2EQ: How did society respond to the changes brought by the IR?
3Change! Middle class wants the right to vote Working class wants better working conditionsWomen want equal rights with men since they are now working outside the home
4Rise of Labor UnionsLabor union – groups of workers formed organizations to protest working conditions and demand reform (shorter hours, age limit for workers, safety measures)Strikes - stopping work… put pressure on employers
5Child Labor LawsBritain was the first to pass laws regulating child labor.1802 to a series of laws gradually shortened the working hours, improved the conditions, and raised the age at which children could work.United States took many years to outlaw child labor.By 1899 a total of 28 states had passed laws regulating child labor.
6Minimum Wage LawsMinimum Wage – the lowest amount a business can legally pay a workerMeant to prevent unfair workplaceChanges over time with cost of livingMinimum wage in the US info
7EQ: How did industrialization change political ideas in society?
8Liberalism Influenced by Enlightenment thinkers – “free thinkers” Individual rights (equality), freedom of speech and press, limited power of the government
9SocialismSocialism – economic system that supports the COLLECTIVE ownership and control of production and distribution of the goods producedEverything belongs to society – no private ownership, people share work and goods produced (no investors who sit and make $$)Government should manage means of production – factories, etc.
10MarxismKarl Marx - revolutionary communist, whose works inspired the foundation of many communist regimes in the twentieth century.Marxism - the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marxthat there should eventually be a society in which there are no classesCapitalist profit comes from exploiting the proletariat (poorest people) – capitalism will inevitably break down and be replaced by capitalism
11EQ: How did the ideas of Karl Marx lead to the development of communism?
12CommunismKarl Marx – The Communist Manifesto – predicted that the workers would overthrow the capitalists (private owners making $$)Communism - political system that supports extreme socialismanti-capitalismClassless society – wealth and power shared by allState would eventually wither away – pure communismCheck out this video! (stop at interview!!!)
13EQ: How was the reality of communism different from the ideals of Karl Marx
14The Russian Revolution 1917 (final phase of World War I)removed Russia from the war and brought about the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)replacing Russia’s traditional monarchy (very weakened) with the world’s first Communist state.** Revolution had been a long time coming – constant uprisings and malcontentThe new government, led by Vladimir Lenin, would solidify its power only after three years of civil war
15Lenin’s version of Marxism Leaders drawn to the intellectual and working class instead of the aristocracy (rich folk)Russia fully entered the industrial age (had been agriculturally based for the most part)
16Life Under LeninPeace – Lenin promised peace after the chaos of WWI and civil war in RussiaCommunist economy - gave the land previously owned by the nobles to the peasants, and factories were handed over to workers' committees, Government fully controlled production and economy – not an equal realityCommunist laws - banned religion; brought in an eight-hour day for workers, as well as unemployment pay and pensions; abolished the teaching of history and Latin, while encouraging science
17Life Under LeninCommunist propaganda - there was a huge campaign to teach everyone to read. Communist newsreels were shown around the country lectures were given to teach peasants about Communism.Dictatorship - Lenin dismissed the Constituent Assembly, which was the parliament that the Provisional Government had arranged, and declared the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' (which was really, the dictatorship of Lenin). A secret police force called the Cheka arrested, tortured and killed anybody who tried to destroy the Communist state.
18Lenin’s version of Marxism Lenin's concept of imperialism as the final stage of capitalism and shifts the focus of struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries.Imperialism - the policy of extending the rule or influence of a country over other countries or colonies