3 ObjectivesSWBAT explain the powers of North Carolina’s legislative branchSWBAT explain the powers of North Carolina’s executive branchSWBAT compare North Carolina’s amendment process with the process for amending the US Constitution.
4 Notes 50 Legislative Branch Powers: General Assembly: House & SenatePowers:Passes statutes (laws for the state)Sets up local governments through charters.determines the powers of executive/state agenciesdebates/approves the state’s budgetoverride veto (3/5 vote)
5 Notes 50Citizens can also pass laws directly through _____________ (getting the law on the ballot) and _____________(actually voting on the law)
6 Initiative V. Referendum Initiative: when the people start an action in an effort to propose a new lawReferendum: when the people vote on the initiative
7 Notes 50 Legislative Problem: Gerrymandering when officials make voting districts that have all their supporters so they never lose office.
8 GerrymanderingRedrawing district lines in a state to favor a particular political partyA way politicians cheat in order to be elected!12th District of Mel Watt
9 Incorporation: all state laws, city town ordinances must follow the 14th Amendment and the Bill of Rights
10 Notes 50 Executive Branch Governor & Lieutenant Governor Represents NC Powers:Represents NCAppoints cabinet membersproposes state budgetveto legislation (line item veto)Lieutenant Governor: takes over if Gov. dies, also is the “president of the senate” and has the tiebreaking vote in the NC Senate.
11 Spotlight on the NC governor’s Veto power: The NC governor was given the veto power in 1996, this strengthened the executive branch and gave the governor more say over the legislative process.Current governor:Beth Purdue
12 Line-Item Veto V. Presidential Veto Powers of Pres. V. Governor Line-Item Veto: The Governor may veto parts of a bill he disagrees with and keep the parts he agrees withPresidential Veto: an “all or nothing” decision. The president must approve or reject the entire bill.
13 Notes 50Council of State: 8 ELECTED heads of state agencies advise the governorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralCommissioner of AgricultureCommissioner of InsuranceCommissioner of LaborSuperintendent of Public InstructionState TreasurerState Auditor
14 Notes 50 Cabinet- 10 Heads of state agencies appointed by the Governor Secretary of CommerceSecretary of Crime Control & Public SafetySecretary of Health and Human ServicesSecretary of Transportation
15 Notes 50Law Enforcement: State Police, Sheriff (county), Police (city/town)
16 Law EnforcementState PoliceSheriff-CountyCity/Town Police
17 Notes 53 Judicial Branch (NC Article IV): State Supreme Court (7 elected justices, serve 8 yr terms): power of judicial review.Court of Appeals (15 Judges)Superior Court (46 districts)District Court (39 county)Every case must work its way up the court systemEXCEPT: Death Penalty “Capital Punishment” cases godirectly from Superior to Supreme Court.
18 NOTES 53NC Supreme Court Cases: When the NC Supreme court makes a decision it becomes the law in the state of North Carolina.-->NOTE: The US Supreme Court can still reverse NC’s Supreme Court Decisions and declare parts of the NC Constitution to be unconstitutional.
19 State vs. Mann (1829): Determined that slaves are property State vs. Mann (1829): Determined that slaves are property. Slave owner’s (John Mann) assault conviction overturned because slaves were NOT citizens.
20 Leandro v. North Carolina (1997): Parents in poor counties sue about unequal educational opportunitiesThe parents win unanimously!NC Supreme Court said: All NC children have a constitutional right to the “equal opportunity to receive a sound basic education.”Article IX (9) of the NC Constitution
21 Leandro’s Impact IMPACT: Funding for schools should be equally distributed2002 Judge Manning decided the problems in poor school districts were bigger than just money.He mandated that the state (Governor and General Assembly) take responsibility for improving the poor school districts. This meant…More qualified teachers, more EOCs/EOGs, Only a level 3/4 is passing, better school administrators, $ for at risk students, $ for pre-school/kindergarten programs, more money to poor school districts to supplement property tax.
22 Charter Schools: A good idea? Charter Schools: free but have admissions requirementsAre usually less diverse than traditional public schoolsMore autonomy to do their own thingMay take funding and high performing students from public schoolsGive students a free alternative to public schools where there is more structure
23 Exit Slip Who is the head of the STATE executive branch? What is the State’s Legislative branch called?What is the highest court in the state called?