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Society’s Reaction to the Industrial Revolution.  EQ: How did society respond to the changes brought by the IR?

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Presentation on theme: "Society’s Reaction to the Industrial Revolution.  EQ: How did society respond to the changes brought by the IR?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Society’s Reaction to the Industrial Revolution

2  EQ: How did society respond to the changes brought by the IR?

3 Change!  Middle class wants the right to vote  Working class wants better working conditions  Women want equal rights with men since they are now working outside the home

4 Rise of Labor Unions  Labor union – groups of workers formed organizations to protest working conditions and demand reform (shorter hours, age limit for workers, safety measures)  Strikes - stopping work… put pressure on employers

5 Child Labor Laws  Britain was the first to pass laws regulating child labor.  1802 to a series of laws gradually shortened the working hours, improved the conditions, and raised the age at which children could work.  United States took many years to outlaw child labor.  By 1899 a total of 28 states had passed laws regulating child labor.

6 Minimum Wage Laws  Minimum Wage – the lowest amount a business can legally pay a worker  Meant to prevent unfair workplace  Changes over time with cost of living  Minimum wage in the US info minimumwage.htm

7  EQ: How did industrialization change political ideas in society?

8 Liberalism  Influenced by Enlightenment thinkers – “free thinkers”  Individual rights (equality), freedom of speech and press, limited power of the government

9 Socialism  Socialism – economic system that supports the COLLECTIVE ownership and control of production and distribution of the goods produced  Everything belongs to society – no private ownership, people share work and goods produced (no investors who sit and make $$)  Government should manage means of production – factories, etc.

10 Marxism  Karl Marx - revolutionary communist, whose works inspired the foundation of many communist regimes in the twentieth century.  Marxism - the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marx that there should eventually be a society in which there are no classes Capitalist profit comes from exploiting the proletariat (poorest people) – capitalism will inevitably break down and be replaced by capitalism

11  EQ: How did the ideas of Karl Marx lead to the development of communism?

12 Communism  Karl Marx – The Communist Manifesto – predicted that the workers would overthrow the capitalists (private owners making $$)  Communism - political system that supports extreme socialism  anti-capitalism  Classless society – wealth and power shared by all  State would eventually wither away – pure communism  Check out this video! (stop at interview!!!) 1l2qBo&safe=active 1l2qBo&safe=active

13  EQ: How was the reality of communism different from the ideals of Karl Marx

14 The Russian Revolution  1917 (final phase of World War I)  removed Russia from the war and brought about the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)  replacing Russia’s traditional monarchy (very weakened) with the world’s first Communist state. ** Revolution had been a long time coming – constant uprisings and malcontent  The new government, led by Vladimir Lenin, would solidify its power only after three years of civil war

15 Lenin’s version of Marxism  Leaders drawn to the intellectual and working class instead of the aristocracy (rich folk)  Russia fully entered the industrial age (had been agriculturally based for the most part)

16 Life Under Lenin  Peace – Lenin promised peace after the chaos of WWI and civil war in Russia  Communist economy - gave the land previously owned by the nobles to the peasants, and factories were handed over to workers' committees, Government fully controlled production and economy – not an equal reality  Communist laws - banned religion; brought in an eight-hour day for workers, as well as unemployment pay and pensions; abolished the teaching of history and Latin, while encouraging science

17 Life Under Lenin  Communist propaganda - there was a huge campaign to teach everyone to read. Communist newsreels were shown around the country lectures were given to teach peasants about Communism.  Dictatorship - Lenin dismissed the Constituent Assembly, which was the parliament that the Provisional Government had arranged, and declared the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' (which was really, the dictatorship of Lenin). A secret police force called the Cheka arrested, tortured and killed anybody who tried to destroy the Communist state.

18 Lenin’s version of Marxism  Lenin's concept of imperialism as the final stage of capitalism and shifts the focus of struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries.  Imperialism - the policy of extending the rule or influence of a country over other countries or colonies

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