Presentation on theme: "Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goalsinternational development All."— Presentation transcript:
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goalsinternational development All 193 United Nations member statesUnited Nationsmember states 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015.international organizations Were officially established following the Millennium Summit in 2000, where all world leaders present Millennium Summit Adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration.United Nations Millennium Declaration
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The Millennium Summit was presented with the report of the Secretary-General entitled ‘We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty- First Century’. Additional input was prepared by the Millennium Forum, which brought together representatives of over 1,000 non-governmental and civil society organizations from more than 100 countries. The Forum met in May 2000 to conclude a two-year consultation process
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) They include eradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership for development.extreme povertychild mortalityepidemicsAIDS
Aim The aim of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to encourage development by improving Social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries. Issues such as poverty eradication, environmental protection, human rights and protection of the vulnerable.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The Declaration asserts that Every individual has the right to dignity, freedom, equality, Basic standard of living that includes Freedom from hunger and violence, and encourages tolerance and solidarity
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The MDGs were made to operationalize these ideas by setting Targets and indicators for poverty reduction in order to achieve the rights set forth in the Declaration on a set fifteen-year timeline
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The MDGs focus on three major areas of Human development (humanity): Human development (humanity) Bolstering human capital, improving infrastructure,human capital Increasing social, economic and political rights, with the majority of the focus going towards increasing basic standards of living
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The objectives chosen within the human capital focus include improving nutrition, healthcare (including reducing levels of child mortality, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, and increasing reproductive health), and education.child mortalityHIV/AIDStuberculosis malariareproductive health
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) For the infrastructure focus, the objectives include improving infrastructure through increasing access to safe drinking water, energy and modern information/communication technology; amplifying farm outputs through sustainable practices; improving transportation infrastructure; and preserving the environment.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) the social, economic and political rights focus, the objectives include empowering women, reducing violence, increasing political voice, ensuring equal access to public services, and increasing security of property rights. The goals chosen were intended to increase an individual’s human capabilities and “advance the means to a productive life”.human capabilities The MDGs emphasize that individual policies needed to achieve these goals should be tailored to individual country’s needs; therefore most policy suggestions are general.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The MDGs also emphasize the role of developed countries in aiding developing countries, as outlined in Goal Eight. Goal Eight sets objectives and targets for developed countries to achieve a “global partnership for development” by supporting fair trade, debt relief for developing nations, increasing aid and access to affordable essential medicines, and encouraging technology transfer.fair trade Thus developing nations are not seen as left to achieve the MDGs on their own, but as a partner in the developing-developed compact to reduce world poverty.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The MDGs were developed out of the eight chapters of the United Nations, signed in September 2000.United Nations There are eight goals with 21 targets, and a series of measurable indicators for each target.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates Target 4A: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate Under-five mortality rate Infant (under 1) mortality rate Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 5: Improve maternal health Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratiomaternal mortality Maternal mortality ratio Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel Target 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health Contraceptive prevalence rate Adolescent birth rate Antenatal care coverage Unmet need for family planning
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Review Summit 2010 A major conference was held at UN headquarters in New York on 20–22 September 2010 to review progress to date, with five years left to the 2015 deadline. The conference concluded with the adoption of a global action plan to achieve the eight anti- poverty goals by their 2015 target date. There were also major new commitments on women's and children's health, and major new initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty, hunger and disease.