Presentation on theme: "4 Main Parts of Speech Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs."— Presentation transcript:
4 Main Parts of Speech Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs
Try to write a sentence with each of these words? – Obsession (noun) – Obsess (verb) – Obsessive (adjective) – Obsessively (adverb) Is it easy or hard?
It can be easier! If you understand the job of each part of speech in a sentence, it can be easier to write sentences with new vocabulary words. So, let’s review them.
Nouns Nouns are people, places, things or ideas – They can be the subject or object of a verb I like chairs. – They can also be the object of a preposition I am a fan of Adele Your pen is on the table.
Let’s try again. Write a sentence with: – Obsession
Some examples I have an obsession. – (the object of “have”) My obsession is soccer. – (the subject of “is”) I am tired of my obsession with soccer. – (the object of “of”)
One more time Write a sentences with: – Athlete Did you use “athlete” as: – the subject of a verb? – the object of a verb? or – the object of a preposition?
Verbs Verbs describe: 1. an action I ran to class. 2.a state of being The cat is happy. Different verb tenses show: – Past I ate a cookie. – Present I am eating a cookie. – Future I will eat a cookie.
Verbs 3 types: – Transitive: Takes a direct object that answers the questions what? or who? -I like basketball. – Intransitive: Doesn’t take an object -Tony is running. – Linking: Links the subject to a compliment (an adjective or noun) -He is famous. -He is an actor.
Let’s try again Write a sentence with: – Obsess
Some examples Soccer obsesses me. He is obsessed with the TOEFL exam. Ashley is trying to obsess less about her weight.
One more time Write a sentence with – Focus
Adjectives & Adverbs Adjectives & adverbs give more information about nouns and verbs.
Adjectives Describe or qualify a noun or pronoun Answer the questions: – What kind? I bought some colorful cups. – How many? I bought six, colorful cups – Which one? The red one is my favorite.
Adjectives Adjectives go: – before a noun or – after a linking verb – Common linking verbs: be, feel, seem, become, appear, look, taste, smell, sound Adele is a famous singer. Michael Jordan is athletic.
Let’s try again Write a sentence with: – Obsessive
Some examples An obsessive athlete practices for hours everyday. – (is used before the noun) He is obsessive. – (is used after the linking verb “is”) He is an obsessive person. – (is used before the noun)
One more time Write a sentence with: – Athletic Did you put the adjective before a noun or after a linking verb?
Adverbs Describe or qualify: – a verb He ran quickly. – other adverb He ran very quickly. – an adjective She is very pretty. Adverbs can be located in many different places of a sentence.
Adverbs Answer the questions: – How? He ran quickly. She quietly opened the door. – When? Yesterday, I went running. I always exercise after class. – Where It is under the table. – Why? I’m smiling because I’m happy.
Let’s try again Write a sentence with: – Obsessively
Some examples He obsessively plays soccer. He plays soccer obsessively.
One more time Write a sentence with: – Athletically Does your adverb describe a verb, adverb, or adjective? Which question does it answer? – How? – When? – Where? – Why?
Good job! We have reviewed the four main parts of speech.
Let’s Review What are the four main parts of speech? What part of speech is the subject and/or object in a sentence? What are the 3 types of verbs? – Can you give example sentences?
Let’s Review What do adjectives do? Where can they go in a sentence? What do adverbs do? What questions do they answer?