3 “ Yes, the giraffe is taller than me but I am SEXIER than her” The Ant Responded:“ Yes, the giraffe is taller than me but I am SEXIER than her”The Giraffe says.“I am TALLER THAN that ant”
4 Javier's house Anita's house We often use comparisons because we want to talk about the differences between people, places, and things.Here is an example:Javier´s house is bigger than Anita´s.Anita´s house is smaller than Javier’s.3. Javier’s house is more expensive and prettier than Anita’s house.Javier's houseAnita's house
5 The comparative forms from the previous example are: -bigger than -smaller than -More expensive than -Prettier than So When do we use “–er” and when do we use “more?”Here are the rules
6 Rule 1: For 1-syllable adjectives, JUST add “er” to the end. How many syllables are the words: “big” and “small?” 1For 1-syllable adjectives,JUST add “er” to the end.Example: Tom is smarter than Joe.*If the 1-syllable adjective ends with the letter “e,”JUST add “r” to the end.Examples: nicer wiser**If the 1-syllable adjective has a C-V-C pattern,Double the consonant and add “er.” Examples: San Francisco is wetter than San Diego.San Diego is bigger than San Francisco.
7 Rule 2: For adjectives that end with the letter “y,” DROP the “y” and add “ier.”Examples:Adjective = ugly Anita´s house is Uglier than Javier´s house.Adjective = pretty FECYT faculty is prettier than CC.SS. FacultyAdjective = friendly Angelina is friendlier than Fiona.
8 Rule 3: (more than 1) For adjectives that are 2 or more syllables, How many syllables is the word: beautiful ? 4(more than 1)For adjectives that are 2 or more syllables,use “more” + the adjective to make the comparative form.Examples:Adjective = beautifulMery ’s face is more beautiful than Javier´s face .Adjective = comfortableThis armchair is more comfortable than that chair.
9 Rule 4: Irregular comparatives: You MUST memorize these! Examples: good = better than far = farther (further) thanbad = worse thanAdjective = goodMy grades are better than Michael’s.
10 · far = farther (further) Many/much/ a lot of/lots of/ few/ a few Examples:· good = better· bad = worse· far = farther (further)· well = better· badly = worse· little = lessMany/much/ a lot of/lots of/ few/ a few= more/less
11 Never use both MORE and “ER!” Grammar Rule:Never use both MORE and “ER!”Incorrect:Lisa’s job is more better than mine.Correct:Lisa’s job is better than mine.
12 Rule 5: Using “less than” Examples: Sometimes we compare two things by using “less than.”To do this, use LESS + adjective + THANWhen using “less than,” the adjective DOES NOT CHANGEExamples:He is LESS energetic than my other teacher.This class is LESS crowded than the other one.New York City is LESS polluted than Los Angeles.
13 Review of Rules Rule . . . ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE 1. Adjectives with one syllable:add “er”oldbigcheapolder thanbigger thancheaper than2. Adjectives that endin “Y”:drop “Y”, add “ier”friendlybusyeasyfriendlier thanbusier thaneasier than3. Adjectives with two ormore syllables:use “more”politebeautifulimportantmore polite thanmore beautiful thanmore important than4. Irregular forms: (memorize)goodbadfarbetter thanworse thanfarther/further than5. Less Thanquietcrowdedless quiet thanless crowded than
14 Some Exceptions...There are a few exceptions with comparative grammar . . .These are adjectives that don’t follow the basic rules or that have more than one acceptable form. To learn these, you must memorize them.“fun” We say: more fun funner2. “simple” We say: more simple OR simpler3. “narrow” We say: more narrow OR narrower4. “quiet” We say: more quiet OR quieter
15 Practice! more interesting prettier friendlier hotter richer Try these examples. Use the comparative form.I think Social Studies is _________________ (interesting) than Math.2. San Diego is a _____________ (pretty) city than L.A.3. A dog is usually _______________ (friendly) than a cat.4. It is _____________ (hot) today than it was yesterday.5. My cousin is ______________ (rich) than I am.6. USE LESS: Some people think that Spanish is __________________ (difficult) than English.more interestingprettierfriendlierhotterricherless difficult
16 Superlatives Use THE and add -est Examples: · smart = the smartest Superlatives RULE # 1Use THE and add -estExamples:· smart = the smartest· young = the youngest· fast = the fastest
17 Superlatives RULE # 2 If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -est. Don't forget THE! Examples: · wet = the wettest · big = the biggest · sad = the saddest
18 Superlatives RULE # 3 Change the Y to I and add -est Superlatives RULE # 3 Change the Y to I and add -est. Don't forget to use THE! Examples: · pretty = the prettiest · happy = the happiest · busy = the busiest
19 Superlatives RULE # 4 Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y): Use THE MOST Examples: · famous = the most famous · interesting = the most interesting · carefully = the most carefully
20 IRREGULAR SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Examples: · good = the best · bad = the worst · far = the farthest (the furthest) · well = the best · badly = the worst · little = the least Many/much/ a lot of/lots of/ few/ a few = The most/ the least
25 Where is the smallest man in the world from? He is from Nepal
26 His name is Chandra Dangi and he is 67 cm tall.
27 Who is the tallest man in the world? He is from «Alpachaca»His name is Sultan Kosen Burgos, he is my cousin
28 His name is Melvin Boothe Which man has the longest fingernails in the world?His name is Melvin Boothe
29 Who has the smallest waist in the world? Her name is Cathie Jung
30 Chest-over-nipple: 177.8 cm Her name is Annie Turner Who has the biggest natural breasts in the world?Under breasts: cmChest-over-nipple: cmHer name is Annie Turner
31 Volume: 470.4 cubic metres Density of : 0.86 tons/ m3 How big is the largest Mining Truck ?Volume: cubic metresDensity of : 0.86 tons/ m3
32 She is from Ibarra and studies “Enfermeria” at UTN. Who is the hairiest teenager in the world?She is from Ibarra and studies “Enfermeria” at UTN.The true fact: She is from ThailandHer name is Supatra Nat
33 Measurement: 10.18 m James DeCaine. U.S.A. Who has the largest rifle in the world?Measurement: mJames DeCaine. U.S.A.
34 Teacher Javier can do it easily. It is simple, I can do it.Could you do this?Teacher Javier can do it easily.
37 SUMMARY: COMPARATIVE VS SUPERLATIVES Rule 1 - one syllable adjectives or adverbs:ComparativesSuperlativesSimply add -erExamples:· smart = smarter· young = younger· fast = fasterUse THE and add -est· smart = the smartest· young = the youngest· fast = the fastest
38 If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add - er. Rule 1B - One syllable adjectives with a Consonant-Vowel-Consonant Pattern: (Review Consonants and Vowels)If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add - er. Examples:· wet = wetter· big = bigger· sad = sadderPractice comparatives with one- syllable words.If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add - est. Don't forget THE!· wet = the wettest· big = the biggest· sad = the saddestPractice superlatives with one- syllable words.
39 Rule 2 - two syllable adjectives ending in Y Change the Y to I and add - er Examples:· pretty = prettier· happy = happier· busy = busierPractice comparatives ending in Y.Change the Y to I and add - est. Don't forget to use THE!· pretty = the prettiest· happy = the happiest· busy = the busiestPractice superlatives ending in Y.
40 · interesting = more interesting Rule 3 - Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y): Use MOREExamples:· famous = more famous· interesting = more interesting· carefully = more carefullyPractice comparatives with 2 or more syllables.Use THE MOST· famous = the most famous· interesting = the most interesting· carefully = the most carefullyPractice superlatives with 2 or more syllables.
41 Rule 4 These are the irregular words. There is no system or pattern here, so you'll just have to remember them.Fortunately, there are only a few...Examples:· good = better· bad = worse· far = farther (further)· well = better· badly = worse· little = lessPractice irregular comparatives.· good = the best· bad = the worst· far = the farthest (the furthest)· well = the best· badly = the worst· little = the leastPractice irregular superlatives.
42 Thanks! You are the best! email@example.com Javier Burgos E.L.T.