Presentation on theme: "1. Who is the head of the Executive Branch? 2. What are the 2 parts of Congress? 3. The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution make up the ________________."— Presentation transcript:
1. Who is the head of the Executive Branch? 2. What are the 2 parts of Congress? 3. The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution make up the ________________.
SWBAT explain the powers of North Carolina’s legislative branch SWBAT explain the powers of North Carolina’s executive branch SWBAT compare North Carolina’s amendment process with the process for amending the US Constitution.
Legislative Branch General Assembly: House & Senate Powers: Passes statutes (laws for the state) Sets up local governments through charters. determines the powers of executive/state agencies debates/approves the state’s budget override veto (3/5 vote)
Citizens can also pass laws directly through _____________ (getting the law on the ballot) and _____________(actually voting on the law)
Initiative V. Referendum Initiative: when the people start an action in an effort to propose a new law Referendum: when the people vote on the initiative
Legislative Problem: Gerrymandering when officials make voting districts that have all their supporters so they never lose office.
Gerrymandering 12 th District of Mel Watt Redrawing district lines in a state to favor a particular political party –A way politicians cheat in order to be elected!
Incorporation: all state laws, city town ordinances must follow the 14 th Amendment and the Bill of Rights
Executive Branch Governor & Lieutenant Governor Powers: Represents NC Appoints cabinet members proposes state budget veto legislation (line item veto) Lieutenant Governor: takes over if Gov. dies, also is the “president of the senate” and has the tiebreaking vote in the NC Senate.
Spotlight on the NC governor’s Veto power: The NC governor was given the veto power in 1996, this strengthened the executive branch and gave the governor more say over the legislative process. Current governor: Beth Purdue
Line-Item Veto: The Governor may veto parts of a bill he disagrees with and keep the parts he agrees with Presidential Veto: an “all or nothing” decision. The president must approve or reject the entire bill.
Council of State: 8 ELECTED heads of state agencies advise the governor 1.Secretary of State 2.Attorney General 3.Commissioner of Agriculture 4.Commissioner of Insurance 5.Commissioner of Labor 6.Superintendent of Public Instruction 7.State Treasurer 8.State Auditor
Cabinet- 10 Heads of state agencies appointed by the Governor Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Crime Control & Public Safety Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary of Transportation
Law Enforcement: State Police, Sheriff (county), Police (city/town)
Sheriff-County State Police City/Town Police
Judicial Branch (NC Article IV): State Supreme Court (7 elected justices, serve 8 yr terms): power of judicial review. Court of Appeals (15 Judges) Superior Court (46 districts) District Court (39 county) Every case must work its way up the court system EXCEPT: Death Penalty “Capital Punishment” cases go directly from Superior to Supreme Court. NC Supreme Court Court of Appeals Superior Court District (County) Court
NC Supreme Court Cases: When the NC Supreme court makes a decision it becomes the law in the state of North Carolina. -->NOTE: The US Supreme Court can still reverse NC’s Supreme Court Decisions and declare parts of the NC Constitution to be unconstitutional.
State vs. Mann (1829): Determined that slaves are property. Slave owner’s (John Mann) assault conviction overturned because slaves were NOT citizens.
Parents in poor counties sue about unequal educational opportunities The parents win unanimously! NC Supreme Court said: All NC children have a constitutional right to the “equal opportunity to receive a sound basic education.” Article IX (9) of the NC Constitution
IMPACT: Funding for schools should be equally distributed 2002 Judge Manning decided the problems in poor school districts were bigger than just money. He mandated that the state (Governor and General Assembly) take responsibility for improving the poor school districts. This meant… More qualified teachers, more EOCs/EOGs, Only a level 3/4 is passing, better school administrators, $ for at risk students, $ for pre-school/kindergarten programs, more money to poor school districts to supplement property tax.
Charter Schools: free but have admissions requirements Are usually less diverse than traditional public schools More autonomy to do their own thing May take funding and high performing students from public schools Give students a free alternative to public schools where there is more structure
1. Who is the head of the STATE executive branch? 2. What is the State’s Legislative branch called? 3. What is the highest court in the state called?