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1 Chapter 3 Navigating With Rules Mike Brough June 25 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter 3 Navigating With Rules Mike Brough June 25 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Chapter 3 Navigating With Rules Mike Brough June

2 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 2 Chapter 3 Navigating with Rules

3 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 3 General responsibility rule No exoneration for neglect of the rules Departure from rules ok to avoid collision Navigation Rules Purpose: To prevent collisions between two boats!!

4 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 4 How To Prevent Collisions Practice good seamanship Maintain a lookout Maintain safe speed 1 2 3

5 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 5 Navigation Rules They apply to everyone (No matter size or kind of vessel)‏ Two groups Steering and sailing rules “Driving rules” Sounds, lights. & shapes “Nautical communication system”

6 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 6 Navigation Definitions Power driven - vessel propelled by machinery Sailing - vessel under sail (if engine is used it is a power vessel)‏ Underway - not anchored, not attached to shore, a pier, or aground Constant bearing decreasing range - this is a collision course

7 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 7 Meeting Other Boats Give way vessel – required to change course and speed Stand on vessel – must maintain course and speed When do these apply? 1 2 3

8 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 8 Responsibilities Between Vessels (Hierarchy) ‏ Vessel not under command Vessel restricted in the ability to maneuver Vessel engaged in fishing (with a net)‏ Sailing vessel (no power)‏ Power driven vessel

9 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 9 Meeting Head-On Power Give Way! Power Give Way! Power Give Way! Sail Stand on! 1 2

10 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 10 Crossing Situations Power boat Stand on Power boat Give way Sail boat Stand on Power boat Give way 1 2

11 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 11 Overtaking Give wayStand on 1

12 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 12 Sailboats Encountering Sailboats Windward boat Leeward boat Wind direction

13 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 13 Wind On Same Side Wind direction Give way Windward Leeward

14 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 14 Wind On Different Side Wind direction Give way

15 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 15 Wind From Stern Give Way Wind direction

16 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 16 Navigation Lights Side lights Stern lights Masthead light All round white light

17 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 17 Sail boats & manually powered boats less than 22 ft – single white light Lights

18 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 18 Sailboat At Night Green or red only observed May be a sailboat under sail Give way Sailboat under sail only Always stand-on except when overtaking 1 2

19 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 19 Sail Stand on Power Give way Give Way To Sailboat! Sail Stand on Power Give way Sail Stand on Power Give way 123

20 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 20 Note: unlit space of several hundred yards between the lights on the bow and stern Lights On Tows

21 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 21 Night Navigation Give way Stand on Give way Stand on

22 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 22 Night Navigation Make sure navigation lights work Use all around light at anchor Reduce speed Proceed with caution Be alert Stop if visibility is severely restricted

23 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 23 Sound Signals Why have Sound Signals? When do you use them? 1 2

24 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 24 Sound Signals Short blast: about one second long Prolonged blast: 4 to 6 seconds Danger Signal: 5 short blasts Blind bend or corner: 1 prolonged blast Let Other Boaters Know Where You Are

25 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 25 Sound Signal Inland Rules Signals indicate intent Require an answer of agreement International Rules Signals indicate execution No response required unless danger 1 2 (Maneuvering)‏

26 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 26 Sound Signals Restricted visibility is when a boat is not in sight because of fog, rain, snow, sand storm etc. What will a powerboat underway sound? A sailboat? 1 2 (Restricted Visibility)‏

27 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 27 Vessel Traffic Service VTS Traffic Separation Scheme “Separation Zone” 1, ,000 yards Port to Port 1.4 miles 1 2

28 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 28 Chapter 3 Review

29 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 29 Review Exercises The vessel that according to the Navigation Rules must stay out of another vessel’s way and take early and substantial action to do so by altering course and/or speed is called the _____ vessel. Stand-on In-danger Give-way High priority 1 a b c d

30 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 30 Review Exercises When two powerboats meet bow-to- bow, which boat must stay out of the way of the other? The boat closest to the wind. Both boats are give-way vessels. The boat closest to a northerly heading. The boat last to sound its maneuvering signal. 2 a b c d

31 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 31 Review Exercises A powerboat observing another vessel crossing its course from off its starboard side must: speed up to pass ahead of the other vessel. maintain course and speed. take early action to keep clear. signal five short blasts on its whistle. 5 a b c d

32 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 32 Review Exercises When operating in a narrow channel, you must keep your vessel: as close to the outer limit of the channel that lies to your starboard side as is safe and practicable. as close to the center of the channel as is safe and practicable. as close to the outer limit of the channel that lies to your port side as is safe and practicable. with the wind and current on your stern for best control. 6 a b c d

33 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 33 Review Exercises You are fishing for bluefish by trolling a lure behind your slow-moving boat. According to the rules you have: special privileges, providing you show the lights of a vessel engaged in fishing. priority of movement over all other vessels. no special rights or privileges. special privileges, for you are restricted in maneuverability. 7 a b c d

34 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 34 Review Exercises A sailboat with sails raised and operating using engine power is a: vessel not under command. vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver. fast vessel. power-driven vessel. 8 a b c d

35 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 35 Review Exercises If you see two white masthead lights in a vertical line, you should be prepared to take action because you are meeting a: surfaced submarine. large sport fisherman. vessel towing or pushing ahead. night-time sail race. 10 a b c d

36 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 36 Review Exercises The signal used when you do not understand the other boater’s intentions is: 1 short blast of the whistle. 5 or more short and rapid blasts of the whistle. shouting “danger!” as loudly as possible. rapid and constant waving of the arms. 11 a b c d

37 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 37 Review Exercises While operating in a thick fog, you hear one prolonged blast every 2 minutes. You proceed slowly and watch for a ____. vessel not under command. vessel engaged in fishing. sailing vessel underway. powerboat underway making way. 12 a b c d

38 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. 38 End Chapter 3 Rules


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