Presentation on theme: "Racing Rules of Sailing"— Presentation transcript:
1Racing Rules of Sailing Start to know themRalph StanfordWoollahra Sailing Club
2Too much to learn! 20 definitions rules 1 to 91 7 parts 15 appendices revised every 4 years!
3Bare essentials 8 definitions 23 rules current issue good for another 2 years!
4International Sailing Federation (ISAF) World governing body for sailingRecognised by IOCInternational Yacht Racing Uniontruly universal racing rules of sailing139 member nationsYachting Australia108 international class associationsMirror Class
5RRS structure Definitions 8 Part 1 – Fundamental Rules 1 Part 2 – When Boats Meet 15Part 3 – Conduct of a Race 5Part 4 – Other Requirements When Racing 2Part 5 – Protests etc 1Part 6 – Entry and Qualification 0Part 7 – Race Organisation 0
6DefinitionsThis is not all of them – look them up!
30Rule 11 On the same tack, overlapped: When boats are on the same tack and overlapped, a windward boat shall keep clear of a leeward boat.Windward boatKeeps clearIssue:Luffing
31Rule 12 On the same tack, not overlapped: When boats are on the same tack and not overlapped, a boat clear astern shall keep clear of a boat clear ahead.Clear astern keeps clear‘Overtaking boat keeps clear’
32Rule 13Whilst tacking:After a boat passes head to wind, she shall keep clear of other boats until she is on a close-hauled course. Rules 10, 11 and 12 don’t apply.“Don’t tack in my water!!”
33Section B General Limitations 14 – Avoid contact 15 – Acquiring right of way, initially give room16 – Changing course17 – Same tack, sailing above proper course
34What is this section about? Trying to prevent water borne carnageMarine dodgem carsSoftens the impact of right of wayMore enjoyable racingProtection of investment by sailors
35Rule 14Avoid contact:A boat shall avoid contact with another boat if reasonably possible.Best to take avoiding action and protest the boat that got in the way
36Rule 15 Acquiring right of way: When a boat acquires right of way, she shall initially give the other boat room to keep clear, …..
37Rule 16Changing course:When a right of way boat changes course, she shall give the other boat room to keep clear.Green bore away at the last moment and red was unable to keep clear
38Rule 17 On the same tack; proper course: If a boat clear astern becomes overlapped within two of her hull lengths to leeward of a boat on the same tack, she shall not sail above her proper course…….Proper course
39Section C At Marks and Obstructions 18 – Mark-room 19 – Room to Pass an Obstruction20 – Room to Tack at an Obstruction21 – Exoneration
40What is this section about? No traffic lights on the waterLike a roundaboutEveryone can keep moving if they obey the rules
41Rule 18Mark-room:Applies to two boats required to leave a mark on the same side and at least one of them is in the zone.
42Rule 18 Giving mark-room: Overlap is established when the first boat enters the zone.The boat ‘outside and overlapped’ or ‘clear astern’ shall give room.Rule 18Orange is overlapped by blue and gives mark-room to blue, even if the overlap is later broken.Black is clear astern of orange and gives mark-room to orange, even if an overlap is later established.
43Rule 18 Does not apply at: Start marks Between boats on opposite tacks whilst beating to windwardStart‘At the windward mark on opposite tacks, take the bouy away.’“No room at the start”
44Rule 18 Giving mark-room: If an outside overlapped boat is unable to give room, she is not required to give it.Red is not going to be able to give orange mark-room.
45Rule 18An inside overlapped boat should gybe no later than necessary to round the mark.Red must gybe.
46Rule 19 Room to pass an obstruction: Applies between two boats at an obstructionRight of way boat chooses which side to goWhen overlapped, the outside boat gives roomRule 19Red could pass to windward or leeward as right of way boat (Rule 11), but has to give black room when passing to leeward of the obstruction because of the overlap.No zone, just ‘at’.
47Rule 19 Room to pass at an obstruction: No right to push in at a continuing obstruction.
48Rule 20 Room to tack at an obstruction: When approaching an obstruction, a boat may hail for room to tack and avoid a boat on the same tack.“You tack”“Room to tack”
49Rule 21A boat may be exonerated if she has right of way under Section c, but is compelled to break:Any rule of Section A (Rules 10 to 13)Rule 15 (acquiring right of way, give room)Rule 16 (changing course, give room to keep clear)Rule 31 (touching a mark)
50Section DOther rules22 – Starting errors; Taking penalties; Moving astern23 – Capsized; Anchored or aground; Rescuing24 – Interfering with another boat
51Rule 22Starting errors:A boat sailing towards the pre-start side of the starting line shall keep clear of other boats