5 Athens's Government direct democracy people play a direct role in governmentadult males became citizensslaves women and foreigners played no part
6 Sparta’s Government Military Dictatorship/oligarchy power lies in the hands of a few elite
7 Which statue represents Sparta and which represents Athens? Explain.
8 Athenian Religion Spartan Religion Polytheistic – Greek gods acted human and intervened with life on Earth.Spartan ReligionPolytheistic – Greek gods acted human and intervened with life on Earth.
9 How did the Greeks use their religion to explain the world around them?
10 WomenAthenian Womencould own no property except their clothes, jewelry and slavesconfined to homesmust be accompanied by a man outside houseSpartan WomenCould own property and were the head of the house and business. Men were forced into the military at age 7 and were rarely home giving women more freedom and power.
11 Which civilization would you rather live in if you were a woman?
12 ArtAthens: Art was encouraged and desirable Education focused heavily on the arts and Athenians produced much of the great art of the era.Sparta: Artistic expression was forbidden because it was believed to interfere with military business
14 Education Athens: Girls educated at home 6-7 boys: taught at home 7 to 14: neighborhood schoolsubjects taught: drama, public speaking, reading, writing, math, science, philosophy and music.Sparta:trained for warfareBegan training at age of sevenlived in army barracks most their livesRespected strength, discipline and equalityforbade luxuries
18 Economy Athens: Overseas trade, commerce traded for food Created overseas coloniesSparta:agriculture basedWere against trade namely to prevent cultural diffusionSlaves called Helots worked the land
19 Why did many Greek city-states rely on trade for food?
20 SlaveryAthens: had slaves who were usually captured in war or just people who owed money.Sparta: The Spartans enslaved the Helots who were the early settlers of Peloponnesus. They outnumbered the Spartans and fear of them revolting is what encouraged Spartan society to become a military state.