4Cigarette taxes will be raised. Passive voiceCigarette taxes will be raised.
5Congress will raise taxes on cigarettes. Active voiceCongress will raise taxes on cigarettes.
6My nose was punched by you. Passive voiceMy nose was punched by you.
7You punched me in the nose! Active voiceYou punched me in the nose!
8Why is the passive voice BAD? You can see from these examples that the passive voice is less dynamic than the active voice because it ignores or downplays the doer of the action.
9Sometimes the passive voice is appropriate… THE DOER OF THE ACTION ISN’T IMPORTANT OR UNKNOWN.School is canceled today!The cafeteria food was contaminated.YOU ARE TRYING TO BE POLITEYour application was rejected.The test must be finished in one hour.
10Sometimes the passive voice is appropriate… YOU WANT TO EMPHASIZE THE THING YOU ARE TALKING ABOUTThe big blue ribbon will be given to the winner.YOU ARE WRITING SCIENTIFICALLY.The mice were separated into two groups.
11The trees were stripped last month. The computers were shipped early in September.The letter was written by my brother.The old car was driven by my brother.The school bell was repaired in September.
12This man has been stabbed. My shoes were taken to the shoemaker.The trees were uprooted by the storm.The bookcase was stained a dark walnut.The flowers were planted in March.