Presentation on theme: "BARBADOS Early Childhood Education in the context of Equity and Quality preventing School Dropout."— Presentation transcript:
1BARBADOSEarly Childhood Education in the context of Equity and Quality preventing School Dropout
2BARBADOS The most easterly Island of the Caribbean Approximately 166 square milesPopulation: approx. 260,000Composition: predominantly negroLanguage: English
3EDUCATION SYSTEMBritish tiered system: Pre-primary (3-5), Primary (5-11), Secondary & TertiaryMotto: Each one matters, quality education for allEducation high priority for government – the second largest chunk of the budget goes toward education
4ECE STATISTICSAnnual Enrolment (2002/2003): 4,732 children at government Pre-primary (3-4 years old), schools and 529 at private pre-primary Schools78 government schools and 18 private schools that cater for this age group1565 Total number of teachers interacting with children in the 3-7 age range in government schools, of these 341 are males and 1224 are females.
5CURRENT PROGRAMMES Ministry of Education Pre-primary Education:Four traditional nursery schools designed to cater strictly for the needs of the 3-4 age group (Shift system, 4 Nursery Assistants)63 Nursery Units – department of a public primary school. Parent Volunteer Support Programme to facilitate the needs of the 3-yearv-old in the Nursery Unit (1996).One remaining Infant School.Provision for children with Special NeedsEducation Sector Enhancement Programme
6CURRENT PROGRAMMES Ministry of Social Transformation CHILD CARE BOARD:Birth to threePublic Day Care Centres - 15Private Day Care Centres – 64 registered (1998)
7ECE ASSOCIATIONSEarly Childhood Education Association of Barbados Inc. (ECEAB), non-governmental, a body of ECE educators who promote & advocate developmentally appropriate practice in ECEParents Teachers AssociationsParents Staff AssociationsPrivate Day Care Operators Association
8POLICIES 1960 – first public nursery school (3-5) 1987 – 3s into nursery departmentsRegistration (3/more children not your own)Private educational institutionsRatios of adults to children – Birth – 2 = 1:6, 2-4=1:12, 3-5=1:15 & 5-7=1:25Space, furniture & EquipmentImmunisation from birth to 16Entrance must be verified by birth & medical certificatesLength of school day & termInclusion of children with Special Needs
9STRATEGIESProvide free school meals to all Primary aged to ensure that the nutrition needs are metSchool uniforms – eliminates socio-economic differencesPublic nursery schools on a shift basis 9-12 and 1-3 p.m.Registration of Private institutions ensures quality provision & adherence to the National Curriculum
10STRATEGIESFree primary Health Care – provision of hearing aids, glasses, etc.Support services for children in need, e.g. counselling, bus fares, uniforms, etc.Student Services: Counsellor, Psychologists, Social Worker, etc.
11Experiences in ECE Education Sector Enhancement Programme Curriculum reformAttainment targets & revised curriculumStudent-centredConstructivist based learningThematic approach -IntegrationSocio-emotional learning skillsOral competence & Standard English
12CHALLENEGS Need to improve quality of ECE provision Shortage of expertise in ECE training teachersLack of financial resources