2CommunicationCommunication is Key: Effective managers have good communication and people skills. Why do you think effective managers need to be good communicators?
37.1 Management Functions Goals: Describe the overall purpose of management.Discuss the four functions of management.
4Management Functions Introduction to Management- Management includes the processes or functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.Because of the complexity of your business, you will need people to help.Management helps businesses focus on setting and meeting goals efficiently and effectively so that a profit can be made.They develop the objectives for a firm or a department and then figure out how to meet those objectives through people, work processes, and equipment.
5Management Functions Planning Setting objectives and making long and short term plans for meeting the objectives.OrganizingObtaining and coordinating resources so that a business’s objectives can be met.LeadingInfluencing, guiding, and directing people under one’s management to carry out their assigned tasks.ControllingSetting standards for work, evaluating performance, and solving problems that prevent certain tasks completion.
6PlanningPlanning is the act or process of creating goals and objectives as well as the strategies to meet them.Figuring out the resources that are needed and the standards that must be met.
7Organizing and Staffing Organizing is getting the resources arranged in an orderly and functional way to accomplish goals and objectives.Organize people, work processes, and equipment so that work is well coordinated.Hire and train employees-fire them when necessaryMaking sure employees have all the tools to do the job.
8Levels of ManagementOrganizational Chart shows how the firm is structured and who is in charge of whom.Top Level Manager is responsible for setting goals and planning for the future as well as leading and contolling the work of others. Top level management can be composed of a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a president, and at least one vice-president.Middle Manager carries out decisions of top management. Responsible for various departments in a business, such as production, marketing, and accounting departments. Also responsible for organizing functions as well as leading and controlling the work of others.Operational Managers are responsible for the daily operations of a business. Supervisors, office managers, and crew leaders.
9Leading Good management also requires good leadership. Leading means providing direction and vision.Set standards, such as deadlines and sales quotas, delegate work, enforce policies, oversee time management, and provide feedback on employees work, along with resolving conflicts.Good managers lead by example. Showing respect to others, honesty, loyalty, courtesy, and a strong work ethic can have a positive effect on employees.
10ControllingControlling means keeping the company on track and making sure goals are met. Keep track of the schedule, budget, and the quality of the products or services. Monitor employees and review their performance according to standards. Also involves monitoring customer satisfaction.
117.2 Management Structures Why are clear lines of authority important?
12Managerial Structures Line Authority is an organizational structure in which managers of one level are in charge of those beneath them. Authority is clearly defined. Managers have few specialists who help with their responsibilities.Line and Staff Authority organizational chart shows direct line of authority as well as staff who advise the line personnel. Enables managers to get advice. Can lead to overstaffing.Centralized Organization puts authority in one place-with top management. Helps with consistency in decision making.Decentralized Organization gives authority to a number of different managers.
13Formal StructureDepartmentalization divides responsibility among specific units or departments. Geographical location, function, customer groups, and products.
14Informal StructureIf a business does not need a big marketing or distribution network, it does not need a lot of managers. Employees can be more flexible and share duties.
15Skills Needed by Managers Task oriented-they can handle many tasks at one time.Keep accurate business records.Work under pressure.Good problem solvers.Time management skills.Must communicate well. Most of the day spent interacting with others.Good listener.Human relation skills.Knowledge about technical aspects.Understand how various parts of a company relate to the company as a whole.Knowledge of economic conditions.World events. What’s going on in the world.
16Advantages vs. Disadvantages of Being a Manager Managers usually earn more money.Good leaders are respected.Good managers have more influence and authority.Often blamed when things go wrong.Under a lot of pressure.