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Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goalsinternational development  All.

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Presentation on theme: "Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goalsinternational development  All."— Presentation transcript:


2 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goalsinternational development  All 193 United Nations member statesUnited Nationsmember states  23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year organizations  Were officially established following the Millennium Summit in 2000, where all world leaders present Millennium Summit  Adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration.United Nations Millennium Declaration

3 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The Millennium Summit was presented with the report of the Secretary-General entitled ‘We the Peoples:  The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty- First Century’.  Additional input was prepared by the Millennium Forum, which brought together representatives of over 1,000 non-governmental and civil society organizations from more than 100 countries. The Forum met in May 2000 to conclude a two-year consultation process

4 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  They include eradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership for development.extreme povertychild mortalityepidemicsAIDS

5 Aim  The aim of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to encourage development by improving  Social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries.  Issues such as poverty eradication, environmental protection, human rights and protection of the vulnerable.

6 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The Declaration asserts that  Every individual has the right to dignity, freedom, equality,  Basic standard of living that includes  Freedom from hunger and violence, and encourages tolerance and solidarity

7 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The MDGs were made to operationalize these ideas by setting  Targets and indicators for poverty reduction in order to achieve the rights set forth in the Declaration on a set fifteen-year timeline

8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The MDGs focus on three major areas of Human development (humanity): Human development (humanity)  Bolstering human capital, improving infrastructure,human capital  Increasing social, economic and political rights, with the majority of the focus going towards increasing basic standards of living

9 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The objectives chosen within the human capital focus include improving nutrition, healthcare (including reducing levels of child mortality, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, and increasing reproductive health), and education.child mortalityHIV/AIDStuberculosis malariareproductive health

10 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  For the infrastructure focus, the objectives include improving infrastructure through increasing access to safe drinking water, energy and modern information/communication technology; amplifying farm outputs through sustainable practices; improving transportation infrastructure; and preserving the environment.

11 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  the social, economic and political rights focus, the objectives include empowering women, reducing violence, increasing political voice, ensuring equal access to public services, and increasing security of property rights.  The goals chosen were intended to increase an individual’s human capabilities and “advance the means to a productive life”.human capabilities  The MDGs emphasize that individual policies needed to achieve these goals should be tailored to individual country’s needs; therefore most policy suggestions are general.

12 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The MDGs also emphasize the role of developed countries in aiding developing countries, as outlined in Goal Eight.  Goal Eight sets objectives and targets for developed countries to achieve a “global partnership for development” by supporting fair trade, debt relief for developing nations, increasing aid and access to affordable essential medicines, and encouraging technology transfer.fair trade  Thus developing nations are not seen as left to achieve the MDGs on their own, but as a partner in the developing-developed compact to reduce world poverty.

13 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  The MDGs were developed out of the eight chapters of the United Nations, signed in September 2000.United Nations  There are eight goals with 21 targets, and a series of measurable indicators for each target.

14 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 1:  Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2:  Achieve universal primary education Goal 3:  Promote gender equality and empower women

15 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 4:  Reduce child mortality rates  Target 4A: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate  Under-five mortality rate  Infant (under 1) mortality rate  Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles

16 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 5:  Improve maternal health  Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratiomaternal mortality  Maternal mortality ratio  Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel  Target 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health  Contraceptive prevalence rate  Adolescent birth rate  Antenatal care coverage  Unmet need for family planning

17 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 6:  Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Goal 7:  Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8:  Develop a global partnership for development

18 Review Summit 2010  A major conference was held at UN headquarters in New York on 20–22 September 2010 to review progress to date, with five years left to the 2015 deadline.  The conference concluded with the adoption of a global action plan to achieve the eight anti- poverty goals by their 2015 target date.  There were also major new commitments on women's and children's health, and major new initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty, hunger and disease.


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