Presentation on theme: "The Spanish- American War (April 20- August 12, 1898) & US Foreign Policy in the Early 20 th Century A Splendid Little War."— Presentation transcript:
The Spanish- American War (April 20- August 12, 1898) & US Foreign Policy in the Early 20 th Century A Splendid Little War
Who was Valeriano Weyler? Get this answer from the following video!
Jose Marti and the Cuban Revolution Against Spanish Rule 1:33
Why is he significant in Cubas desire for independence? A. Yellow journalists exaggerated Weylers cruelty. B. People in the US were shocked about these stories and wanted the US to intervene.
Yellow Journalism William Randolph Hearst– New York Journal Joseph Pulitzer– New York World These men tried to outsell each other by exaggerating the facts. Whipped up anti-Spanish sentiment in their readers. Because of the stories, readers called for the US to step in.
The Spanish American War Begins 2:19
The Spanish- American War Cuba: The US set up a blockade around Cuba 125,000 poorly trained & equipped US volunteers fought the Spanish Biggest battle was at San Juan Hill Disease killed more men than combat did The Philippines: George Dewey destroys the Spanish fleet at Manila (capital of the Philippines) Filipinos supported the US & helped our soldiers defeat the Spanish
The War in the Philippines and the Caribbean 3:02
The Rough Riders Most famous unit of the war Led by TR Get credit for famous charge up San Juan Hill Didnt actually do that much– Buffalo Soldiers were responsible for much of the key fighting
Treaty of Paris Ended the Spanish- American War Turned over Guam and Puerto Rico to the US US also bought Philippines for $20 mil. Controversial because it made the US an imperial power– some felt we shouldnt take colonies (violated the Dec. of Ind., US should focus on problems at home first, would create competition for jobs)
Importance of Puerto Rico Good location for a US naval base– would be able to protect the building & maintenance of the Panama Canal 18.3
Rights of Puerto Ricans Today US citizenship Cannot vote in US Presidential elections Subject to military draft Elect members of their own legislature Can move freely from PR to US Have protection of US
Post- War Relations: US & Cuba Relationship not good after US forced Cuba to adopt rules that favored the interests of the US (Platt Amendment) Set up rules to protect US businesses in Cuba Cubans did not appreciate this treatment
Filipinos Rebel US had promised Filipino independence Filipinos revolted when they discovered they were to be an American territory Filipinos now turned against US Used guerilla tactics to fight US
The War Ends: The Treaty of Paris 2:23
US Handles Filipino Rebellion US forced Filipinos to live in designated zones where conditions were very bad Done to keep track of guerillas Cost: 20,000 Filipino rebels died; 4,000 Americans; $400 million
The Open Door Policy Stated that China should not be controlled by foreign nations but should be open to trade with any nation US insisted on this so no European nation would gain a trade advantage over the US
China & the Open Door Policy 3:28
Boxer Rebellion Group in China (the Boxers) who wanted to get rid of all foreigners Killed hundreds of foreigners & Chinese Christians International army put down the rebellion
The Canal Zone To gain the land to build the canal, the US sponsored a rebellion against Columbia (Panama was a province of Columbia) US sent warships to Panama on the day it claimed independence US purchased the canal zone for $10 million plus an annual rent of $250,
Construction of the Panama Canal Very expensive Many men died due to disease 75% of the workers were blacks from the West Indies, some from Spain & Italy 5,600/ 43,400 died from accidents or disease
The Roosevelt Corollary An add- on to the Monroe Doctrine Stated that if necessary, the US would act as the international police if anyone threatened our economic interests in Latin America
Dollar Diplomacy President Taft (came after TR) guaranteed any loan given by American businesses to foreign nations. In other words, if an American business gave a loan to a Latin American nation and that nation could not pay, the US government would cover the loan This was an incentive for US businesses to give $$$ to Latin America This would allow the US to have more power in LA & keep European nations out!
Foreign Policy 5:24
US & the Mexican Revolution of 1911 President Wilson wanted to get rid of Mexican Dictator Victoriano Huerta When some US sailors were arrested in Mexico, Wilson sent in the Marine to occupy Veracruz. Fighting broke out and almost led to war Venustiano Carranza became president
Pancho Villa Opposed Carranzas US- backed government Villas men killed some US engineers President Wilson sent John J. Pershing to hunt down Villa. He was difficult to find. Almost led to war bet. Mexico & the US