Presentation on theme: "Design what is it?. Design what is it? Design as an activity in its own right ● different to science, art, music ● science explains ● art, music express."— Presentation transcript:
Design what is it?
Design what is it?
Design as an activity in its own right ● different to science, art, music ● science explains ● art, music express emotions
Design an activity in its own right ● the production of an entity (or its representation) to satisfy a given set of requirements
Design as an activity in its own right design creates
Design as an activity in its own right design has changed the world
Design as an activity in its own right a purposeful act
Design characteristics ● function / purpose ● behaviour ● structure F B S F B S P
Design characteristics ● function / purpose ● behaviour ● structure why / what does how does what is
Design characteristics ● function / purpose ● to tell the time ● to adorn the wearer ● to advertise status ● behaviour ● by pointing to appropriate marks ● being visible ● be attractive, stylish ● structure ● gold case /strap, glass face, gold hands, …
Design characteristics ● function / purpose ● to promote Faculty ● to inform ● behaviour ● by projecting an academic image ● by projecting an attractive look ● by displaying accurate & complete information ● by being easy to use / navigate ● structure ● text, graphics & multimedia ● type, shape, size, colour, location, orientation, tone, loudness, …
Unintended Functions ● not purpose of design ● side effects ● e.g. cars – exhaust, space, momentum ● may find new purposes ● ‘good’ and ‘bad’ ● cup for measuring, car for ram-raiding
actual behaviour analysis Design processes function required behaviour evaluation reformulation problem formulation synthesis structure redesign description documentation
Design classification ● routine design ● finding values for structural variables ● innovative design ● extending the values of structural variables ● creative design ● creating new variables, new types
Design Prototypes an object-oriented representation for design
Design Prototypes John Gero
Design Prototypes name typology context function behaviour structure knowledge DP = ƒ (T, C, F, B, S, K)
Design Prototypes name: typology: context: function: behaviour: structure: knowledge: aTypeOf: door hinged door space(S1,S2), wall(W1) controlsAccess, providesSecurity, … swings, opens/closes, hasStrength, lockable, … aComponentOf: wallAssembly(W) hasComponents: (frame, leaf, hinges, handles) material: anyOf: (timber, metal, glass, …) shape: rectangular dimensions: (height, width, thickness) R45 IF strength OF door IS high THEN providesSecurity function OF door IS satisfactory ….
Designing with Design Prototypes ● routine design ● given a specific design prototype instantiate values of variables ● innovative design ● select appropriate design prototype extend range of variables by adding new values new subclass ● creative design ● create new high-level design prototype new variables &/or new combinations 20
●what is it? ●can computers design? ●can computers be creative? creativity
computers in design ●what would computers need to do to design? ●what would computers need to be creative?