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Making Comparisons in English By, G. Javier Burgos.

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1 Making Comparisons in English By, G. Javier Burgos

2 Who do you think is MORE ATTRACTIVE?

3 The Giraffe says. “I am TALLER THAN that ant” The Ant Responded: “ Yes, the giraffe is taller than me but I am SEXIER than her”

4 We often use comparisons because we want to talk about the differences between people, places, and things. Here is an example: 1.Javier´s house is bigger than Anita´s. 2.Anita´s house is smaller than Javier’s. 3. Javier’s house is more expensive and prettier than Anita’s house.

5 The comparative forms from the previous example are: -bigger than -smaller than -More expensive than -Prettier than So... When do we use “–er” and when do we use “more?”

6 How many syllables are the words: “ big” and “ small ?” 1 For 1-syllable adjectives, JUST add “er” to the end. Example:Tom is smarter than Joe. *If the 1-syllable adjective ends with the letter “e,” JUST add “r” to the end. Examples: nicerwiser **If the 1-syllable adjective has a C-V-C pattern, Double the consonant and add “er.” Examples:San Francisco iswetterthan San Diego. San Diego isbigger than San Francisco.

7 For adjectives that end with the letter “y,” DROP the “y” and add “ier.” Examples: Adjective = uglyAnita´s house is Uglier than Javier´s house. Adjective = prettyFECYT faculty is prettier than CC.SS. Faculty Adjective = friendlyAngelina is friendlier than Fiona.

8 How many syllables is the word: beautiful ? 4 (more than 1) For adjectives that are 2 or more syllables, use “ more” + the adjective to make the comparative form. Examples: Adjective = beautiful Mery ’s face is more beautiful than Javier´s face. Adjective = comfortable This armchair is more comfortable than that chair.

9 Irregular comparatives: You MUST memorize these! Examples: good = better thanfar = farther (further) than bad=worsethan Adjective = good My grades are better than Michael’s.

10 Examples: · good = better · bad = worse · far = farther (further) · well = better · badly = worse · little = less Many/much/ a lot of/lots of/ few/ a few = more/less

11 Grammar Rule: Never use both MORE and “ER!” Incorrect: Lisa’s job is more better than mine. Correct: Lisa’s job is better than mine.

12 Using “less than” Sometimes we compare two things by using “less than.” To do this, use LESS + adjective + THAN When using “less than,” the adjective DOES NOT CHANGE Examples: He is LESS energetic than my other teacher. This class is LESS crowded than the other one. New York City is LESS polluted than Los Angeles.

13 Rule... ADJECTIVECOMPARATIVE 1. Adjectives with one syllable: add “er” old big cheap older than bigger than cheaper than 2. Adjectives that end in “Y”: drop “Y”, add “ier” friendly busy easy friendlier than busier than easier than 3. Adjectives with two or more syllables: use “more” polite beautiful important more polite than more beautiful than more important than 4. Irregular forms: (memorize) good bad far better than worse than farther/further than 5. Less Thanquiet crowded less quiet than less crowded than

14 There are a few exceptions with comparative grammar... These are adjectives that don’t follow the basic rules or that have more than one acceptable form. To learn these, you must memorize them. 1.“fun”We say:more funfunner 2. “simple”We say:more simple ORsimpler 3. “narrow”We say:more narrow ORnarrower 4. “quiet”We say:more quiet ORquieter

15 Try these examples. Use the comparative form. 1.I think Social Studies is _________________ (interesting) than Math. 2. San Diego is a _____________ (pretty) city than L.A. 3. A dog is usually _______________ (friendly) than a cat. 4. It is _____________ (hot) today than it was yesterday. 5. My cousin is ______________ (rich) than I am. 6. USE LESS: Some people think that Spanish is __________________ (difficult) than English.

16 Superlatives Superlatives RULE # 1 Use THE and add -est Examples: · smart = the smartest · young = the youngest · fast = the fastest

17 Superlatives RULE # 2 If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -est. Don't forget THE! Examples: · wet = the wettest · big = the biggest · sad = the saddest

18 Superlatives RULE # 3 Change the Y to I and add -est. Don't forget to use THE! Examples: · pretty = the prettiest · happy = the happiest · busy = the busiest

19 Superlatives RULE # 4 Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y): Use THE MOST Examples: · famous = the most famous · interesting = the most interesting · carefully = the most carefully

20 IRREGULAR SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Examples: · good = the best · bad = the worst · far = the farthest (the furthest) · well = the best · badly = the worst · little = the least Many/much/ a lot of/lots of/ few/ a few = The most/ the least

21

22 Who has the widest mouth in the world? His name is Francisco Domingo,. He is from Angola.

23 Where was the largest bikini parade held?

24 Hundreds of Women stood at

25 Where is the smallest man in the world from? He is from Nepal

26 His name is Chandra Dangi and he is 67 cm tall.

27 Who is the tallest man in the world? His name is Sultan Kosen Burgos, he is my cousin He is from «Alpachaca»

28 Which man has the longest fingernails in the world? His name is Melvin Boothe

29 Who has the smallest waist in the world? Her name is Cathie Jung

30 Who has the biggest natural breasts in the world? Her name is Annie Turner Under breasts: 109.22 cm Chest-over-nipple: 177.8 cm

31 How big is the largest Mining Truck ? Volume: 470.4 cubic metres Density of : 0.86 tons/ m3

32 Who is the hairiest teenager in the world? Her name is Supatra Nat She is from Ibarra and studies “Enfermeria” at UTN. The true fact: She is from Thailand

33 Who has the largest rifle in the world? James DeCaine. U.S.A. Measurement: 10.18 m

34 Could you do this? It is simple, I can do it. Teacher Javier can do it easily.

35 He is as strong as the Teacher.

36 Check for the most amazing recordsin the world http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/size /http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/size / http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/extr a-ordinary/http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/extr a-ordinary/ http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/worl d-records/size/smallest-dog-livinghttp://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/worl d-records/size/smallest-dog-living

37 SUMMARY: COMPARATIVE VS SUPERLATIVES ComparativesSuperlatives Simply add -er Examples: · smart = smarter · young = younger · fast = faster Use THE and add -est Examples: · smart = the smartest · young = the youngest · fast = the fastest Rule 1 - one syllable adjectives or adverbs:

38 If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add - er. Examples: · wet = wetter · big = bigger · sad = sadder Practice comparatives with one- syllable words. If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add - est. Don't forget THE! Examples: · wet = the wettest · big = the biggest · sad = the saddest Practice superlatives with one- syllable words. Rule 1B - One syllable adjectives with a Consonant-Vowel-Consonant Pattern: (Review Consonants and Vowels) (Review Consonants and Vowels)

39 Change the Y to I and add - er Examples: · pretty = prettier · happy = happier · busy = busier Practice comparatives ending in Y. Change the Y to I and add - est. Don't forget to use THE! Examples: · pretty = the prettiest · happy = the happiest · busy = the busiest Practice superlatives ending in Y. Rule 2 - two syllable adjectives ending in Y

40 Use MORE Examples: · famous = more famous · interesting = more interesting · carefully = more carefully Practice comparatives with 2 or more syllables. Use THE MOST Examples: · famous = the most famous · interesting = the most interesting · carefully = the most carefully Practice superlatives with 2 or more syllables. Rule 3 - Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y):

41 Examples: · good = better · bad = worse · far = farther (further) · well = better · badly = worse · little = less Practice irregular comparatives. Examples: · good = the best · bad = the worst · far = the farthest (the furthest) · well = the best · badly = the worst · little = the least Practice irregular superlatives. Rule 4 These are the irregular words. There is no system or pattern here, so you'll just have to remember them. Fortunately, there are only a few...

42 Thanks! You are the best! elt@gmx.us elt@gmx.us Javier Burgos E.L.T.


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