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Presentation on theme: "X-RAYS."— Presentation transcript:


2 What is Bone X-ray (Radiography)?
An x-ray (radiograph) is a painless medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. Radiography involves exposing a part of the body to a small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of the inside of the body.

3 X-rays are the oldest and most frequently used form of medical imaging.
A bone x-ray makes images of any bone in the body, including the hand, wrist, arm, foot, ankle, knee, leg or spine.

4 A little history about X-rays
As with many of mankind's monumental discoveries, X-ray technology was invented completely by accident. In 1895, a German physicist named Wilhelm Roentgen made the discovery while experimenting with electron beams in a gas discharge tube. Roentgen noticed that a fluorescent screen in his lab started to glow when the electron beam was turned on. This response in itself wasn't so surprising -- fluorescent material normally glows in reaction to electromagnetic radiation -- but Roentgen's tube was surrounded by heavy black cardboard. Roentgen assumed this would have blocked most of the radiation.

5 X-ray technology was discovered in 1895
X-ray technology was discovered in 1895.  Roentgen placed various objects between the tube and the screen, and the screen still glowed. Finally, he put his hand in front of the tube, and saw the silhouette of his bones projected onto the fluorescent screen. Immediately after discovering X-rays themselves, he had discovered their most beneficial application. Roentgen's remarkable discovery precipitated one of the most important medical advancements in human history. X-ray technology lets doctors see straight through human tissue to examine broken bones, cavities and swallowed objects with extraordinary ease. Modified X-ray procedures can be used to examine softer tissue, such as the lungs, blood vessels or the intestines. 2


7 What are some common uses of the procedure?
A bone x-ray is used to: Determine whether a bone has been fractured or if a joint is dislocated. Ensure that a fracture has been properly aligned and stabilized for healing following treatment. Determine whether there is a build up of fluid in the joint or around a bone.

8 X-rays are also used to:
Guide orthopedic surgery, such as spinal repair, joint replacement and fracture reductions. Evaluate injury or damage from conditions such as infection, arthritis, abnormal bone growths or other bone diseases, such as osteoporosis. Assist in the detection and diagnosis of cancer. Locate foreign objects. Evaluate changes in bones.

9 Patient Preparation for X-ray:
Most bone x-rays require no special preparation. Remove some or all of your clothes and wear a gown during the exam. Remove jewelry, eye glasses and any metal objects or clothing that might interfere with the x-ray images. Women should always inform their physician or x-ray technologist if there is any possibility that they are pregnant.

10 Very Important !!!!!!!!!!!!! Many imaging tests are not performed during pregnancy because radiation can be harmful to the fetus. If an x-ray is necessary, precautions will be taken to minimize radiation exposure to the baby.

11 How do X-rays work ?? X-rays are a form of radiation like light or radio waves. X-rays pass through most objects, including the body. Once it is carefully aimed at the part of the body being examined, an x-ray machine produces a small burst of radiation that passes through the body, recording an image on photographic film or a special image recording plate.

12 Different parts of the body absorb the x-rays in varying degrees
Different parts of the body absorb the x-rays in varying degrees. Dense bone absorbs much of the radiation while soft tissue, such as muscle, fat and organs, allow more of the x-rays to pass through them. As a result, bones appear white on the x-ray, soft tissue shows up in shades of gray and air appears black.

13 X-ray images are maintained as hard film copy (much like a photographic negative) or, more likely, as a digital image that is stored electronically. These stored images are easily accessible and are sometimes compared to current x-ray images for diagnosis and disease management. Old way- film New way- digital via computers

14 X-ray Equipment The equipment typically used for bone x-rays consists of an x-ray tube suspended over a table on which the patient lies. A drawer under the table holds the x-ray film or image recording plate. Image recording plate- Part of an electronic detector used in a digital imaging system. An x-ray machine produces a small burst of radiation that passes through the body, recording an image either on photographic film or, in a digital system, on the image recording plate of an electronic detector, a device that converts the x-rays into digital signals which are in turn sent to a computer to produce images.

15 Stationary X-ray Equipment
Portable X-ray Equipment

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