Presentation on theme: "SOL Quiz 9 Greece. 1. Geographically, Greece is a a. hilly and mountainous peninsula b. series of large islands c. fertile river valley surrounded by."— Presentation transcript:
1. Geographically, Greece is a a. hilly and mountainous peninsula b. series of large islands c. fertile river valley surrounded by deserts d. high plateau enclosed by mountains Geographically, Greece is a hilly and mountainous peninsula. The mountains and hills of Greece divide the Greek peninsula into small plains and valleys, helping to divide the people of ancient Greece into small communities.
2. Which of the following waterways provided a pathway between ancient Greece and Egypt? a. Atlantic Ocean b. Black Sea c. Indian Ocean d. Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea provided a pathway between ancient Greece and Egypt. Egypt lies south of the Greek peninsula.
3. The "Iliad" and the "Odyssey" are important because they a. tell the true history of the Trojan War b. are great works of literature that help us understand life in ancient Greece c. present factual accounts of the beginnings of Greek civilization d. are factual accounts of the Persian invasion of Greece The "Iliad" and the "Odyssey" are important because they not only are great works of literature, but also help us understand life in ancient Greece. The two epics were either written by a great poet called Homer, or a group of poets whose work has become associated with Homer's name. The "Iliad" and the "Odyssey" tell the story of heroes during and after the Trojan War (about 1200 B.C.). They also tell us about life in Greece during its Dark Age, when most people could not read or write. Experts believe that the two Homeric epics are a mixture of fact and fiction.
4. Many small city-states developed in ancient Greece largely because a. the peoples of Greece came from different cultures b. the peoples of Greece were divided by the many different languages they spoke c. the Greek peninsula is divided by mountains and inlets that separated people d. religious differences tended to keep people from uniting City-states developed in ancient Greece because the Greek peninsula is divided by mountains and inlets that separated people and made it difficult for the Greeks to unite into large states. Language tended to unify the Greek people. Religion was another unifying force. The Greeks, with a few exceptions, worshipped the same gods and goddesses.
5. The polis or city-state of ancient Greece was a. an agricultural province controlled by a governor b. a colony established overseas c. an independent city or town NOT including the countryside d. a city and the agricultural lands surrounding it The polis or city-state of ancient Greece was a city and the agricultural lands surrounding it. The average city-state was small by modern standards, ranging in size from fifty to five hundred square miles. Populations ranged from about five thousand to about a third of a million. Each city-state was independent and separate from the others.
6. Which of the following was emphasized in the education of Spartan youths in ancient Greece? a. an appreciation for the fine arts and literature b. the accumulation of wealth through business c. physical strength and military skill d. mathematical and scientific knowledge Physical strength and military skill were emphasized in the education of Spartan youths. At the age of seven, Spartan boys left their homes and went to live in army barracks. They were forced to undergo many physical hardships during their military training. Spartan soldiers were considered to be the best in ancient Greece.
7. Which of the following is a major contribution of ancient Athens to Western civilization? a. writing b. democracy c. monotheism d. monarchy A major contribution of ancient Athens to Western civilization was the practice of democratic government. The Athenians developed a system of government based on the right of male citizens to discuss and vote on issues in an assembly.
8. As a result of the Persian Wars of the 5th century B.C. a. Greece became a part of the Persian Empire b. the influence of Athens increased in Greece c. the Persian Empire was destroyed d. Spartan power in Greece declined greatly As a result of the Persian Wars the influence of Athens increased in Greece. Athens had played a leading role in driving the Persians from Greece, although the Persian Empire remained strong in Asia. Athens led in the formation of an alliance to prevent further Persian attacks. Athens increased the size of its navy and also increased its commerce and wealth. Sparta had also played an important role in defeating the Persians, and its prestige and power were also increased after the Persian Wars.
9. The basic cause of the Peloponnesian War was a. the rivalry between Sparta and Athens b. a drought in the Pelopennesus c. Athens's fear of invasion by the Persians d. overpopulation in Sparta The immediate cause of the Peloponnesian War was the rivalry between Sparta and Athens. After the Persian Wars, Athens created an empire in Greece and the eastern Mediterranean. When Athenian expansion seemed to threaten Sparta's security, a short war occurred between the two city-states. Sparta and Athens then signed a peace in 445 B.C. Athens promised to give up its land claims, and Sparta agreed to recognize Athens's sea empire. The peace was broken in 431 B.C. when Sparta invaded the regions surrounding Athens, thereby beginning the Peloponnesian War.
10. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta a. conquered Asia Minor b. was conquered by Persia c. became an ally of Athens d. dominated Greece for a number of years As a result of the Peloponnesian War (which ended in 404 B.C.), Sparta became dominant in Greece. For about 30 years, between 404 and 371 B.C., Sparta used its victory over Athens to suppress any opposition from Greek states to its dominance. Finally, Sparta was defeated by Thebes in 371 B.C., and its dominance over Greece ended.