 Renters Have Little Autonomy Over Their Homes Related to:  Mitigation initiatives such as hurricanes or earthquake bracing  Maintenance and upkeep  Insurance on the structure  Repairs or reconstruction after damaged

13 Session 1713 Selected Types of U.S. Households % of Total Poor11.3 Female-headed With children under 18 Living alone 7.2 12.2 Disabled19.7* Elders (over 65) 9.2 Racial minority32.9 Non-family31.9 Renters33.8


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