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The Strategy for Roma Integration into the Education System of Serbia Budapest, June 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "The Strategy for Roma Integration into the Education System of Serbia Budapest, June 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Strategy for Roma Integration into the Education System of Serbia Budapest, June 2003.

2 Demographic Data  2002 census 108.193 (1,44%) Roma  expert estimation: 450.000 Roma ¹ Nacionalne manjina u SR Jugoslaviji, Savezno ministarstvo nacionalnih i etničkih zajednica, Beograd, 2001.

3 Socio-economic Status  Isolation from the social trends  Life in segregated settlements  Poverty  Discrimination

4 Isolation from the Social Trends Lack of social power, lack of voice Unable to realize their rights as citizens Live in isolation from the society, almost as in a paralel world A part of the Roma population in extremely bad conditions:  IDPs from Kosovo (IDP status, do not speak Serbian)  Deported from EU countries (no earnings, no language skills)  Street children, without parents.

5 Life in segregated settlements  Majority of Roma living in segregated settlements (mahalas) without basic needs met (without solid shelter, water, electicity), on city margins, waste deposit areas, under bridges.

6 Majority of Roma in extreme poverty, without employment, social and health insurance. Poor families with many children cannot support their schooling thus reproducing the poverty cycle. Poverty

7 Discrimination  Research shows high level of social distance towards the Roma in Serbia  There is almost nobody in the Roma population who did not experience some form of discrimination:  Denial of employment even when having adequate qualifications  barriers in the protection of their rights  humiliation, physical violence

8 Educational status  Roma are the educationally most endangered minority in Serbia¹  About 80% of Roma completely or functionally illiterate  These are mostly women  According to the 1991. census 78,7% Roma without complete basic education, only 4,1% with secondary education, and 0,2% with higher education  Data from 2002 census not yet available, but no reason to expect positive changes. ¹Sveobuhvatna analiza sistema osnovnog obrazovanja u SRJ, UNICEF, Beograd, 2001.

9 Roma in Education System  Exclusion  Low level of educational achievement  Discrimination

10 Exclusion  Negligible number involved in preschool education (exceptions some NGO programs)  Although basic education (8 grades) is compulsory, enrollment of Roma children is low, and even among these drop-out rate is high.  Roma children seldom enter secondary 4 year education (from 70.000 applicants 58 Roma this year – i.e. 0.08%). Those who attend secondary education choose 3 or 2 years VET programs.  Even measures of positive discrimination last year did not result in Roma enrollment to higher education (only a few applicants)  No Roma enrollment in adult education

11 Quality of Roma Children Education  Low level of schools outcomes  Low level of knowledge of the majority language  Low level of knowledge of Roma language, history and culture  Lack of motivation for education  Visible discrimination (no friends among class-mates, sitting in back desks, no record of absence for Roma, in case of more substancial Roma enrollment, non-Roma parents refusal to let their children enroll

12 Quality of Roma Children Education Developmental assessment at school enrollment age was biased against Roma – higher then expected rate of enrollment to special schools  Official school statistics do not register nationality, however, unofficial appraisals show that 50-80% of children in special schools are Roma¹  This suits both the schools and the Roma parents  Roma children feel competent and self-confident in special schools (higher achievements, no discrimination) ¹ Sveobuhvatna analizasistema osnovnog obrazovanja u SRJ, UNICEF 2001

13 Educational System Problems  Lack of integration programs  Lack of knowledge about the specific needs of the Roma children  No contents related to Roma language, culture or tradition in the curriculum  Small number of schools with special Roma elective subject :  2002/03. - 23 schools¹  2001/02. - 29 schools (mostly in Vojvodina)²  No department for Romany studies at University ¹ Pokrajinski sekretarijata za nauku, obrazovanje I kulturu ² Savezno ministarstvo za ljudska i manjinska prava

14 Aims of the Strategy of Roma Integration into Education System  Inclusion of all Romany children into all levels of education system and assurance of continuance in their education  Assurance and improvement of quality of their education

15 Some of Measures for Integration of Roma in Education System  Including the children in preschool education at early age  Support and help for Romany families whose children attend schools  Special enrollment policy  Integration programs and teachers training  Support to the education of Roma educational staff  Integrating contents of Romany culture and history into regular curriculum, school textbooks and teacher’s guidebooks  Improving syllabus of Romany language and culture subject  Education of Romany experts for Romany language, history and culture  Developing mechanisms for protection against discrimination

16 Suggested measures are conceived as a part of systematical changes in the frame of the Education reform and other relevant section

17 Assurance of the same conditions for Quality Education for All

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