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Active and Passive Voice. Part of Speech Noun Noun Pronoun Pronoun Verb Verb Helping Verb Helping Verb Adjective Adjective Preposition Conjunction.

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Presentation on theme: "Active and Passive Voice. Part of Speech Noun Noun Pronoun Pronoun Verb Verb Helping Verb Helping Verb Adjective Adjective Preposition Conjunction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Active and Passive Voice

2 Part of Speech Noun Noun Pronoun Pronoun Verb Verb Helping Verb Helping Verb Adjective Adjective Preposition Conjunction

3 Active Voice John punched Kim What is John ? What is John ? Subject Subject What is punched? What is punched? Verb Verb Past Past What is Kim ? What is Kim ? Object Object

4 Active Voice John punched Kim Who did the action? Who did the action? John John What was the action What was the action Punch Punch Who was punched? Who was punched? Kim Kim

5 Passive Voice Kim punched [by] John Who is the Subject? Who is the Subject? Kim Kim What is the action? What is the action? Punch Punch Is there an OBJECT? Is there an OBJECT? NO NO What is “by John” What is “by John” AGENT *Agent is the person/thing that do action AGENT *Agent is the person/thing that do action

6 Compare and Contrast John punched Kim Subject = John Object = Kim Action = Punch Kim was punched by John Subject = Kim Object? = NO object Instead? Agent = John Action = Punch

7 BIG difference What were in Passive Voice, but not in Active Voice? What were in Passive Voice, but not in Active Voice? BE VERB and PREPOSITION “BY” BE VERB and PREPOSITION “BY” Do you need to put them every time? Do you need to put them every time?!YES!

8 Be Verb and Preposition By BE VERB changes its tense ACCORDING TO? BE VERB changes its tense ACCORDING TO? The TENSE of the MAIN VERB The TENSE of the MAIN VERB What does Preposition “By” do? What does Preposition “By” do? Makes Subject of Active Voice a AGENT Makes Subject of Active Voice a AGENT Agent is a person/thing that do Action(Verb) Agent is a person/thing that do Action(Verb)

9 PAY ATTENTION All verbs have 3 different tenses. All verbs have 3 different tenses. Present tense, Past tense, and PERFECT TENSES Present tense, Past tense, and PERFECT TENSES Irregular verbs has different forms of Perfect Tenses Irregular verbs has different forms of Perfect Tenses EAT  ATE  EATEN EAT  ATE  EATEN TAKE  TOOK  TAKEN TAKE  TOOK  TAKEN WRITE  WROTE  WRITTEN WRITE  WROTE  WRITTEN You MUST change main verb to PERFECT TENSES in PASSIVE VOICE You MUST change main verb to PERFECT TENSES in PASSIVE VOICE

10 What do You need to DO? John punched Kim  Kim was punched by John Change Subject and Object John becomes AGENT, and Kim becomes SUBJECT You ADD BE verb and change the tense according to main verb Between Subject and Main verb Change Main verb to PERFECT TENSE Put “BY” after the Main verb Put Subject of Active Voice after BY

11 EXERCISE Describe the picture in Active Voice and Passive Voice in Past Tense

12 EXERCISE

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